|Motto: Puradhipa Bhara Bhavana
(The Capital Supports The Country)
Location in Bali
|Settled||27 February 1788|
|• Mayor||I.B. Rai Dharmawijaya Mantra|
|• Total||123.98 km2 (47.87 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
|Area code(s)||+62 361|
Denpasar (Indonesian: Kota Denpasar, Indonesian pronunciation: [denˈpasar]) is the capital of Bali. Situated on the Bali island, it is known worldwide as a major tourist destination, and is the main gateway to Bali. The city is also a hub for other cities in the Lesser Sunda Islands.
With the rapid growth of the tourism industry in Bali, Denpasar has encouraged and promoted business activities and ventures, contributing to it having the highest growth rate in Bali Province. The population of Denpasar was 834,881 in 2012, up from 788,445 at the 2010 Census. The surrounding metropolitan area has roughly 2 million residents. The municipality's area extent, population, and density are similar to San Francisco.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demography
- 5 Administration
- 6 Economy
- 7 Architecture
- 8 Tourism
- 9 Education
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Sport
- 12 Culture and Sights
- 13 Sister cities
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 External links
The name Denpasar - from the Balinese words "den", meaning north, and "pasar", meaning market - indicates the city's origins as a market-town, on the site of what is now Kumbasari Market (formerly "Peken Payuk"), in the northern part of the modern city.
In the 18th and 19th century, Denpasar functioned as the capital of the Hindu Majapahit Kingdom of Badung. Thus, the city was formerly called Badung. The royal palace was looted and razed during the Dutch intervention in 1906. A statue in Taman Puputan (Denpasar's central square) commemorates the 1906 Puputan, in which as many as a thousand Balinese, including the King and his court, committed mass suicide in front of invading Dutch troops, rather than surrender to them.
Both Denpasar and Badung Regency have experienced rapid physical, economic, social and cultural growth. Denpasar has become not only the seat of government, but also the centre of commerce, education, industry, and tourism.
Average population growth of 4.05% per annum, accompanied by rapid development, led to a variety of urban problems. It was resolved that meeting the needs and demands of the burgeoning urban community would best be addressed by giving Denpasar administrative independence from Badung Regency. Agreement was reached to raise the status of Denpasar to that of an autonomous City, and on 15 January 1992, Act No. 1 of 1992 officially established the City of Denpasar. It was inaugurated by the Minister of Home Affairs on 27 February 1992.
On 16 November 2009, in a further administrative realignment, Regulation Number 67 shifted the capital of Badung Regency from Denpasar to Mangupura.
Denpasar is located at a height of 0-75 mdpl. While the total area of 127.78 km² or 2.18% of the total area of Bali Province. From the use of land, 2,768 hectares of land are paddy, 10,001 hectares are dry land, while the remaining land area is 9 hectares.
Badung River divides Denpasar, after which the river empties into the Gulf of Benoa.
Denpasar, located just south of the equator, has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification Aw), with hot and humid weather. Due to this there is little temperature change throughout the year. Unlike many cities outside Indonesia with this climate, there is very little seasonal temperature change, with temperatures averaging about 28 degrees Celsius. The year is divided into two seasons: wet and dry. The wet season lasts roughly from November to April, while the dry season lasts from May to October. The temperatures are not extreme, but the heat, combined with the oppressive humidity and copious precipitation, makes the climate very uncomfortable at times.
|Climate data for Denpasar, Bali|
|Average high °C (°F)||33.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||28.6
|Average low °C (°F)||24.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||345
|Average precipitation days||19||17||14||10||6||5||4||3||2||6||11||17||114|
|Average relative humidity (%)||85||85||85||85||80||80||80||80||80||80||85||85||82.5|
The city's population was counted as 788,445 in 2010, up from 533,252 in the previous decade. The provincial website lists the June 2012 population at 834,881.
Denpasar's population grew about 4% per year in the period from 2000 to 2010, Denpasar grew much faster from 2005 to 2010 than in the previous five years. The lingering effects of the 2002 Bali bombings had a major depressive effect on tourism, jobs, and immigration from other islands. However, if current trends continue, Denpasar is expected to easily surpass a million residents by the next census. There are about 4.57% more men than women in Denpasar.
Administratively, the city government consists of 4 districts, subdivided into 43 sub-districts with 209 villages. Currently the City of Denpasar has developed numerous measures to improve service to the people.
- Denpasar Selatan (South Denpasar) 244,851
- Denpasar Timur (East Denpasar) 138,404
- Denpasar Barat (West Denpasar) 229,435
- Denpasar Utara (North Denpasar) 175,899
Greater Denpasar spills out into the tourist regions, including Kuta and Ubud. The continuous built-up area includes nearly all of Badung Regency (except Petang District), all but one of Gianyar Regency (Payangan District). Indonesia defined Metropolitan Denpasar as Sarbagita an acronym for Denpa"Sar"+"BA"dung+"GI"anyar+"TA"banan, with Presidential Regulation Number 45 Year 2011, despite Tabanan just beginning to succumb to urban sprawl. See also List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia.
density (per km2)
Also boosting the economy of Denpasar is the production of craft items such as souvenir carvings and sculpture. The craft industry, however, is experiencing stress, due to the impact of global financial crises and competition from other Asian developing countries such as Vietnam, Thailand, India, Malaysia and China. These competitor countries maximize the scale of production by utilizing industrial technology, while at Denpasar the craft industry remains focused on traditional skills and hand-made goods, limiting the quantity of production.
The real Bali was known for its mud walls and thatched gates. However, gated residential developments and shop houses now characterize urban Bali.
During the late 19th century, the built environment was being constructed based on the political situation of the city. This resulted in the residence of the ruling family becoming the center of the city. Market squares played an important role in the Badung kingdom, and it continued to do so when the colonial powers came to exert control over Bali. Over the course of the 20th century, Denpasar faced the challenges of changing urban landscapes brought about by political changes. The developments that were brought about by the colonial powers were regarded as eroding the indigenous culture of Bali. Although Denpasar became known as a ‘settler city’, there was still a strong attachment to the indigenous culture.
Denpasar has undergone massive unplanned developments during the 21st century, due to the expansion of tourism that has led to the construction of increasingly more modern facilities in the heart of the city. Nonetheless, the market square still plays an important role, with its façade representing traditional elements of the Balinese culture.
Denpasar has various attractions. The white sandy beaches are well-known all over the island. The surfing beach is Serangan Island. Sanur beach has calmer waters and is excellent for sunbathing and kitesurfing.
Ten minutes from the Ngurah Rai International Airport lies the town of Kuta. Kuta is where most of the hotels, restaurants, malls, cafes, marketplaces, and spas that cater to tourists are located. In the Denpasar area, all kinds of Balinese handicrafts are represented in local shops. These include artwork, pottery, textiles, and silver.
|This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2015)|
Denpasar has several notable universities and institutions. Some of them are
- Udayana University
- Warmadewa University
- University of National Education
- Dwijendra University
- Mahasaraswati University of Denpasar
- Indonesian Institute of the Arts, Denpasar
Means of transport in the city of Denpasar, especially for urban transportation is starting to be ineffective and inefficient, until the year 2010 only 30% are still in operation, along with the lack of interest of people to use public transport services, which estimated that only about 3% of the total population. While the growth of private vehicle ownership continues to increase to 11% per year and is not comparable with the construction of new roads. Congestion in the city of Denpasar is unavoidable due to this reason.
Since August 2011, the city has operated a bus rapid transit system called Trans Sarbagita. Two main routes and some feeder lines are operated daily from 5 a.m. until 9 p.m. There is no particular lane for the buses, they run on main streets. In 2012 an average of 2800 passengers per day used the service.
Two major improvements of the road system were accomplished in 2013. In August, the underpass at the Dewa Ruci intersection was opened. It is slightly beyond the bounds of Denpasar but was co-financed by the town because of the expected positive effects on traffic in Denpasar.
Then the four-lane Bali Mandara Toll Road was opened on 1 October, connecting Benoa Harbor, Ngurah Rai Airport and Nusa Dua.
Culture and Sights
While arts and culture in the city of Denpasar are largely synonymous with that of Hindu art and culture, there has also been a high level of interaction with other cultures that accompanied the arrival of visitors from all walks of life. Traditional values inspired by Hindu religious rituals still strongly influence the city.
Traditional Balinese culture is still deeply rooted in the city of Denpasar. Bali Adat may include values, norms and behavior in society based on patrilineal kinship systems. However, over time many of the customary laws have been disputed by people, especially regarding matters of gender and inheritance.
Denpasar has various sights to offer:
- Pura Jagatnatha is the most important Hindu temple of Denpasar. It was built in 1953.
- Puri Pemecutan is the former royal palace of Denpasar, which was destroyed in a fire during the Dutch intervention in Bali (1906). The palace was rebuilt in a comparatively modest style and can be visited.
- Pura Maospahit is a Hindu temple which was built in the 14th century and heavily damaged by an earthquake in 1917 and rebuilt afterwards. The temple houses two impressive statues of Garuda and Batara Bayu, a mystic giant.
- St. Joseph Church is a Roman Catholic church built in a Hindu style.
The Bali Museum features Balinese art and history. The museum is built in the traditional Balinese style. There are four main buildings inside the museum, each with their own unique specialization of exhibits.
Bali Museum, inside courtyards and gates, seen from the belvedere
Denpasar is twinned with:
- Palembang, Indonesia
- Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico
- Gran Canaria, Spain
- Phuket, Thailand
- Haikou, China PR
- George Town, Malaysia
- :BPS Provinsi Bali:
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