Zeitlin in 2000
|Born||April 10, 1938|
|Origin||Chicago, Illinois, U.S.|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, clinical professor of psychiatry|
|Associated acts||Denny Zeitlin Trio|
Denny Zeitlin (born 10 April 1938 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American jazz pianist and composer, and a clinical professor of psychiatry at University of California, San Francisco. Since 1963, he has recorded more than 35 albums, including more than 100 original compositions, and was a first-place winner in the Down Beat International Jazz Critics' Poll in 1965 and 1974. He also composed the original soundtrack for the 1978 science-fiction horror film Invasion of the Body Snatchers. In 2014, JazzTimes contributor Andrew Gilbert wrote that "by any measure, Zeitlin's creative output over the past 50 years places him at jazz's creative zenith."
Zeitlin grew up in the Chicago suburb of Highland Park. He began improvising on the piano at the age of two and was composing before elementary school. His father was a radiologist who played piano by ear. His mother was a speech pathologist and his first piano teacher. He began formal study in classical music at the age of six, switching to jazz in the eighth grade. In high school, he played professionally in and around Chicago, and by college at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, was playing with Ira Sullivan, Johnny Griffin, Wes Montgomery, Joe Farrell, Wilbur Ware, and Bob Cranshaw, among others. Mentors included pianist Billy Taylor and George Russell, while pianist Bill Evans, an early supporter, frequently recorded Zeitlin's composition "Quiet Now" and made it the title track of a 1970 album.
Signed by Columbia Records's John Hammond, Zeitlin began his recording career in 1963 while studying medicine at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, debuting as the featured pianist on the Jeremy Steig album Flute Fever, which also featured Ben Riley and Ben Tucker. Four Denny Zeitlin Trio albums for Columbia followed in the period through 1967. Trio members included Charlie Haden and Jerry Granelli. Zeitlin moved to San Francisco in 1964 to intern at the University of California, San Francisco, followed by a psychiatric residency.
Jazz critic Leonard Feather called Zeitlin "the most versatile young pianist to come to prominence in the early 1960s". Reflecting on Zeitlin's Columbia period, jazz historian Ted Gioia wrote that the pianist "had assimilated the breakthroughs of the previous decade, from the impressionism of Bill Evans to the free-fall explorations of Ornette Coleman, and blended them into a personal style that anticipated the next fifteen years of keyboard advances. He stood out from the crowd for the unbridled creativity of his work, the richness of his harmonic palette, and the sheer beauty of his piano tone".
Between 1968 and 1978, Zeitlin integrated electronic keyboards, synthesizers, and sound-altering devices with acoustic instruments, working in multiple musical genres. The results were first heard in 1969 when Zeitlin composed and performed music for the "Jazzy Spies" sequences on the first season of Sesame Street, featuring vocal overdubs by Grace Slick. The following year, he released Expansion, a trio album with George Marsh and Mel Graves, which Down Beat magazine awarded its highest rating. The period culminated with Zeitlin's writing the score for the 1978 remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers, which turned out to be his only film score, despite numerous subsequent offers, because of the extreme workload of many 20-plus-hour days. While New Yorker film critic Pauline Kael thought the music occasionally overpowered the action, she called the score "generally dazzling" and a large contributor to both the humor and terror of the film.
Beginning in 1978, Zeitlin focused primarily on acoustic music, continuing to play concerts internationally and recording some 22 albums. His projects included the solo album Soundings, the duo album Time Remembers One Time Once with Charlie Haden, and Denny Zeitlin Trio in Concert with bassist Buster Williams and drummer Matt Wilson. Zeitlin continued to draw strong reviews. Critic Doug Ramsey wrote that "Trio in Concert", released in 2009, "catches Dr. Zeitlin, at age 70, in his musical prime and his trio afire". In 2013, at the age of 75, Zeitlin released Both/And, a solo electro-acoustic effort recorded in his home studio using four electric keyboards and a Steinway piano.
Since 1968, Zeitlin has been on the teaching faculty at the University of California, San Francisco, where he is clinical professor of psychiatry. He has a private practice in San Francisco and Marin County. He had a 30-year mentorship with psychoanalyst Joseph Weiss, founder of Control Mastery Theory. Zeitlin has combined his two disciplines in a lecture and workshop entitled "Unlocking the Creative Impulse: The Psychology of Improvisation".
In comparing his two careers, Zeitlin has said it would be a mistake to think that psychiatry served merely to support his passion for music, when in fact he has a passion for both. "In each setting, communication is utterly paramount. There has to be a depth of empathy that allows you to really inhabit the other person's world. It comes out as a collaborative journey in both settings."
- 1964 Cathexis
- 1964 Carnival
- 1965 Live at the Trident
- 1967 Zeitgeist
- 1970 & 1973 Expansion
- 1977 Syzygy
- 1978 Soundings
- 1978 Invasion of the Body Snatchers
- 1984 Tidal Wave
- 1986 Homecoming
- 1988 Trio
- 1989 In the Moment
- 1993 Live at Maybeck Recital Hall
- 1998 As Long As There's Music
- 2004 Slickrock
- 2005 Solo Voyage
- 2009 The Columbia Studio Trio Sessions
- 2009 Trio in Concert
- 2010 Precipice
- 2011 Labyrinth
- 2012 Wherever You Are – Midnight Moods for Solo Piano
- 2013 Both/And
- 2018 Wishing on the Moon
As co-leader with David Friesen
- 1992 In Concert
- 1995 Live at Maybeck Recital Hall, Concord Duo Series, Vol. 8
- 1999 Live at the Jazz Bakery
As co-leader with David Grisman
- 2001 New River
As co-leader with Charlie Haden
- Time Remembers One Time Once (ECM, 1983)
As featured artist
- 1963 Jeremy Steig: Flute Fever (Columbia)
- 1983 Bill Evans: A Tribute
- 1983 Conrad Silvert Presents Jazz at the Opera House
- 1989 David Friesen: Other Times, Other Places
- 1993 David Friesen: Two for the Show
- 1996 Jazz Celebration: A Tribute to Carl Jefferson
- 1999 David Grisman: Dawg Duos
- Gilbert, Andreew (January–February 2014). "Denny Zeitlin: Of solo Piano, Psychology & Body Snatchers". JazzTimes.
- "Doctor Jazz". Newsweek. September 27, 1965. p. 94.
- Jerry, Karp (December 12, 2004). "Jazz Musical Doctor's Medicine". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
- "Denny Zeitlin bio" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Ramsey, Doug (March 11, 2009). "A Psychiatrist's Alter Ego: Noted Jazzman". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Feather, Leonard (1966). The Encyclopedia of Jazz in the Sixties. New York: Horizon Press.
- Gioia, Ted (November 21, 2007). "Denny Zeitlin: My Shining Hour". Archived from the original on July 26, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Down Beat, January 31, 1974.
- "Denny Zeitlin: Invasion of the Body Snatchers". YouTube video of Zeitlin describing his score.
- Kael, Pauline (1994). For Keeps: 30 Years at the Movies. New York: E.P. Dutton. p. 811.
- Wilson, David McKay (April 2007). "The Merger State". Johns Hopkins Magazine. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "Jazz Pianist & Psychiatrist Denny Zeitlin On The Psychology of Improvisation". Keyboard Magazine. October 1984. pp. 25, 30–35.
- Scheinin, Richard (2 December 2013). "Pianist Zeitlin marks first album's 50th anniversary". The Mercury News. Retrieved 8 February 2018.