Dent de Crolles
|Dent de Crolles|
|Elevation||2,062 m (6,765 ft)|
|Prominence||690 m (2,260 ft)|
|Parent range||Chartreuse Mountains|
|Easiest route||From the Col du Coq|
The Dent de Crolles (French pronunciation: [dɑ̃ də kʁɔl]) is a karstic mountain (2,062 m) of the Chartreuse Mountains range, 17 kilometres (11 miles) north east of Grenoble, Isère, France. It has a characteristic "tooth-like" profile and is easily recognizable in the Isère Valley (Grésivaudan) in the Grenoble area. The French word "dent" means tooth and "de Crolles" is derived from the town of Crolles, located next to the mountain.
The Dent de Crolles is a karstic mountain (2,062 m) of the Chartreuse Mountains range, 17 kilometres (11 miles) north east of Grenoble, Isère, France. The French word "dent" means tooth and "de Crolles" is derived from the town of Crolles, located next to the mountain. It is easily recognizable in the Val-d´Isère (Grésivaudan) in the Grenoble area.
The réseau de la Dent de Crolles, which lies beneath the summit plateau, is one of the most complex and longest cave systems in Europe, and is considered[according to whom?] to be one of the birth places of modern caving. Its first detailed exploration was during World War II by a small team of French cavers which included Pierre Chevalier, Fernand Petzl, and Charles Petit-Didier. Their explorations saw it become the deepest cave in the world at the time with a depth of −658 m (−2,159 ft). The lack of available equipment during the war forced the team to develop their own equipment, leading to technical innovation. The first use of the single rope technique with prusik and mechanical rope-ascenders (Henri Brenot's "monkeys", first used by Chevalier and Brenot in a cave in 1934) can be directly associated with its exploration.
Since 1946, the cave has undergone intense and continuous exploration. As of 2021, thirteen separate entrances have been discovered. The highest is the Gouffre Bob Vouay at an altitude of 2,022 metres (6,634 ft) located close to the summit, and the lowest is the main resurgence, the Grotte du Guiers Mort at an altitude of 1,322 metres (4,337 ft), giving a depth of 690 metres (2,260 ft). It is known to include more than 60 kilometres (37 mi) of passages. The cave system is popular for the various through trips that the various entrances allow.
Dent de Crolles shot from Biviers.
The Dent de Crolles taken from the summit of Chamechaude (south-west).
From the summit, a panorama of the Chartreuse massif: the Lances de Malissard overhanging the col de Bellefond.
Close up on Dent de Crolles and the French: Poussez Pas Derrière ascent route.
Entrance to the cave of Guiers Mort, the karst spring of the Dent de Crolles network.
On the cross-section are represented the main crossings: in light green Glaz-Annette, in dark green Glaz-Chevalier, in blue P40-Glaz, in orange Glaz-Guiers Mort, in blue Glaz-Guiers Mort by the river, in yellow Thérése-Guiers, in red Cartusiens-Guiers, in purple Pulpite Irreversible-Glaz. Other crossings can be made: Bob Vouay-Glaz or Guiers but they are not coloured.
Bibliography (in French)
- La Dent de Crolles et son réseau souterrain, Comité départemental de spéléologie de l'Isère, 1997, ISBN 2-902670-38-9 : "La Dent de Crolles et son réseau souterrain" (PDF).
References (in French)
- Site géologique
- Groupe Montagnard des Petites Roches : informations sur le site d'escalade du Luisset.
- escalade/ski/randonnée à la Dent de Crolles sur c2c
- Nouvelles topos de la dent de Crolles, Spéléo Secours Isère, 4 janvier 2015.
- "Dent de Crolles". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "The entrances of réseau de la Dent de Crolles". geoportail.gouv.fr..
- Charreton, Philippe. "Historique". Speleo Dent de Crolles. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
- Gardner, John. "Réseau de la Dent de Crolles". braemoor.co.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dent de Crolles.|