Tranquebar, a town in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, was a Danish colony in India from 1620 to 1845. It is spelled Trankebar or Tranquebar in Danish, which comes from the native Tamil, Tarangambadi, meaning "place of the singing waves". It was sold, along with the other Danish settlements in mainland India, most notably Serampore (now in West Bengal), to Great Britain in 1845. The Nicobar Islands were also colonized by Denmark, until sold to the British in 1868, who made them part of their colony of British India.
After Independence in 1947, the Indian prime minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the foundation for a friendly relationship between India and Denmark that has endured ever since. The bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial and friendly, based on cooperation in political, economic, academic and research fields. There have been periodic high level visits between the two countries.
Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark
Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the former Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied by a large business delegation, paid a State visit to India from February 4–8, 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM Bangalore in Bangalore and Agra. He launched an ‘India Action Plan’, which called for strengthening of the political dialogue, strengthening of cooperation in trade and investments, research in science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture, education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT experts to Denmark for short periods. The two countries signed an Agreement for establishment of a Bilateral Joint Commission for Coopration.
Purulia case: India scaled down diplomatic ties with Denmark
In July 2012, the Govt of India decided to scale down its diplomatic ties with Denmark after their refusal to appeal in their Supreme Court against a decision of its lower court rejecting the extradition of Purulia arms drop case prime accused Kim Davy a.k.a. Niels Holck. Upset over Denmark's refusal to act on India's repeated requests to appeal in their apex court to facilitate Davy's extradition to India, the Indian government issued a circular directing all senior officials not to meet or entertain any Danish diplomat posted in India.
Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements:
- Technical Cooperation Agreement – 1970
- Bilateral Agreement on an Integrated Fisheries Project at Tadri, Karnataka - 1981
- Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement- 1995
- Protocol on Avoidance of Double Taxation - 1995
- MoU Cooperation between CII and Confederation of Danish Industries – 1995
- Protocol on Foreign Office Consultation - 1995
- Joint Business Council Agreement between FICCI and the Danish Industry - 2002
- MoU Biotechnology for Bilateral Cooperation – 2004
- MoU Clean Development Mechanism – 2008
- MoU Cooperation in the area of Environment – 2009
- MoU Labour Mobility Partnership – 2009
- Social Security Agreement – 2010
- "Danish Embassy in New Delhi". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- "Indian Embassy in Copenhagen". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Italy. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Bilateral relations between Denmark and India
- "India to scale down diplomatic ties with Denmark". 12 July 2012.