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Dennis Hume Wrong
|Died||November 8, 2018 (aged 94)|
Westford, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Employer||New York University|
|Spouse(s)||Elaine Gale Wrong (divorced)|
|Children||1 child; 2 stepchildren|
Wrong was the author of several books, including two essay collections containing articles first published in cultural, intellectual, political and scholarly journals in the United States, Canada, and Britain.
Dennis was the son of Humphrey Hume Wrong and Mary Joyce (Hutton) Wrong. First studying in Toronto, his father was a diplomat in Washington and Geneva where Dennis’s study continued. He harvested wheat during WWII and earned a bachelor’s degree from University of Toronto in 1945. During graduate study at Columbia University he was influenced by C. Wright Mills and Robert K. Merton, gaining the Ph.D. in 1956. He lived in Greenwich Village, NYC, socializing with novelists. In the considerations of socialization, Dennis Wrong believed the observance of norms noted by Talcott Parsons was a concept of oversocialization. His 1961 essay on the topic was widely noted and Wrong expanded the essay to a book in 1976.
He taught sociology at Princeton University, Rutgers, Brown University, the University of Toronto, the New School for Social Research Graduate Faculty, and for most of his career at New York University. Wrong was a permanent editor at Dissent (magazine).
The Dennis Wrong Award is given for the best graduate paper of the year by New York University's sociology department.
Wrong is best known for a 1961 article, "The Oversocialized Conception of Man in Modern Sociology." This summarized his critique of the limitations of structural functionalism employed by Talcott Parsons.
In 1968 Wrong began to write on power (social and political) with a contribution to American Journal of Sociology. The article argued that power is not asymmetrical except in cases of physical violence. It distinguished power from control and potential from possible powers. He cited Bertrand Russell (1938) Power: a new social analysis and Nelson W. Polsby (1963) Community Power and Social Theory.
In 1979, he published Power: its forms, bases, and uses which was widely reviewed. For example, Jennie M. Hornosty criticized the book for its lack of discussion of class conflict, digression into peripheral issues, and weakness on the social-structural variants of power.
Michael Mann criticized it for incompleteness, though he praised the first 159 pages. In Mann's view Wrong's view descends into an analysis of aggregates of individuals at the end. He expected more description of the complex and interpenetrating relations between classes, states, churches, communities, and bureaucracies.
Wrong described his 1994 book The Problem of Order as "a sequel to, or enlargement upon" his 1961 article. The book considers a number of theorists and writers, including Hobbes, Rousseau, Freud, and Parsons. In his discussion of Freud and in particular Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents, Wrong observes that one may "accept the substance of Freud's emphasis on conflict and ambivalence" while rejecting some of Freud's formulations in Civilization about "nature" versus "culture." Nature and culture are both "riven with conflicts that cut across one another, so the simple dichotomy of nature versus culture so often represented as the essence of Freud's social theory is not tenable."
In his book Power... Wrong argued:
It has been argued that, like "freedom" or "justice" – those "big words which make us so unhappy", as Stephen Dedalus called them – "power" is an "essentially contested concept", meaning that people with different values and beliefs are bound to disagree over its nature and definition. It is claimed therefore that there cannot be any commonly accepted or even preferred meaning so long as people differ on normative issues as they are likely to do indefinitely, if not forever. "Power", however, does not seem to me to be an inherently normative concept. [...] its scope and pervasiveness, its involvement in any and all spheres of social life, give it almost unavoidable evaluative overtones. Positive or negative, benign or malign, auras come to envelop it, linking it still more closely to ideological controversy. Yet power as a generic attribute of social life is surely more like the concepts of "society", "group" or "social norm" than like such essentially and inescapably normative notions as "justice", "democracy" or "human rights". (Wrong 2002: viii)
- The Persistence of the Particular, 2005
- Reflections on a Politically Skeptical Era, 2003, Transaction Publishers
- The Oversocialized Conception of Man, 1999, Transaction Publishers 
- The Modern Condition: Essays at Century’s End, 1998, Stanford UP
- The Problem of Order: What Unites and Divides Society, 1995
- Power: Its Forms, Bases and Uses, 1995,1980 Transaction Publishers 
- Skeptical Sociology, 1976
- Makers of Modern Social Science: Max Weber, 1970
- Readings in Introductory Sociology,
- 1961: "The Oversocialized Conception of Man in Modern Sociology", American Sociological Review 26(2): 183–193)
- Zero-sum game - a concept discussed in "Power..."
- "Emeritus Faculty | Sociology | New York University". Sociology.fas.nyu.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-16.
- Wrong, Dennis H. "United States Public Records, 1970-2009". FamilySearch. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
- The New York Times (November 11, 2018) Dennis Wrong Dead
- "Departmental Awards". New York University. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
- D. Wrong (1968) "Some problems in defining social power", American Journal of Sociology 73(6): 673–81
- Jennie M. Hornosty (1981) Canadian Journal of Sociology 6(2)
- Michael Mann (1983) American Journal of Sociology 88(5): 1030–2
- D. Wrong, The Problem of Order, The Free Press/Macmillan, 1994, p.ix.
- Ibid., p.153.
- Ibid., p.155.
- Power: Its Forms, Bases, and Uses (Google eBook). Google, Transaction Publishers. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- Dennis Wrong Papers at New York University Archives