Dennis Muren

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Dennis Muren, A.S.C.
Dennis Muren.jpg
Muren at the International Press Academy’s 12th Annual Satellite Awards, December 16, 2007
Born (1946-11-01) November 1, 1946 (age 75)
OccupationVisual effects artist and supervisor

Dennis Muren, A.S.C (born November 1, 1946) is an American film visual effects artist and supervisor. He has worked on the films of Steven Spielberg, James Cameron, and George Lucas, among others, and won nine Oscars in total: eight for Best Visual Effects and a Technical Achievement Academy Award.[1]

Early life[edit]

Muren was born in Glendale, California, the son of Charline Louise (née Clayton) and Elmer Ernest Muren.[2] He developed an interest in film-making and special effects from an early age. While studying business at Pasadena City College, Muren spent $6500 to make Equinox, a short science fiction film. Tonylyn Productions, a small film company, liked the film enough to distribute it. Tonylyn hired film editor Jack Woods to direct additional footage in order to make Equinox into a feature-length movie. When the feature-length Equinox was released in May 1970, Muren was credited as a producer in spite of having directed much of the film and creating the special effects himself. Despite mixed to poor reviews, the movie made enough money for Muren to recoup his $8000 investment, and in the years since it has become a minor cult classic.[citation needed]


After earning his associate's degree, Muren began working as a visual effects artist full-time. In 1976, Muren was hired at Industrial Light & Magic (ILM), then an upstart visual effects studio founded by George Lucas. Lucas' first film with ILM, Star Wars, was released in 1977 to wide critical and public acclaim and was the highest-grossing film of all time until that point. In 1985 he worked on the visual effects of the Disney theme parks' Captain EO, an American 3D/4D science-fiction film starring Michael Jackson and directed by Francis Ford Coppola with executive producer George Lucas.

Muren has pioneered new technologies in special effects, including effectuation of ILM's move from models and miniatures to CGI for the film Terminator 2: Judgment Day.[3][4]

Muren, along with Steve Williams and Mark A.Z. Dippé, helped to usher in a new age of computer-generated imagery with the CG dinosaurs of Jurassic Park (1993). Steven Spielberg had intended to use go-motion for the dinosaurs, but quickly changed his mind when shown a test of a CG T. rex (with Marin County as the backdrop).[citation needed]

Jurassic Park was the breakthrough that convinced George Lucas that technology had advanced enough to make the Star Wars prequels.[5] Director Peter Jackson was similarly inspired by the technical breakthroughs in Jurassic Park to begin planning and pre-production on the Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001-2003) and King Kong (2005).[6] Muren also contributed effects work on three Jurassic Park sequels: The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) and Jurassic World (2015) and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018).

In June 1999, Muren was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the first visual effects artist to be so recognized.[3] He has also been a recipient of nine Academy Awards for Best Achievement in Visual Effects and a Technical Achievement Academy Award,[1] the most of any living movie-maker.

Muren continues to work as Senior Visual Effects Supervisor and Creative Director of Industrial Light & Magic.[1] He also consults for Pixar.

He has a small, non-speaking role in Raiders of the Lost Ark; he appeared as a Nazi spy who peers over a magazine as Indiana Jones (Harrison Ford) boards a passenger plane. Due to their similarity in facial appearance (despite great variation in height), this character is often mistaken for Major Toht (Ronald Lacey), the film's primary antagonist, but it has been confirmed that they are not the same. Muren also had a cameo in the theme-park attraction Star Tours.[7]

Muren is married to British documentary filmmaker and landscape architect Zara Muren, who directed Dream of The Sea Ranch, and they have two children together.[8] They currently live in California.[9]


Academy Awards for Best Visual Effects[edit]

Year Film Lead Visual Effects Artists
Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back Brian Johnson, Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, and Bruce Nicholson
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Carlo Rambaldi, Dennis Muren, and Kenneth F. Smith
Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Ken Ralston, and Phil Tippett
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Dennis Muren, Michael J. McAlister, Lorne Peterson, and George Gibbs
Innerspace Dennis Muren, William George, Harley Jessup, and Kenneth F. Smith
The Abyss John Bruno, Dennis Muren, Hoyt Yeatman, and Dennis Skotak
Terminator 2: Judgment Day Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Gene Warren Jr., and Robert Skotak
Jurassic Park Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Phil Tippett, and Michael Lantieri
The award was a Special Achievement Award instead of a competitive award.


  1. ^ a b c "Dennis Muren, A.S.C." Industrial Light & Magic. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
  2. ^ Dennis Muren Biography (1946-)
  3. ^ a b "Biographies: Dennis Muren | San Francisco ACM SIGGRAPH". Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  4. ^ Schmidlin, Charlie. "Discuss: Can Special Effects Still Impress? ILM Creative Director Dennis Muren Says They "Aren't Special Anymore" | IndieWire". Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  5. ^ Marcus Hearn (2005). "ILM and the Digital Revolution" The Cinema of George Lucas. New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc, Publishers. p. 174. ISBN 0-8109-4968-7.
  6. ^ Sibley, Brian (2006). Peter Jackson: A Film-maker's Journey. London: Harpercollins. p. 310. ISBN 0-00-717558-2.
  7. ^ "Dennis Muren: Looking Back – EndorExpress". Archived from the original on 2016-10-21. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
  8. ^ "DREAM OF THE SEA RANCH: ZARA MUREN". UC Berkeley College of Environmental Design. June 2016. Retrieved 20 October 2016.
  9. ^ "It Takes One: Zara Muren | The Cultural Landscape Foundation". Retrieved 2016-10-20.

External links[edit]