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|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (December 2007)|
Denkanikottai or Denkanikotta is a selection grade panchayat town in Krishnagiri district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is altitude 3000 feet above from the sea level. It is an agrarian economy depending on the agricultural output of surrounding villages in its taluk. One can easily reach the highly grown up tourist place Hogenekkal from Bangalore through Hosur - Denkanikottai - Anchetti - Nattrapalayam. Tamil is the official language spoken here. The place is named after the legend of Betrayaswamy Temple located in the centre of the town.
Until 1654 A.D., Denkanikottai was ruled by Kantirave Narasa Raja of Srirangapattana. The territory later moved into the hands of Hyder Ali. Later it was part of the struggle between the British and Hyder.
Denkanikottai is located at 12°31'11"N 77°46'48"E. It is situated on the south-western extreme of the Deccan plateau, east of the western ghats. The forest area of Denkanikottai forms the prime elephant habitat in the district. It is part of the Cauvery Elephant Reserve (450 km²). It has dry but pleasant weather conditions throughout the year. It is 3000 feet above from the sea level. Here the Hill allowance is allowed for the Central Government employees.
Flora and fauna
The district is a paradise for nature lovers. The flora include a variety of timber trees like Rose wood, Teak, Sandal etc. Hundreds of medicinal herbs, minor forest plants like nelli, kadukkai, cheekai, pungam, etc. The following trees like 'Charakkonnai' ('Cassia histula'). Since pungam trees are found in abundance in this forest pungam oil is extracted from the seeds of this tree, creating a non-polluting Bio-fuel.
The major wild animals include Elephants, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Gaur, Wild boar, Panther, etc. The forest area of Denkanikottai Taluk forms the prime elephant habitat with lot of bamboos and this area constitutes the Cauvery elephant reserve, which is constituted over an area of about Denkanikotta to Hogenekkall via Anchetty is wonderful experience to Nature Lovers. 450 km2. The bird population is also attractive with beautiful birds like the Paradise flycatcher. Big lakes in Anchetti and Hosur areas also attract large number of migratory birds like Painted storks, Teals etc. In addition to these birds and mammals, there are variety of butterflies, giant spiders etc. that are coming under endangered list. Kodakkarai shoal forest in Denkanikottai Taluk is known for large scale migratory butterflies during a particular season; then one can observe thousands of migratory butterflies passing through this forest like a passing cloud.
As of 2009[update] India census, Denkanikottai had a population of 28,334. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Denkanikottai has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70% and, female literacy is 57%. In Denkanikottai, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. It was once primarily inhabited by the Irula tribes.The size of this taluk is bigger than Kanyakumari district.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.