Dennis O'Neil

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Dennis O'Neil
O'Neil looking to the camera
O'Neil in 2012
BornDennis Joseph O'Neil
(1939-05-03)May 3, 1939
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
DiedJune 11, 2020(2020-06-11) (aged 81)
Nyack, New York, U.S.
Area(s)Writer, Editor
Pseudonym(s)Sergius O'Shaughnessy[1]
Jim Dennis[2]
Jeff Mundo[3]
Notable works
Batman (comic book), Green Lantern/Green Arrow, The Question, Iron Man, The Amazing Spider-Man, Daredevil
AwardsShazam Award (1970, 1971)

Dennis Joseph O'Neil[4] (May 3, 1939 – June 11, 2020)[5] was an American comic book writer and editor, principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics from the 1960s through the 1990s, and Group Editor for the Batman family of titles until his retirement.

His best-known works include Green Lantern/Green Arrow and Batman with Neal Adams. For Batman, the team are credited with returning the Batman character to his dark gothic roots, in contrast to the campy Batman television series of the 1960s. However, comics historian Les Daniels considers O'Neil's "vengeful obsessive-compulsive" Batman to be an original interpretation that has influenced all subsequent portrayals of the character. It was during this run that O'Neil co-created the Batman villains Ra's al Ghul and Talia al Ghul. During their Green Lantern/Green Arrow run, O'Neil and Adams introduced a mature, realistic tone through stories such as "Snowbirds Don't Fly", in which Green Arrow's young ward Roy "Speedy" Harper is revealed to have become addicted to drugs. They also created and introduced the Green Lantern character John Stewart in 1971.

As an editor, he is principally known for editing the various Batman titles beginning in 1986 after returning to DC. In 1989, O'Neil launched the Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight series, and was the writer for the "Shaman" and "Venom" stories. O'Neil led the Batman creative teams for the Batman: Knightfall (1993–1994) story arc. O'Neil co-created the antihero Azrael (Jean-Paul Valley) in 1992, who temporarily became the new Batman during Knightfall. After the storyline's conclusion, O'Neil was the writer for an Azrael monthly series that had 100 issues.

His other notable work includes creating Richard Dragon with Jim Berry, and runs on The Shadow with Michael Kaluta and The Question with Denys Cowan. While working for Marvel, O'Neil scripted issues for The Amazing Spider-Man, Iron Man, and Daredevil during the 1980s. In the late 1990s, O'Neil taught a comics writing course at Manhattan's School of Visual Arts. He also sat on the board of directors of the charity The Hero Initiative and served on its Disbursement Committee.[6]

Early life[edit]

O'Neil was born into an Irish Catholic household in St. Louis, Missouri on May 3, 1939.[4][7] On Sunday afternoons he would accompany his father or his grandfather to the store for some light groceries and an occasional comic book.[1] O'Neil graduated from Saint Louis University around the turn of the 1960s with a degree centered on English literature, creative writing, and philosophy. From there he joined the U.S. Navy just in time to participate in the blockade of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis.[1]



After leaving the Navy, O'Neil moved on to a job with a newspaper in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. O'Neil wrote bi-weekly columns for the youth page, and during the slow summer months he filled the space with a series on the revival of the comics industry.[8] This attracted the attention of Roy Thomas, who would eventually himself become one of the great names in the history of the medium.[1]

Marvel Comics[edit]

When Roy Thomas left DC Comics to work for Stan Lee at Marvel Comics, he suggested that O'Neil take the Marvel writer's test, which involved adding dialogue to a wordless four-page excerpt of a Fantastic Four comic. O'Neil's entry resulted in Lee offering O'Neil a job.[1] O'Neil had never considered writing for comics, and later said he'd done the test "kind of as a joke. I had a couple of hours on a Tuesday afternoon, so instead of doing crossword puzzles, I did the writer's test."[8] He had intended to only work in the comics industry for six months to make some extra money, but soon found enjoyment from creating comic book scripts, and abandoned his plans to move back to the Midwest to be a journalist.[9]

When Marvel's expansion made it impossible for Lee to continue writing the company's entire line of books, Lee passed as much on to Roy Thomas as he could, but still needed writers, so O'Neil took the reins for a short-term run of Doctor Strange stories in Strange Tales, penning six issues.[10] He also wrote dialog for such titles as Rawhide Kid and Millie the Model,[11] as well as scripting the final 13 pages of Daredevil #18 over a plot by Lee, when Lee went on vacation.[12]

O'Neil and artist Neal Adams revived the Professor X character in X-Men #65[13] in one of the creative team's earliest collaborations.[14]

Charlton Comics[edit]

The available jobs writing for Marvel petered out fairly quickly, and O'Neil took a job with Charlton Comics under the pseudonym of Sergius O'Shaugnessy.[1] There he received regular work for a year and a half from Charlton's editor Dick Giordano.[1]

DC Comics[edit]

In 1968, Dick Giordano was offered an editorial position at DC Comics and took a number of Charlton freelancers with him, including O'Neil.[15]

Speedy's habit revealed. Art by Dick Dillin.

O'Neil's first assignments involved two strategies for bolstering DC's sales. One approach centered on the creation of new characters, and O'Neil scripted several issues of Beware the Creeper, a series starring a new hero, the Creeper, created by artist Steve Ditko. From there, DC moved O'Neil to Wonder Woman and Justice League of America. With artist Mike Sekowsky, he took away Wonder Woman's powers,[16] exiled her from the Amazon community, and set her off, uncostumed, into international intrigues with her blind mentor, I Ching. These changes did not sit well with Wonder Woman's older fans, particularly feminists, and O'Neil later acknowledged that de-powering DC's most well-known superheroine had unintentionally alienated readers.[17] In Justice League, he had more success, introducing into that title the first socially and politically themed stories, setting the stage for later work on Green Lantern/Green Arrow.[1] He and artist Dick Dillin made several changes to the membership of the JLA by removing founding members the Martian Manhunter and Wonder Woman.[18]

Following the lead set by Bob Haney and Neal Adams in a Brave and the Bold story that visually redefined Green Arrow into the version that appeared in comics between 1969 and 1986, O'Neil stripped him of his wealth and playboy status, making him an urban hero. This redefinition would culminate in the character that appeared in Green Lantern/Green Arrow (with many stories also drawn by Adams), a socially conscious, left-wing creation that effectively took over Green Lantern's book to use him as a foil and straw man in sounding out the political concepts that would define that work.[1][19] It was during this period that the most famous Green Arrow story appeared, in Green Lantern #85–86 ("Snowbirds Don't Fly"), when it was revealed that Green Arrow's ward Speedy was addicted to heroin.[20][21] As a result of his work on Green Lantern and Green Arrow, O'Neil recounted, "I went from total obscurity to seeing my name featured in The New York Times and being invited to do talk shows. It's by no means an unmixed blessing. That messed up my head pretty thoroughly for a couple of years. ... Deteriorating marriage, bad habits, deteriorating relationships with human beings – with anything that wasn't a typewriter, in fact. It was a bad few years there."[8] O'Neil and Adams also created the Green Lantern character John Stewart, who debuted in Green Lantern vol. 2 #87 (December 1971/January 1972).[22]

O'Neil's 1970s run on the Batman titles, under the direction of editor Julius Schwartz,[23] is perhaps his best-known endeavor, getting back to the character's darker roots after a period dominated by the campiness of the 1960s TV series.[24] Comics historian Les Daniels observed that "O'Neil's interpretation of Batman as a vengeful obsessive-compulsive, which he modestly describes as a return to the roots, was actually an act of creative imagination that has influenced every subsequent version of the Dark Knight."[25] O'Neil and Adams' creation Ra's al Ghul was introduced in the story "Daughter of the Demon" in Batman #232 (June 1971).[26] O'Neil and artist Bob Brown also created Talia al Ghul.[27] During this period, O'Neil frequently teamed up with his regular collaborator Adams (with Giordano often assisting on inks) on a number of memorable issues of both Batman and Detective Comics. The creative team would revive Two-Face in "Half an Evil" in Batman #234 (Aug. 1971)[28] and revitalize the Joker in "The Joker's Five-Way Revenge!" in Batman #251 (Sept. 1973), a landmark story bringing the character back to his roots as a homicidal maniac who murders people on a whim and delights in his mayhem.[29][30] O'Neil and Giordano created the Batman supporting character Leslie Thompkins in the story "There Is No Hope in Crime Alley" in Detective Comics #457 (March 1976).[31] O'Neil and artist Don Newton killed the original version of Batwoman in Detective Comics #485 (Aug.–Sept. 1979).[32] He wrote a short Christmas story, "Wanted: Santa Claus – Dead or Alive", for DC Special Series #21 (Spring 1980) which featured Frank Miller's first art on a Batman story.[33]

When Julius Schwartz became the editor of Superman with issue #233 (Jan. 1971), he had O'Neil and artist Curt Swan streamline the Superman mythos, starting with the elimination of kryptonite.[34] In 1973, O'Neil wrote revivals of two characters for which DC had recently acquired the publishing rights. A new series featuring the original Captain Marvel was launched with a February cover date and featured art by the character's original artist C. C. Beck.[35] Later that same year, O'Neil and artist Michael Kaluta produced an "atmospheric interpretation" of the 1930s pulp hero in The Shadow series.[36] In 1975, O'Neil wrote a comic book adaptation of the 1930s hero the Avenger.[37] A revival of the Green Lantern title in 1976 was launched by O'Neil and artist Mike Grell.[38] Reuniting with Adams, O'Neil co-wrote the oversize Superman vs. Muhammad Ali (1978) which Adams has called a personal favorite of their collaborations.[39]

Return to Marvel Comics[edit]

Upon O'Neil's return to Marvel Comics in 1980, he took on the scripting chores for The Amazing Spider-Man, which he did for a year. O'Neil wrote two issues of The Amazing Spider-Man Annual which were both drawn by Frank Miller. The 1980 Annual featured a team-up with Doctor Strange[40] while the 1981 Annual showcased a meeting with the Punisher.[41] He and artist John Romita Jr. introduced Madame Web in The Amazing Spider-Man #210[42] and Hydro-Man in #212.[43] O'Neil was the regular scripter for Iron Man from 1982 to 1986 and Daredevil from 1983 to 1985. During his run on Iron Man, O'Neil introduced Obadiah Stane, later the Iron Monger, plunged Tony Stark back into alcoholism, turned Jim Rhodes into Iron Man,[44] and created the Silver Centurion armor. O'Neil's run on Daredevil bridged the gap between Frank Miller's two runs on the title, usually with David Mazzucchelli as artist. He introduced Yuriko Oyama during his stint, who would later become the popular X-Men villain Lady Deathstrike.[11] While working for Marvel, he helped write the original character concept for The Transformers, and is credited as the person who named Optimus Prime.[45][46]

Return to DC Comics[edit]

After returning to DC Comics in 1986, he became the editor of the various Batman titles and served in that capacity until 2000.[47] In February 1987, O'Neil began writing The Question ongoing series which was primarily drawn by Denys Cowan.[48] Between the years of 1988 and 1990, O'Neil would return to Green Arrow writing the Annuals alongside the main title. Because he was also in charge of The Question, he would appear in all three Annuals that he wrote. The Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight series began in 1989 with the five-part "Shaman" storyline by O'Neil and artist Ed Hannigan.[49] The series was the first new Batman title in almost fifty years, and the first issue sold almost a million copies.[50] Armageddon 2001 was a 1991 crossover event storyline. It ran through a self-titled two-issue limited series and most of the Annuals DC published that year from May through October. Each participating annual explored potential possible futures for its main characters. The series was written by O'Neil and Archie Goodwin and drawn by Dan Jurgens.[51] He and artist Joe Quesada created the character Azrael, who was introduced in the four-issue miniseries Batman: Sword of Azrael in 1992.[52] That same year, O'Neil wrote the Batman: Birth of the Demon hardcover graphic novel.[53] Another DC one-shot issue that O'Neil wrote in 1992 was Batman/Green Arrow: The Poison Tomorrow.[54]

Azrael temporarily assumed the role of Batman during Knightfall. Art by Joe Quesada.

O'Neil led the Batman creative teams for the Batman: Knightfall (1993–1994) story arc, during which Azrael temporarily became the new Batman. In 1994, O'Neil wrote a novelization of Knightfall. In the opening of the novelization, O'Neil stated that part of the reason "Knightfall" was written was due to the recent popularity of more "ruthless" heroes such as the Terminator and James Bond in films, as editors were starting to wonder if readers would prefer a Batman who was willing to kill his opponents.[55]

After the conclusion of Knightfall, O'Neil wrote the 100-issue Azrael comic series, chronicling Valley's battles against the Order of St. Dumas, between 1995 and 2003. O'Neil modeled the series on Arthurian legends, comparing Azrael's quest to discover the truth about himself to the Holy Grail.[56] The series was originally intended to conclude with Azrael's death. However, after O'Neil suffered a heart attack in September 2002, editor Mike Carlin decided it wouldn't be appropriate to have a character O'Neil created be killed off. O'Neil instead left Azrael's fate vague, preferring to let readers decide what happened to him.[57]

Other writing[edit]

O'Neil wrote several novels, comics, short stories, reviews and teleplays, including the novelizations of the films Batman Begins[58] and The Dark Knight.[59] Under the pseudonym Jim Dennis with writer Jim Berry,[2] O'Neil scripted a series of novels about a kung fu character named Richard Dragon, and later adapted those novels to comic book form for DC.[2][60]

O'Neil wrote a four-part column series for Marvel's 1978 The Hulk! magazine, under the pseudonym Jeff Mundo. "Jeff Mundo's Dark Corners" ran from issue #21 through issue #24 and covered various pop culture topics.[3]

O'Neil wrote a column for ComicMix.[61]


Joining Marvel's editorial staff in 1980, O'Neil edited Daredevil during Frank Miller's run as writer/artist.[1] He fired writer Roger McKenzie so that Miller could both write and pencil Daredevil, a decision which then-Marvel editor-in-chief Jim Shooter says saved the series from cancellation.[62] O'Neil encouraged Miller to develop a believable fighting style for Daredevil, and according to Miller, this directly led to his incorporating martial arts into Daredevil and later Ronin.[63] In the early to mid-1980s, O'Neil edited such Marvel titles as Alpha Flight, Power Man and Iron Fist, G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero, and Moon Knight.[64]

According to Bob Budiansky, O'Neil came up with the name for the Transformer Optimus Prime, leader of the Autobots.[45]

In 1986, O'Neil moved over to DC as an editor, becoming group editor for the company's Batman titles.[47] Speaking about his role in the death of character Jason Todd, O'Neil remarked:

It changed my mind about what I do for a living. Superman and Batman have been in continuous publication for over half a century, and it's never been true of any fictional construct before. These characters have a lot more weight than the hero of a popular sitcom that lasts maybe four years. They have become postindustrial folklore, and part of this job is to be the custodian of folk figures. Everybody on Earth knows Batman and Robin.[65]

O'Neil said that he saw editing as a support role which should be invisible to the reader, and that if it were his choice his name would not appear in the credits when working as an editor, only when working as a writer.[8]


After graduating college, O'Neil taught English in the St. Louis public school system for one year.[9] O'Neil spent several years in the late 1990s teaching a Writing for the Comics course at Manhattan's School of Visual Arts, sometimes sharing duties with fellow comic book writer John Ostrander.[66]

Personal life[edit]

O'Neil was married to Marifran O'Neil, until her death.[67] He was the father of writer/director/producer Lawrence "Larry" O'Neil, best known for the 1997 film Breast Men starring David Schwimmer.[68]

He died of cardiopulmonary arrest on June 11, 2020, at the age of 81.[4][69] The animated feature Batman: Soul of the Dragon was dedicated in his memory.[70] Larry O'Neil wrote a wordless tribute to his father, called "Tap Tap Tap," which was illustrated by Jorge Fornés and published in the Green Arrow 80th Anniversary 100-Page Super Spectacular #1 (August 2021).[71]


O'Neil's work won him a great deal of recognition in the comics industry, including the Shazam Awards for Best Continuing Feature Green Lantern/Green Arrow,[72] Best Individual Story for "No Evil Shall Escape My Sight" in Green Lantern #76 (with Neal Adams),[72] for Best Writer (Dramatic Division) in 1970[72] for Green Lantern, Batman, Superman, and other titles, and Best Individual Story for "Snowbirds Don't Fly" in Green Lantern #85 (with Adams) in 1971.[73]

O'Neil was given a Goethe Award in 1971 for "Favorite Pro Writer"[74] and was a nominee for the same award in 1973. He shared a 1971 Goethe Award with artist Neal Adams for "Favorite Comic-Book Story" for "No Evil Shall Escape My Sight."[75]

O'Neil received an Inkpot Award in 1981[76] and in 1985, DC Comics named O'Neil as one of the honorees in the company's 50th anniversary publication Fifty Who Made DC Great.[77]

Appearances in media[edit]

In The Batman Adventures—the first DC Comics spinoff of Batman: The Animated Series—a caricature of O'Neil appears as The Perfesser, one of a screwball trio of incompetent supervillains that also includes the Mastermind (a caricature of Mike Carlin) and Mr. Nice (a caricature of Archie Goodwin). The Perfesser is depicted as a tall, pipe-smoking genius who often gets lost in his own thoughts.[78][79]

In 2013, O'Neil was among the comic book writers interviewed in the PBS documentary Superheroes: A Never-Ending Battle.


Comic books[edit]

Charlton Comics[edit]

DC Comics[edit]

Marvel Comics[edit]

Graphic novels[edit]

  • The Shadow "1941": Hitler's Astrologer – with Michael Kaluta and Russ Heath 1988
  • Batman: Birth of the Demon – 1992
  • Green Lantern/Green Arrow Vol. 1: Hard-Traveling Heroes – 1992
  • Batman: Shaman – 1993
  • Batman: Venom – 1993, 2012
  • Green Lantern/Green Arrow Vol. 2: More Hard-Traveling Heroes – 1993
  • Batman: Sword of Azrael – 1993
  • Batman: Bloodstorm – 1995
  • Batman: Death of Innocents: the Horror of Landmines – 1996
  • Batman in the Seventies – 2000
  • The Green Lantern/Green Arrow Collection – 2000
  • The Deadman Collection – 2001
  • Batman: The Ring, the Arrow, and the Bat – 2003
  • Green Lantern/Green Arrow Collection Volume 1 – 2004
  • Green Lantern/Green Arrow Collection Volume 2 – 2005
  • Green Lantern: Hero's Quest – 2005
  • Green Lantern/Green Arrow – 2012


  • The IconoclastsFantastic Stories, ed. Ted White, Ultimate Publishing, 1971
  • "Report on a Broken Bridge" – Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, December 1971
  • After They've Seen PareeGeneration, ed. David Gerrold, Dell, 1972
  • "The Elseones" – The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, February 1972
  • "Mister Cherubim" – Fantastic, June 1972
  • "Noonday Devil" – Saving Worlds, eds. Roger Elwood and Virginia Kidd, Doubleday, 1973
  • "Devil Night" – Haunt of Horror, August 1973
  • "Annie Mae: A Love Story" – The Far Side of Time, ed. Roger Elwood, Dodd Mead, 1974
  • "There Are No Yesterdays!" – Unknown Worlds of Science Fiction March 1975
  • "Sister Mary Talks to the Girls Sodality" – Harpoon Magazine, January 1975
  • "The Killing of Mother Corn" – The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, February 1975
  • "Father Flotsky" – Apple Pie Magazine, May 1975
  • "Alias the Last Resort" – Best Detective Stories of the Year, ed. Hubin, 1975
  • "Adam and No Eve" (with Alfred Bester) – Unknown Worlds of Science Fiction, March 1975
  • "Wave By" – The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, September 1980
  • "Bicycle Superhero"- Superheroes, ed. John Varley, Ace Fantasy, 1995


  • The Bite of Monsters – Belmont, 1971
  • Dragon's FistsRichard Dragon, Kung Fu Master with Jim Berry, 1974
  • Secret Origins of the Super DC Heroes – Crown Publishing Group, April 1976[84]
  • The Super ComicsScholastic Book Services 1981
  • Batman: Knightfall – 1994[85]
  • Green Lantern: Hero's Quest – 2005[86]
  • Batman Begins – 2005[58]
  • DC Universe: Helltown – 2006[87]
  • The Dark Knight – 2008[59]


  • The DC Comics Guide To Writing Comics, Watson-Guptill, May 2001[88] ISBN 0-823010-27-9
  • Batman Unauthorized: Vigilantes, Jokers, and Heroes in Gotham City, SmartPop series, Benbella Books, March 2008 (editor)[89] ISBN 1-933771-30-5

Essays, reviews and interviews[edit]

  • The Lurker in the Family Room – The Haunt of Horror, June 1973
  • Review of Will Eisner's "A Contract With God" – Comics Journal #46, May 1979
  • Interview w/ Samuel R. DelanyComics Journal #48, Summer 1979
  • The Super Comics – 1980
  • Article on Garry Trudeau/Doonesbury – Comics Journal #63, Summer 1981
  • Forum & Interview w/ Gil KaneComics Journal #64 July 1981
  • The Man of Steel and Me – Superman at 50, 1987
  • Martial Arts – Superman & Batman Magazine #1, with Marifran O'Neil, Summer 1993
  • Comics 101/Classes 1 & 2 – Write Now! #3, March 2003
  • Comics 101/Classes 3 & 4 – Write Now! #4, May 2003
  • Comics 101/Classes 5 & 6 – Write Now! #5, August 2003
  • "Introduction" to Superhero: The Secret Origin of a Genre by Peter Coogan (MonkeyBrain Books) (July 25, 2006)


Animated film[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Talent Pool 19 – Denny O'Neil". Talent Pool. December 1999. Archived from the original on December 28, 2005.
  2. ^ a b c Beatty, Scott. "Dragon, Richard", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia (New York: Dorling Kindersley, 2008), ISBN 0-7566-4119-5
  3. ^ a b "GCD :: Issue :: Hulk #21".
  4. ^ a b c Sandomir, Richard (June 18, 2020). "Denny O'Neil, Writer Who Left His Mark on Batman, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  5. ^ Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Iola, Wisconsin. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
  6. ^ "Hero Initiative Board Members Disbursement Committee". The Hero Initiative. 2013. Archived from the original on June 21, 2013.
  7. ^ "CCI: Spotlight on Dennis O'Neil". Comic Book Resources. August 1, 2010. Retrieved June 19, 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Zimmerman, Dwight Jon (August 1986). "Denny O'Neil". Comics Interview. No. 35. Fictioneer Books. pp. 22–37.
  9. ^ a b Groth, Gary (June 24, 2020). "RATIONALITY AND RELEVANCE: DENNIS O'NEIL". The Comics Journal. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  10. ^ Kane, Gil; Groth, Gary (January 24, 2018). Sparring with Gil Kane: Colloquies on Comic Art and Aesthetics. Fantagraphics Books. ISBN 9781683960713.
  11. ^ a b Arvedon, Jon (June 12, 2020). "Denny O'Neil, One of Comics' Most Influential Writers, Has Died". CBR. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  12. ^ Fingeroth, Danny; Lee, Stan (2011). The Stan Lee Universe. TwoMorrows Publishing. ISBN 9781605490298.
  13. ^ Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, eds. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 145. ISBN 978-0756641238. Writer Dennis O'Neil revealed that it was not Xavier who had perished but a shape-shifter called the Changeling... This epic tale provided an appropriately grand finale for the work of legendary artist Neal Adams.
  14. ^ Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams collaborations at the Grand Comics Database
  15. ^ "Contributors: Dick Giordano". The New Teen Titans Archives, Volume 1. New York, New York: DC Comics. 1999. ISBN 978-1563894855.
  16. ^ McAvennie, Michael (2010). "1960s". In Dolan, Hannah (ed.). DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. Carmine Infantino wanted to rejuvenate what had been perceived as a tired Wonder Woman, so he assigned writer Denny O'Neil and artist Mike Sekowsky to convert the Amazon Princess into a secret agent. Wonder Woman was made over into an Emma Peel type and what followed was arguably the most controversial period in the hero's history.
  17. ^ Mangels, Andy (August 2006). "Catsuits and Karate: Diana Prince Leaves Wonder Woman Behind!". Back Issue! (17). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing: 35–43.
  18. ^ McAvennie "1960s" in Dolan, p. 133 "In less than a year on the Justice League of America series, scribe Denny O'Neil and artist Dick Dillin had made major changes to the team. Two issues after Wonder Woman left the JLA, the Martian Manhunter did the same."
  19. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 139 "Real-world politics have always gone hand-in-hand with comics and their creators' own personal perspectives. Yet this was never more creatively expressed than when writer Denny O'Neil and artist Neal Adams paired the liberal Green Arrow with the conservative Green Lantern."
  20. ^ Greenberger, Robert (2008). "Green Arrow". In Dougall, Alastair (ed.). The DC Comics Encyclopedia. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. pp. 142–143. ISBN 978-0-7566-4119-1.
  21. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 146 "It was taboo to depict drugs in comics, even in ways that openly condemned their use. However, writer Denny O'Neil and artist Neal Adams collaborated on an unforgettable two-part arc that brought the issue directly into Green Arrow's home, and demonstrated the power comics had to affect change and perception."
  22. ^ Cowsill, Alan; Irvine, Alex; Korte, Steve; Manning, Matt; Wiacek, Win; Wilson, Sven (2016). The DC Comics Encyclopedia: The Definitive Guide to the Characters of the DC Universe. DK Publishing. p. 288. ISBN 978-1-4654-5357-0.
  23. ^ Greenberger, Robert; Manning, Matthew K. (2009). The Batman Vault: A Museum-in-a-Book with Rare Collectibles from the Batcave. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Running Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-7624-3663-7. Editor Julius Schwartz had decided to darken the character's world to further distance him from the camp environment created by the 1966 ABC show. Bringing in the talented O'Neil as well as the innovative Frank Robbins and showcasing the art of rising star Neal Adams...Schwartz pointed Batman in a new and darker direction, a path the character still continues on to this day.
  24. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 143 "Artist Neal Adams and writer Denny O'Neil rescued Batman from the cozy, campy cul-de-sac he had been consigned to in the 1960s and returned the Dark Knight to his roots as a haunted crime fighter."
  25. ^ Daniels, Les (1995). "Revamping the Classics The Old Guard Gets a New Look". DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. p. 157. ISBN 0821220764.
  26. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 145: "Writer Denny O'Neil once stated that he and artist Neal Adams 'set out to consciously and deliberately to create a exotic and mysterious that neither we nor Batman were sure what to expect.' Who they came up with was arguably Batman's most cunning adversary: the global eco-terrorist named Ra's al Ghul."
  27. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 145 "Before Batman first encountered one of his greatest adversaries, Ra's al Ghul, he met his daughter, the lovely but lethal Talia [in a story by] writer Denny O'Neil and artist Bob Brown."
  28. ^ Manning, Matthew K. (2014). "1970s". In Dougall, Alastair (ed.). Batman: A Visual History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 111. ISBN 978-1465424563. Two-Face was reintroduced for the Bronze Age in this collaboration by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams.
  29. ^ Greenberger and Manning, p. 161 and 163 "In 1973, O'Neil alongside frequent collaborator Neal Adams forged the landmark 'The Joker's Five-Way Revenge' in Batman #251, in which the Clown Prince of Crime returned to his murderous ways, killing his victims with his trademark Joker venom and taking much delight from their sufferings."
  30. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 156: "After decades as an irritating prankster, Batman's greatest enemy re-established himself as a homicidal harlequin in this issue...this classic tale by writer Denny O'Neil and artist Neal Adams introduced a dynamic that remains to this day: the Joker's dependence on Batman as his only worthy opponent."
  31. ^ Greenberger and Manning, p. 30: "It was Dick Giordano who, among many other similar feats, drew the March 1976 fan-favorite issue #457 of Detective Comics to illustrate the fabled Denny O'Neil yarn 'There is No Hope in Crime Alley'."
  32. ^ Manning "1970s" in Dougall (2014), p. 131: "The original female counterpart to Batman, Batwoman Kathy Kane was seemingly this issue's lead feature written by Dennis O'Neal and illustrated by Don Newton."
  33. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall (2014), p. 136: "One of the most important creators ever to work on Batman, writer/artist Frank Miller drew his first Bstman story in this issue. While it featured five self-contained tales, the story 'Wanted: Santa Claus – Dead or Alive', written by Denny O'Neil and penciled by Miller was the standout."
  34. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 144 "New editor Julius Schwartz, new scripter Denny O'Neil, and regular artist Curt Swan removed the Man of Steel's greatest weakness from the face of the Earth."
  35. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 155 Shazam! #1 (Feb. 1973) "In 1972, DC acquired the rights to Captain Marvel and in 1973 they launched the series Shazam!, which re-established the Captain Marvel mythos." " Responsible for resurrecting the lightning-charged champion, writer Denny O'Neil and original artist C. C. Beck together explained Cap's absence."
  36. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 157 The Shadow #1 (Oct.–Nov. 1973) "Writer Denny O'Neil and artist Mike Kaluta presented their atmospheric interpretation of writer Walter B. Gibson's pulp-fiction mystery man of the 1930s."
  37. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 163 "DC again translated pulp fiction into comics with a revival of the icy-eyed 1930s hero, the Avenger. Writer Denny O'Neil and artist Al McWilliams adapted the novel Justice, Inc. by "Kenneth Robeson" (a.k.a. writer Paul Ernst)."
  38. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 171 "After a four-year hiatus, Green Lantern's ongoing series made a triumphant return to DC's publishing schedule...Returning writer Denny O'Neil partnered himself with artist Mike Grell, choosing to focus the title on sci-fi and super-heroics."
  39. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 178: "Writer/artist Neal Adams proclaimed that Superman vs. Muhammad Ali was "the best comic book" he and co-writer Denny O'Neil had ever produced."
  40. ^ Manning, Matthew K. (2012). "1980s". In Gilbert, Laura (ed.). Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 114. ISBN 978-0756692360. Writer Denny O'Neil and artist Frank Miller...used their considerable talents in this rare collaboration that teamed two other legends – Dr. Strange and Spider-Man.
  41. ^ Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 120: "Writer Denny O'Neil teamed with artist Frank Miller to concoct a Spider-Man annual that played to both their strengths. Miller and O'Neil seemed to flourish in the gritty world of street crime so tackling a Spider/Punisher fight was a natural choice."
  42. ^ Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 116: "Writer Denny O'Neil's newest contribution to the Spider-Man mythos would come in the form of psychic Madame Web, a character introduced with the help of artist John Romita, Jr."
  43. ^ Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 118: "In this issue, award-winning writer Denny O'Neil, with collaborator John Romita Jr., introduced Hydro-Man."
  44. ^ DeFalco, Tom "1980s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 211: "Jim was the natural choice to replace [Stark] as Iron Man when Tony's problem's with alcohol prevented him from doing the job. Jim continued in his role until The Invincible Iron Man #199 (Oct. 1985)."
  45. ^ a b Cronin, Brian (October 12, 2006). "Comic Book Urban Legends Revealed #72". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on October 9, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2013. Give Denny O'Neil credit for that. He started it by naming Optimus Prime. Generally, Hasbro wanted more literal names for most of the toys, but for some of the really major toys, they preferred names with more grandeur to them.
  46. ^ Segal, Stephen (June 12, 2020). "Denny O'Neil (1939–2020), Batman & Green Arrow writer, godfather of Optimus Prime". Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  47. ^ a b Dennis O'Neil (editor) at the Grand Comics Database
  48. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 227 "Formerly part of the Charlton Comics line, the Question carved his mysterious niche into the DC Universe with the help of writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Denys Cowan."
  49. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 241: "Written by Dennis O'Neil with art by Edward Hannigan, 'Shaman' helped jump-start this popular new title."
  50. ^ Brunsdale, Mitzi M. (2010). Icons of Mystery and Crime Detection: From Sleuths to Superheroes. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-313-34530-2.
  51. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 250: "Armageddon 2001 was the DC Comics event of the summer...Written by Archie Goodwin and Denny O'Neil, and drawn by penciler Dan Jurgens."
  52. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 255: "Azrael, one of the most important characters of the modern Batman mythos, was dropped right under the noses of an unsuspecting reading populace in the debut issue of Batman: Sword of Azrael by esteemed bat-scribe Denny O'Neil, talented young penciler Joe Quesada, and inker extraordinaire Kevin Nowlan."
  53. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dougall (2014), p. 198: "The third and final installment of the Ra's al Ghul hardcover trilogy arrived in this origin volume by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Norm Breyfogle."
  54. ^ Batman / Green Arrow: The Poison Tomorrow at the Grand Comics Database
  55. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (1994). Batman: Knightfall. Bantam Books. p. xviii. ISBN 0-553-09673-7.
  56. ^ Smith, Michael R. (October 1994). "DC's Killer Angel". Previews Magazine. Vol. IV, no. 10.
  57. ^ Cronin, Brian (December 13, 2013). "Comic Book Legends Revealed #449". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on July 4, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  58. ^ a b O'Neil, Dennis (2005). Batman Begins. New York, New York: Del Rey Books. ISBN 0-345-47946-7.
  59. ^ a b O'Neil, Dennis (2008). The Dark Knight. New York, New York: Berkley Books. ISBN 978-0-425-22286-7.
  60. ^ McAvennie "1970s" in Dolan, p. 163 "Richard Dragon, Kung-Fu Fighter was based on the 1974 novel Dragon's Fists by "Jim Dennis" (the shared pseudonym of comic book writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Jim Berry)."
  61. ^ Dennis O'Neil at ComicsMix
  62. ^ Mithra, Kuljit (July 1998). "Interview With Jim Shooter". Archived from the original on March 21, 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  63. ^ Kraft, David Anthony; Salicup, Jim (April 1983). "Frank Miller's Ronin". Comics Interview. No. 2. Fictioneer Books. pp. 8, 13.
  64. ^ Shooter, Jim. "Bullpen Bulletins," Marvel comics cover-dated November 1983.
  65. ^ Daniels "Who Killed Robin" p. 201
  66. ^ Frishberg, Hannah (June 12, 2020). "Denny O'Neil, 'Batman' writer and comic book legend, dead at 81". New York Post. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  67. ^ David, Peter (December 25, 1998). "Con Voyage to Mexico City" Comics Buyer's Guide #1310. Reprinted at, June 24, 2013.
  68. ^ "An Exclusive Interview with Dean 'Dino' Haspiel, Rock Star in Cartoonist's Clothing". October 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007.
  69. ^ Arrant, Chris (June 12, 2020). "Legendary Batman writer, Denny O'Neil dies at age 81". GamesRadar+. Archived from the original on June 13, 2020. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  70. ^ Greif, Coby (February 4, 2021). "10 Things To Know Before Watching Batman: Soul Of The Dragon". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on February 5, 2021. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  71. ^ Cronin, Brian (June 1, 2021). "Denny O'Neil's Son Previews His Upcoming DC Comic Tribute to His Late Father". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on June 1, 2021. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
  72. ^ a b c Wells, John (December 2010). "Green Lantern/Green Arrow: And Through Them Change an Industry". Back Issue! (45). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing: 39–54.
  73. ^ "1971 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013.
  74. ^ Bails, Jerry (n.d.). "O'Neil, Denny". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928–1999. Archived from the original on October 17, 2016.
  75. ^ "Adams, Neal |". Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  76. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012.
  77. ^ Marx, Barry, Cavalieri, Joey and Hill, Thomas (w), Petruccio, Steven (a), Marx, Barry (ed). "Denny O'Neil The Emergence of Relevance" Fifty Who Made DC Great, p. 39 (1985). DC Comics.
  78. ^ Arndt, Richard (2018). ""Nice" is the Word: Archie Goodwin". Back Issue. No. 103. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 19.
  79. ^ Cronin, Brian (January 9, 2016). "Meta-Messages: A Heartfelt Bat-Tribute to a Legendary Comic Book Editor". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  80. ^ O'Neil, Dennis; Damaggio, Rodolfo; Sienkiewicz, Bill; Garrahy, Pat (1997). The Official Comic Adaptation of the Warner Bros. Motion Picture Batman & Robin. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1-56389-306-3.
  81. ^ O'Neil, Dennis; Dutkiewicz, Michal; Hanna, Scott (1995). Batman Forever: The Official Comic Adaptation of the Warner Bros. Motion Picture. DC Comics. ISBN 1-56389-199-9.
  82. ^ O'Neil, Dennis; Erwin, Steve (1992). Batman Returns. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1-56389-064-2.
  83. ^ a b c d e Gonzalez, Umberto (June 12, 2020). "Iconic 'Batman' Writer Denny O'Neil Dies at 81". TheWrap. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  84. ^ Secret Origins of the Super DC Heroes. Harmony Books. 1976. ISBN 978-0517524893.
  85. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (1994). Batman : Knightfall. Bantam Books. ISBN 0553096737.
  86. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (2005). Green Lantern: Hero's Quest. Pocket Star Books. ISBN 978-0-7434-1712-9.
  87. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (2006). Helltown. Warner Books. ISBN 978-0-446-61658-4.
  88. ^ O'Neil, Dennis (2001). The DC Comics Guide to Writing Comics. Watson-Guptill. ISBN 0823010279.
  89. ^ O'Neil, Dennis, ed. (2008). Batman Unauthorized : Vigilantes, Jokers, and Heroes in Gotham City. BenBella Books. ISBN 978-1933771304.
  90. ^ "Finding Aid for the Bob Jeffords papers, 1971-1998". Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  91. ^ Murray, Noel (March 29, 2016). "In the 1980s, G.I. Joe fought "Cobra" instead of communism (but also communism)". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
  92. ^ Muir, John Kenneth (2008). The Encyclopedia of Superheroes on Film and Television, 2d ed. McFarland. p. 506. ISBN 978-0-7864-3755-9.
  93. ^ a b Eury, Michael (September 2017). Back Issue #99. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 26.
  94. ^ Drumb, Cole (July 9, 2008). "On DVD: Batman: Gotham Knight". MTV News. Retrieved June 13, 2020.

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