Martínez in 1980
May 14, 1955 |
|September 14, 1976, for the Baltimore Orioles|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 27, 1998, for the Atlanta Braves|
|Earned run average||3.70|
|Career highlights and awards|
José Dennis Martínez Ortíz (born May 14, 1955), nicknamed "El Presidente" (The President), is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. He was the first Nicaraguan baseball player (pitcher or position player) to play in the majors.
During a 23-year baseball career, Martínez compiled 245 wins, 2,149 strikeouts, and a 3.70 earned run average. He is one of the top Latin American pitchers of all-time. During his tenure with the Orioles, he won a World Series with them in 1983 (although he was not on their roster for the series, he did receive a World Series ring). On July 28, 1991, Martínez pitched the thirteenth perfect game in Major League Baseball history, pitching for the Montreal Expos against the Los Angeles Dodgers. He was the first Latin American-born pitcher to pitch a perfect game.
On September 28, 1993, Martinez won his 100th game for the Expos, becoming one of nine major league pitchers ever with at least 100 wins in both the American and National leagues. Others to do that are Jim Bunning, Ferguson Jenkins, Al Orth, Gaylord Perry, Kevin Brown, Randy Johnson, Nolan Ryan and Cy Young.
On September 28, 1995, a wild pitch by Martinez broke the jaw of Hall of Famer Kirby Puckett. This would be Puckett's last official game of his career, retiring in 1996 due to glaucoma in his right eye, a problem unrelated to Martinez's pitch.
Martínez has the most career victories of any pitcher who has never won 20 games in a single season. Milt Pappas, Jerry Reuss, Frank Tanana, Charlie Hough, Chuck Finley, Kenny Rogers, and Tim Wakefield are the only other pitchers with at least 200 career victories who have done so. (Of these, Pappas, Reuss and Rogers had pitched no-hitters, with Rogers' also being a perfect game, three years to the day of Martínez's.)
He has the record for most wins by a Latin American pitcher with 245.
Martinez is one of only 17 pitchers in MLB history to start on Opening Day more than 10 times, having done it 11 times.
Martinez also is manager of the Nicaragua national baseball team, and managed during the 2013 World Baseball Classic Qualifying Tournament. The national baseball park in Managua (Nicaragua's capital city), Dennis Martínez National Stadium, was named in his honor.
Martinez runs his own organization, The Dennis Martínez Foundation, to help poor children around the world.
In 2016, Martinez was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame.
- 4-time All-Star (1990–1992, 1995)
- Twice Top 10 Cy Young Award (1981, 1991)
- Led league in wins (1981)
- Led league in ERA (1991)
- Led league in shutouts (1991)
- 6-time Top 10 in shutouts (1979, 1981, 1990, 1994–1996)
- Led league in games started, innings pitched and batters faced (1979)
- 9-time pitched 220 or more innings in a season (1978–1979, 1982, 1988–1993)
- 3-time oldest player in the majors (1996–1998)
- 60th on the strikeouts all-time list
- Set record for most wins by a Latin American pitcher (244 – August 9, 1998)
- Pitched the 13th perfect game in baseball history (July 28, 1991) with the Montreal Expos.
- Pitchers who have thrown a perfect game
- List of players from Nicaragua in Major League Baseball
- List of Major League Baseball career wins leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual ERA leaders
- List of Montreal Expos Opening Day starting pitchers
- List of Major League Baseball career hit batsmen leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career strikeout leaders
- Washburn, Gary. "'El Presidente' happy in new job". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
- "Baseball's Perfect Games: Dennis Martinez, Montreal Expos". The BASEBALL Page.com. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
- baltimore.orioles.mlb.com Martinez sharing his knowledge
- Astros make changes to Porter's staff
- "Most Popular". CNN.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube
|Awards and achievements|
|Perfect game pitcher
July 28, 1991
Bob Milacki, Mike Flanagan, Mark Williamson, & Gregg Olson
July 28, 1991
|Oldest Player in the