|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2007)|
Denkanikottai (Tamil:தேன்கனிகோட்டை) is a selection grade panchayat town in Krishnagiri district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is altitude 3000 feet above from the sea level. It is an agrarian economy depending on the agricultural output of surrounding villages in its taluk. One can easily reach the highly grown up tourist place Hogenekkal from Bangalore through Attibele - Denkanikottai - Anchetti - Nattrapalayam. Tamil is the official language spoken here other than that Kannada, Telugu are widely Spoken language by localities here. The place is named after the legend of Betrayaswamy Temple located in the centre of the town.
This Town is well known for Export of Flowers mainly Roses to Major Countries in the World during Valentines Day.
Notable Places to Visit:
1) Beteraya Swamy Temple
2) Gavi Narashima Swamy Temple
3) Yarab Dharga
4) Sanmavu Elephant Forest
5) Panchapalli Dam
Until 1654 A.D., Denkanikottai was ruled by Kantirave Narasa Raja of Srirangapattana. The territory later moved into the hands of Hyder Ali. Later it was part of the struggle between the British and Hyder.
Denkanikottai is located at 12°31'11"N 77°46'48"E. It is situated on the south-western extreme of the Deccan plateau, east of the western ghats. The forest area of Denkanikottai forms the prime elephant habitat in the district. It is part of the Cauvery Elephant Reserve (450 km²). It has dry but pleasant weather conditions throughout the year. It is 3000 feet above from the sea level. Here the Hill allowance is allowed for the Central Government employees.
Flora and fauna
The district is a paradise for nature lovers. This town is Well Known for its Climate, So is the Place Thally called as "Little England" by British People during the British Rule.
The flora include a variety of timber trees like Rose wood, Teak, Sandal etc. Hundreds of medicinal herbs, minor forest plants like nelli, kadukkai, cheekai, pungam, etc. The following trees like 'Charakkonnai' ('Cassia histula'). Since pungam trees are found in abundance in this forest pungam oil is extracted from the seeds of this tree, creating a non-polluting Bio-fuel.
The major wild animals include Elephants, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Gaur, Wild boar, Panther, etc. The forest area of Denkanikottai Taluk forms the prime elephant habitat with lot of bamboos and this area constitutes the Cauvery elephant reserve, which is constituted over an area of about Denkanikotta to Hogenekkall via Anchetty is wonderful experience to Nature Lovers. 450 km2. The bird population is also attractive with beautiful birds like the Paradise flycatcher. Big lakes in Anchetti and Hosur areas also attract large number of migratory birds like Painted storks, Teals etc. In addition to these birds and mammals, there are variety of butterflies, giant spiders etc. that are coming under endangered list. Kodakkarai shoal forest in Denkanikottai Taluk is known for large scale migratory butterflies during a particular season; then one can observe thousands of migratory butterflies passing through this forest like a passing cloud.
As of 2011 India census, Denkanikottai had a population of 24,252. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Denkanikottai city is divided into 18 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Denkanikottai Town Panchayat has population of 24,252 of which 12,325 are males while 11,927 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 2986 which is 12.31 % of total population of Denkanikottai (TP). In Denkanikottai Town Panchayat, Female Sex Ratio is of 968 against state average of 996. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Denkanikottai is around 912 compared to Tamil Nadu state average of 943. Literacy rate of Denkanikottai city is 76.83 % lower than state average of 80.09 %. In Denkanikottai, Male literacy is around 82.05 % while female literacy rate is 71.47 %.Denkanikottai Town Panchayat has total administration over 5,393 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Town Panchayat limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction. It was once primarily inhabited by the Irula tribes.The size of this taluk is bigger than Kanyakumari district.