Denis Stepanov was one of three men behind the start of DDoS attacks for hire and extortion. A multinational law enforcement group of British, American, and Russian private individuals and law enforcement agents captured Ivan Maksakov, Alexander Petrov, and Denis Stepanov.
The three men were at the heart of an extortion ring which was extorting money from banks, Internet casinos, and other web based businesses. Reported damages caused by Maksakov, Petrov, and Stenanov range in the tens of millions of dollars. On October 8, 2007, Maksakov, Petrov, Stenanov were found guilty and sentenced to eight years in prison in the Russian Federation with a 100,000 ruble penalty.