Denver International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Denver International Airport
Denver International Airport Logo.svg
Denver International Airport Feb 19 2021.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity & County of Denver Department of Aviation
ServesDenver, Front Range Urban Corridor
LocationNortheast Denver, Colorado, U.S.
OpenedFebruary 28, 1995 (26 years ago) (1995-02-28)
Hub for
Focus city forSouthwest Airlines
Elevation AMSL5,434 ft / 1,656 m
Coordinates39°51′42″N 104°40′23″W / 39.86167°N 104.67306°W / 39.86167; -104.67306
Websiteflydenver.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
7/25 12,000 3,658 Concrete
8/26 12,000 3,658 Concrete
16L/34R 12,000 3,658 Concrete
16R/34L 16,000 4,877 Concrete
17L/35R 12,000 3,658 Concrete
17R/35L 12,000 3,658 Concrete
Statistics (2020)
Passengers33,741,129
Aircraft operations442,571
Total cargo (lbs.)661,094,348
Economic impact (2018)$33.5 billion[1]
Source: Denver International Airport[2]

Denver International Airport (IATA: DEN, ICAO: KDEN, FAA LID: DEN), locally known as DIA, is an international airport in the Western United States, primarily serving metropolitan Denver, Colorado, as well as the greater Front Range Urban Corridor. At 33,531 acres (52.4 sq mi; 135.7 km2),[3] it is the largest airport in North America by land area and the second largest in the world, behind King Fahd International Airport.[4] Runway 16R/34L, with a length of 16,000 feet (3.03 mi; 4.88 km), is the longest public use runway in North America and the seventh longest in the world. The airport is 25 miles (40 km) driving distance from Downtown Denver,[5] 19 miles (31 km) further than the former Stapleton International Airport, the facility DIA replaced.[6]

Opened in 1995, DEN currently has non-stop service to 215 destinations amongst 23 different airlines throughout North America, Latin America, Europe, and Asia; it is the fourth airport in the U.S. to exceed 200 destinations.[7] The airport is a hub for both United Airlines and Frontier Airlines and is one of the largest operating bases for Southwest Airlines. With over 35,000 employees, the airport is the largest employer in Colorado. The airport is located on the western edge of the Great Plains and within sight of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains.

History[edit]

The Air Traffic Control Tower at Denver International Airport with a United Airlines Boeing 737-800 below.
The Air Traffic Control Tower and Concourse C at Denver International Airport with a United Airlines Boeing 737-800 taxiing below

Denver has traditionally been home to one of the busier airports in the United States because its midcontinent location was ideal for an airline hub. Several airlines, notably United Airlines and Continental Airlines were hubbed at the former Stapleton International Airport, helping make it the sixth-busiest airport in the country by the 1960s. But Stapleton was cramped, with little room to add additional flights and with runways too close together, leading to long waits in bad weather that would cause nationwide travel disruptions.[8]

From 1980 to 1983, the Denver Regional Council of Governments investigated areas for a new area airport north and east of Denver. Meanwhile in 1983, Federico Peña was elected mayor of Denver, campaigning on a plan to expand Stapleton onto Rocky Mountain Arsenal lands. The plan had broad support, but leaders in nearby Adams County threatened to sue over noise concerns.[8]

Eventually Peña struck a deal: Adams County leaders would rally citizens to back a plan for Denver to annex 54 square miles (140 km2) of the county to build an airport away from established neighborhoods. In 1988, Adams County voters approved the annexation. The proposal was met with some skepticism because of its location: 24 miles (39 km) from the heart of the city. But seeing the importance of a Denver air hub to the national transportation system, the federal government put $500 million (equivalent to $1 billion today) toward the new airport. The rest of the cost would be financed by bonds, to be repaid with fees on airlines.[8] Ground was broken in September 1989.

Two years later, Mayor Wellington Webb inherited the megaproject, which at that time was scheduled to open on October 29, 1993.[9] At the time United was refusing to move to the new airport over the high proposed fees. The airline finally relented under the condition that the airport include an automated baggage system.

Construction delays pushed opening day back, first to December 1993, then to March 1994. By September 1993, delays due to a millwright strike and other events meant opening day was pushed back again, to May 1994.

In April 1994, the city invited reporters to observe the first test of the new automated baggage system. Reporters were treated to scenes of clothing and other personal effects scattered beneath the system's tracks and carts that would often toss the luggage right off the system. After the embarrassing preview, the mayor cancelled the planned May opening. The baggage system continued to be a maintenance hassle and was finally terminated in September 2005, with traditional baggage handlers manually handling cargo and passenger luggage.[10]

DEN finally replaced Stapleton on February 28, 1995, 16 months behind schedule and at a cost of $4.8 billion (equivalent to $8.2 billion today),[11] nearly $2 billion over budget ($3.4 billion today).[6][12] The construction employed 11,000 workers.[13] United Airlines Flight 1062 to Kansas City International Airport was the first to depart DIA and United Flight 1474 from Colorado Springs Airport was the first to arrive at the new airport.[6]

In September 2003, runway 16R/34L was added, the airport's sixth and at 16,000 ft (3.0 mi; 4.9 km), it is 4,000 ft (0.76 mi; 1.2 km) longer than the other runways. Its length, exceeded by only six other runways in the world, allows fully-laden Airbus A380s and Boeing 747-8s to take off in the hot and high conditions at the airport, which is roughly 1 mi (1.6 km) above sea level.

During a blizzard on March 17–19, 2003, the weight of heavy snow tore a hole in the terminal's white fabric roof, and over 2 feet (0.61 m) of snow on paved areas closed the airport and its main access road (Peña Boulevard) for almost two days, stranding several thousand people.[14][15] Another blizzard on December 20–21, 2006, dumped over 20 inches (51 cm) of snow in about 24 hours. The airport was closed for more than 45 hours, stranding thousands.[16] Following this, the airport invested heavily in new snow-removal equipment that has led to a dramatic reduction in runway occupancy times to clear snow, down from an average of 45 minutes in 2006 to just 15 minutes in 2014.

After shunning DEN for over a decade due to high fees, Southwest Airlines entered the airport in January 2006 with 13 daily flights.[17] Southwest has since rapidly expanded and is now the airport's second-largest carrier after United.[18]

In the 2010s, a transit center and hotel were added to the main Jeppesen Terminal. The hotel opened on November 19, 2015 and on April 22, 2016, commuter rail trains started operating between the airport and Denver Union Station on RTD's A Line.

On September 9, 2015, a political campaign was launched by Mayor Michael Hancock to radically expand commercial development at DIA, previously prohibited by intergovernmental agreement between Denver and Adams County.[19] The changes to the agreement were approved by both Denver and Adams County voters in November 2015.[20]

In 2018, work began on a major interior renovation and reconfiguration including the beginning phases of construction to relocate two out of the three TSA security checkpoints from the Great Hall on Level 5 to Level 6 (East & West) while simultaneously updating and consolidating airline ticket counters/check-in for all airlines. Eventually, both pre- and post-security gathering and leisure areas will be incorporated into the spaces where both expansive TSA security areas on Level 5 are currently located. The third TSA security checkpoint currently accessible via the Concourse A bridge is expected to be removed. The renovation and reconfiguration will bring back the original intent and use of the Great Hall as a large commons area for airport patrons and visitors to enjoy. This phased terminal project is expected to be completed by 2025.[21]

Additionally, work is underway on expanding all three concourses, with 12 new gates being added to A (including several gates with direct access to U.S. Customs and Border Protection), 11 to B, and 16 to C for a total of 39 gates.[22] Following the completion of this project, United Airlines will lease 24 additional gates on both A and B (bringing its total gate count at DEN to around 90), as well as build a new United Club in A and expand their existing clubs in B.[23] Southwest Airlines will lease 16 of the new gates on C bringing its total gate count at DEN to 40.[24] When both the ongoing terminal and concourse projects are completed, the airport will be able to handle upwards of 90 million passengers per year.[25] In 2021, the Airport experienced a notable failure of the train system. In response, a request for information from the private sector was issued to analyze options to possibly supplement the train system in the future.[26]

Facilities[edit]

The pedestrian bridge connecting the Jeppesen Terminal with Concourse A
Concourse A expansion project under construction as of September 4, 2021
Concourse A gate expansion project under construction, September 4, 2021
Overhead view of the Concourse C train station

The airport is 25 miles (40 km) driving distance from Downtown Denver, which is 19 miles (31 km) farther away than Stapleton International Airport, the airport DIA replaced.[6] The distant location was chosen to avoid aircraft noise affecting developed areas, to accommodate a generous runway layout that would not be compromised by blizzards, and to allow for future expansion.

The 52.4 square miles (136 km2; 33,500 acres)[3] of land occupied by the airport is more than one and a half times the size of Manhattan (33.6 square miles or 87 square kilometres). DIA occupies the largest amount of commercial airport land area in North America, by a great extent. The land was transferred from Adams County to Denver after a 1989 vote,[27] increasing the city's size by 50 percent and bifurcating the western portion of the neighboring county. All freeway traffic accessing the airport from central Denver leaves the city and passes through Aurora for nearly two miles (3.2 km), making the airport a practical exclave. Similarly, the A Line rail service connecting the airport with downtown Denver has two intervening stations in Aurora.

Terminal[edit]

DIA has one terminal, named The Jeppesen Terminal after aviation safety pioneer Elrey Borge Jeppesen, and three midfield concourses, spaced far apart. The three midfield concourses have a total of 146 gates.[28] Concourse A is accessible via a pedestrian bridge directly from the terminal building, as well as via the underground train system that services all three concourses. For access to Concourses B and C, passengers must utilize the train. All international arrivals without border pre-clearance are processed in Concourse A; this concourse also has 4 3-jetway international gates that can support ADG Group VI aircraft such as an Airbus A380 and a Boeing 747-8, the two largest commercial aircraft in the world.

  • Concourse A has 51 gates, including several ground level boarding slips.[28]
  • Concourse B has 66 gates.[28]
  • Concourse C has 29 gates.[28]

United operates two United Clubs in Concourse B and will be opening one in Concourse A soon.[29] American Airlines and Delta Air Lines operate an Admirals Club and Sky Club respectively in Concourse A.[30][31] American Express operates a Centurion Lounge in Concourse C.[32]

Art and aesthetics[edit]

The Teflon-coated fiberglass roof of Denver International Airport resembles the Rocky Mountains.

The Jeppesen Terminal's internationally recognized peaked roof, designed by Fentress Bradburn Architects, resembles snow-capped mountains and evokes the early history of Colorado when Native American teepees were located across the Great Plains. The catenary steel cable system, similar to the Brooklyn Bridge design, supports the fabric roof. DIA is also known for a pedestrian bridge connecting the terminal to Concourse A that allows travelers to walk from the main Terminal to Concourse A, while viewing planes taxiing beneath them. It offers views of the Rocky Mountains to the west and the high plains to the east.

Both during construction and after opening, DIA has set aside a portion of its construction and operation budgets for art. The corridor from the main terminal and Concourse A frequently displays temporary art exhibits. A number of public artworks are present in the underground train that links the main terminal with concourses, including art pieces from the history of Colorado.

The airport features a bronze statue of Denver native Jack Swigert in Concourse B. Swigert flew on Apollo 13 as Command Module Pilot, and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1982, but died of cancer before he was sworn in. The statue is dressed in an A7L pressure suit, and is posed holding a gold-plated helmet. It is a duplicate of a statue placed at the United States Capitol in 1997.[33]

Denver International Airport has four murals, all of which have been the topic of conspiracy theorists and debate. The murals are ambiguous in meaning, depicting scenes including caged animals, fires, suffering people, and a soldier with a blade and a gas mask. They have been interpreted in the past by onlookers to represent war, hope, and even the New World Order.[34]

In March 2019, the airport unveiled an animated, talking gargoyle in the middle of one of the concourses. The gargoyle interacts with passengers and jokes about the supposed conspiracies connected to the airport.[35]

Blue Mustang, by El Paso-born artist Luis Jiménez, was one of the earliest public art commissions for Denver International Airport in 1993. The 32-foot-tall (9.8 m) sculpture is a bright blue cast-fiberglass sculpture of a horse with glowing red eyes located between the inbound and outbound lanes of Peña Boulevard.[36] Jiménez was killed in 2006 at age 65 while creating the sculpture when a part of it fell on him and severed an artery in his leg. At the time of his death, Jiménez had completed painting the head of the mustang. Blue Mustang was completed by others, and unveiled at the airport on February 11, 2008.[37] The statue has been the subject of considerable controversy, and has acquired the nickname Blucifer for its demonic appearance.[38][39] The sculpture has been defended and disparaged by many people.

Ground transportation[edit]

The Regional Transportation District (RTD) operates the A Line rail service between DIA and Denver Union Station in downtown Denver, making the 37 minute trip about every 15 minutes. RTD also operates an airport express bus service called skyRide between Arapahoe County or Boulder and DIA. There is also hourly service to Thornton on RTD route 104L, a limited stop bus. The airport is also served by two commuter routes with just a few runs per day: RTD route 145X to Brighton and 169L to Aurora.

Scheduled bus service is also available to points such as Fort Collins, and van services stretch into Nebraska, Wyoming, and Colorado summer and ski resort areas. Amtrak offers a Fly-Rail plan for ticketing with United Airlines for trips into scenic areas in the Western U.S. via a Denver stopover.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Aeroméxico Mexico City [40]
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson [41]
Air Canada Express Vancouver [41]
Air France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle [42]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage
[43]
Allegiant Air Cincinnati
Seasonal: Asheville, Knoxville, Peoria, Provo
[44]
American Airlines Austin (begins December 16, 2021)[45][46] Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor [47]
American Eagle Los Angeles [47]
Boutique Air Cortez, McCook [48]
British Airways London–Heathrow [49]
Cayman Airways Seasonal: Grand Cayman [50]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen [51]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston (begins July 11, 2022),[52] Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma [53]
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
Denver Air Connection Alliance, Clovis (NM), Pierre, Telluride (CO), Watertown (SD) [54]
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich [55]
Flair Airlines Toronto–Pearson (begins April 15, 2022)[56] [57]
Frontier Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Belize City (begins December 11, 2021),[58] Buffalo, Burbank, Cancún, Cozumel, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Greenville/Spartanburg, Harlingen, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Knoxville, Las Vegas, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Wichita
Seasonal: Albany, Anchorage, Baltimore, Billings, Bismarck, Bloomington/Normal, Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Branson, Burlington (VT), Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (SC), Detroit, Durango (CO), Fargo, Fort Myers, Fresno, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Green Bay, Hartford, Huntsville, Jackson (MS), Jackson Hole, Jacksonville (FL), Lafayette (LA), Missoula, Myrtle Beach, New York–LaGuardia, Palm Springs, Portland (ME), Puerto Vallarta, Santa Barbara, Savannah, Sioux Falls, Spokane, Syracuse, Tucson, Tulsa
[59]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík [60]
JetBlue Boston, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia [61]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich [62]
Southern Airways Express Chadron [63]
Southwest Airlines Albany, Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Birmingham (AL), Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Buffalo, Burbank, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Des Moines, Detroit, El Paso, Fort Lauderdale, Fresno, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Houston–Hobby, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Little Rock, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Louisville, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montrose, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County (CA), Orlando, Palm Springs, Panama City (FL), Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Santa Barbara, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Tampa, Tucson, Tulsa, Washington–Dulles, Wichita
Seasonal: Belize City, Charleston (SC), Cozumel (begins March 12, 2022),[64] Fort Myers, Midland/Odessa, Norfolk, Pensacola, Sarasota
[65]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–O'Hare, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Miami
Seasonal: Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul
[66]
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul [67]
United Airlines Albuquerque, Anchorage, Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Billings, Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Burbank, Calgary, Cancún, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Des Moines, Detroit, Eugene, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Fresno, Grand Rapids, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow (resumes March 4, 2022),[68] Los Angeles, Madison, Medford, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Missoula, Munich (begins April 23, 2022),[69] Nashville, Newark, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Rapid City, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José del Cabo, Santa Barbara, Seattle/Tacoma, Sioux Falls, Spokane, Tampa, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tulsa, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, Wichita
Seasonal: Belize City, Burlington (VT), Charlotte, Cozumel, Fairbanks, Hayden/Steamboat Springs (resumes December 16, 2021), Glacier Park/Kalispell, Gunnison/Crested Butte, Jackson Hole, Liberia (CR), Montrose (resumes December 16, 2021), Nassau, Palm Springs, Portland (ME), Redmond/Bend, Roatán (begins December 18, 2021),[70] San Jose (CR), Sarasota (resumes December 16, 2021), Tucson
[71]
United Express Alamosa, Albuquerque, Amarillo, Appleton, Aspen, Atlanta, Austin, Bakersfield, Billings, Birmingham (AL), Bismarck, Boise, Bozeman, Burbank, Butte (MT) (begins January 1, 2022),[72] Calgary, Casper, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cheyenne, Cody, Colorado Springs, Columbia (MO), Dallas/Fort Worth, Dayton, Des Moines, Devils Lake, Dickinson, Dodge City, Durango (CO), Eagle/Vail, Edmonton, El Paso, Eugene, Eureka, Fargo, Farmington, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Flagstaff, Fort Dodge, Fresno, Gillette, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Great Falls, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gunnison/Crested Butte, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Hays, Helena, Hobbs, Huntsville, Idaho Falls, Indianapolis, Jackson Hole, Jamestown (ND), Joplin, Kansas City, Kearney, Laramie, Lewiston,[73] Liberal, Lincoln, Little Rock, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Medford, Memphis, Midland/Odessa, Minot, Missoula, Moab, Monterey, Moline/Quad Cities, Montrose, Nashville, New Orleans, North Platte, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Palm Springs, Pierre (ends January 3, 2022),[74] Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Prescott, Pueblo, Rapid City, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Riverton, Rock Springs, Sacramento, St. George (UT), St. Louis, Salt Lake City, Salina, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose (CA), San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Fe, Santa Maria (CA), Santa Rosa, Savannah, Scottsbluff, Sheridan (WY), Shreveport, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, Spokane, Springfield/Branson, Syracuse, Toronto–Pearson, Tri-Cities (WA), Tucson, Tulsa, Twin Falls (ends November 30, 2021),[75] Vernal, Watertown (SD) (ends January 3, 2022),[74] Wichita, Williston (ND)
Seasonal: Bishop/Mammoth Lakes (begins December 16, 2021), Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Norfolk, North Bend/Coos Bay, Panama City (FL), Pensacola, Sarasota, Sun Valley, Traverse City, West Yellowstone
[71]
Volaris Chihuahua, Guadalajara, Mexico City [76]
WestJet Calgary [77]

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
AirNet Express Columbus–Rickenbacker
Amazon Air Cincinnati, Ontario
Bemidji Airlines Colby, Goodland, McCook, North Platte, Sidney, Trinidad
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Reno/Tahoe
FedEx Express Billings, Fort Worth/Alliance, Fresno, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Jose
Seasonal: Houston– Intercontinental
IAG Cargo London–Heathrow
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Munich
UPS Airlines Billings, Burbank, Chicago/Rockford, Everett, Louisville, Ontario, Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, Seattle–Boeing
Seasonal: Hartford

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from DEN (September 2020 – August 2021)[78]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 862,000 American, Frontier, Southwest, United
2 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 753,000 American, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
3 Las Vegas, Nevada 747,000 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
4 Los Angeles, California 705,000 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
5 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 677,000 American, Frontier, United
6 Atlanta, Georgia 687,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
7 Houston–Intercontinental, Texas 659,000 Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
8 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 613,000 Alaska, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, United
9 Salt Lake City, Utah 579,000 Delta, Frontier, Southwest, United
10 Orlando, Florida 554,000 Frontier, Southwest, United
Busiest international routes to and from DEN (2019)[79]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Cancún, Mexico 390,878 Frontier, Southwest, United
2 Frankfurt, Germany 317,172 Lufthansa, United
3 London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 299,941 British Airways, United
4 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 291,474 Air Canada, United
5 Vancouver, Canada 285,064 Air Canada, United
6 Calgary, Canada 241,869 Frontier, United, WestJet
7 Munich, Germany 170,603 Lufthansa
8 San José del Cabo, Mexico 153,094 Southwest, United
9 Puerto Vallarta, Mexico 149,977 Frontier, Southwest, United
10 Tokyo–Narita, Japan 136,698 United

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic at DEN airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic at DEN, 1995–present[80][81]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1995 31,067,498[a] 2005 43,387,369 2015 54,014,502
1996 32,296,174 2006 47,326,506 2016 58,266,515
1997 34,969,837 2007 49,863,352 2017 61,379,396
1998 36,831,400 2008 51,245,334 2018 64,494,613
1999 38,034,017 2009 50,167,485 2019 69,015,703
2000 38,751,687 2010 51,985,038 2020 33,741,129
2001 36,092,806 2011 52,849,132
2002 35,652,084 2012 53,156,278
2003 37,505,267 2013 52,556,359
2004 42,275,913 2014 53,472,514
  1. ^ Passenger totals for first two months of 1995 reflect operations at Stapleton International Airport.

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at DEN (June 2020 - May 2021)[82]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 United Airlines 15,712,702 40.75%
2 Southwest Airlines 12,465,574 32.33%
3 Frontier Airlines 5,499,203 14.26%
4 American Airlines 2,053,229 5.32%
5 Delta Air Lines 1,494,402 3.88%
6 Other 1,337,664 3.47%

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On September 5, 2001, a British Airways Boeing 777 caught on fire while it was being refueled at the gate. None of the deplaning passengers or crew were injured, but the refueler servicing the aircraft died from his injuries six days after the fire. The NTSB found that the accident occurred due to a failure of the aircraft's refueling ring when the fuel hose was disconnected at an improper angle.[83]
  • On February 16, 2007, 14 aircraft suffered windshield failures within a three-and-a-half-hour period at the airport. A total of 26 windshields on these aircraft failed. The NTSB opened an investigation, determining that foreign object damage was the cause, possibly the sharp sand used earlier that winter for traction purposes combined with wind gusts of 48 mph (77 km/h).[84]
  • The wreckage of Continental Airlines Flight 1404
    On December 20, 2008, a Continental Airlines Boeing 737-500 operating as Flight 1404 to Houston–Intercontinental Airport veered off the left side of runway 34R and caught fire during its takeoff roll at DIA. There was no snow or ice on the runway, however there were 31-knot (36 mph; 57 km/h) crosswinds at the time of the accident. On July 13, 2010, the NTSB published that the probable cause of this accident was the captain's cessation of right rudder input, which was needed to maintain directional control of the airplane. Of the 115 people on board, at least 38 sustained injuries, at least two critically.[85][86][87]
  • On April 3, 2012, an ExpressJet Embraer ERJ-145, registration N15973, operating as Flight UA/EV-5912 from Peoria, IL to Denver, was landing on 34R when the aircraft hit the approach lights and stopped on the runway. Smoke developed inside the aircraft and passengers were evacuated onto the runway. One passenger was taken to hospital for treatment of his injuries.[88]
  • On February 20, 2021, United Airlines Flight 328, a Boeing 777-200 that was on its way from Denver to Honolulu, Hawaii, suffered engine damage just after takeoff and had to return to Denver International Airport. Debris from the damaged engine fell on a neighborhood in Broomfield, a city near the airport. The damaged airplane landed safely on runway 26 and no injuries were reported.[89]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2013 Economic Impact Study for Colorado Airports (PDF) (Report). Colorado Department of Transportation, Division of Aeronautics. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
  2. ^ "Passenger Traffic Reports". Denver International Airport. Retrieved June 15, 2020.
  3. ^ a b FAA Airport Form 5010 for DEN PDF
  4. ^ "Denver Airport 2nd Largest In The World, Twice the Size of Manhattan". Industry Tap. August 26, 2013. Archived from the original on August 29, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
  5. ^ "Distance From Downtown Denver As Per MapQuest". MapQuest. Retrieved September 8, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c d "Finally, 16 Months Late, Denver Has a New Airport". The New York Times. March 1, 1995. Archived from the original on May 26, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2021.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ "Denver International Airport reaches milestone with 200 nonstop destinations". The Denver Post. August 22, 2018. Archived from the original on August 28, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Rubino, Joe (March 1, 2020). "Denver International Airport at 25: From boondoggle to boon". The Denver Post. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  9. ^ Metro Airport Study: Final Report. Denver Regional Council of Governments; Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co. 1983.
  10. ^ Johnson, Kirk (August 27, 2005). "Denver Airport Saw the Future. It Didn't Work". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 29, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  11. ^ "Denver International Airport Construction and Operating Costs". University of Colorado at Boulder Government Publications Library. July 5, 1997. Archived from the original on February 8, 2008. Retrieved February 1, 2008.
  12. ^ Eddy, Mark (February 28, 1995). "Denver International Airport officially opens for business". The Denver Post. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
  13. ^ Dear, Joseph A., Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health (April 11, 1995). Rocky Mountain Health & Safety Conference (Speech). John Q. Hammons Trade Center, Denver, Colorado. Archived from the original on August 13, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2008.
  14. ^ Hake, Tony. "This week in Denver weather history: March 11 to March 17". Examiner. AXS Digital Group. Denver International Airport was closed...stranding about 4000 travelers. The weight of the heavy snow caused a 40-foot gash in a portion of the tent roof...forcing the evacuation of that section of the main terminal building.
  15. ^ "DEN Evacuates Main Terminal For Fear Of Roof Collapse". KMGH-TV. Denver, Colorado. March 19, 2003. Archived from the original on August 17, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  16. ^ Sink, Mindy (December 22, 2006). "Thousands Stranded in Denver Airport and Environs After Blizzard". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  17. ^ "Southwest Airlines Begins Service in Denver, Announces Additional Flights and Destinations". Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  18. ^ "Southwest aims to add 16 gates and a host of new flights at Denver International Airport". Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  19. ^ "Yes on 1A for DEN – Not so fast". North Denver News. September 9, 2015. Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
  20. ^ "Denver Voters OK National Western DEN Ballot Measures". Colorado Statesman. Archived from the original on December 3, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  21. ^ "Denver council gives blessing to $2 billion city budget and $1.5 billion gate expansion at DIA". November 14, 2017. Archived from the original on November 14, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  22. ^ Riley, Cindy. "$1.5B Gate Expansion at Denver Intl. Under Way". Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  23. ^ "United Airlines gets approval for 24 new gates, upgraded clubs at DIA". Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  24. ^ "Southwest Airlines Set to Expand Denver Operations". Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  25. ^ Murray, Jon (August 1, 2017). "DIA prepares for 26-gate expansion blitz by hiring project manager". The Denver Post. Denver, Colorado. Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  26. ^ https://www.flydenver.com/sites/default/files/downloads/21-80%20-%20Train%20RFI.pdf
  27. ^ Goetz, Andrew R.; Szyliowicz, Joseph S. (1997). "Revisiting Transportation Planning and Decision Making Theory: The Case of Denver International Airport". Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 31 (4): 270. doi:10.1016/S0965-8564(96)00033-X.
  28. ^ a b c d "Denver Airport Terminal Map". Retrieved March 18, 2021.
  29. ^ "United Airlines gets approval for 24 new gates, upgraded clubs at DIA". Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  30. ^ "American Airlines Admirals Club at Denver". Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  31. ^ Black, Anthony. "Denver's new Delta Sky Club underscores market's importance". Delta News Hub. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  32. ^ "American Express opens 14th Centurion Lounge at Denver International Airport". January 29, 2021. Retrieved February 1, 2021.
  33. ^ "U.S. Capitol Visitor Center Statues". Visit the Capitol. United States Capitol. Archived from the original on October 17, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
  34. ^ Bailey, Cameron. "How D.I.A.'s Murals Feed Conspiracy Theorist". Uncover Colorado. Retrieved June 30, 2021.
  35. ^ Yasharoff, Hannah (March 1, 2019). "Talking gargoyle shocks travelers at Denver International Airport". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  36. ^ "Mustang". Denver International Airport. City & County of Denver Department of Aviation. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  37. ^ "Mustang/Mesteño by Luis Jiménez". City of Denver. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  38. ^ "Despite criticism, airport's 'Devil Horse' sculpture likely to stay". NBC News. March 4, 2013. Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
  39. ^ "Keep remarkable "Mustang" sculpture at DIA". The Denver Post. February 6, 2013. Archived from the original on August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
  40. ^ "Flight Schedule". Archived from the original on April 6, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  41. ^ a b "Flight Schedules". Air Canada. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  42. ^ "Air France Timetable". Air France. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  43. ^ Airlines, Alaska. "Flight Timetable". Alaska Airlines. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  44. ^ "Flight schedules and notifications". Archived from the original on February 24, 2011. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  45. ^ "American Airlines Adds New Flights To Its Austin 'Hub In All But The Name'". View From The Wing. September 1, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  46. ^ "Google Flights bookings". Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  47. ^ a b "Flight schedules and notifications". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  48. ^ "Route Map and Schedule". Archived from the original on December 5, 2016. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  49. ^ "Timetables". British Airways. Archived from the original on March 30, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  50. ^ "Flight Schedule". Archived from the original on August 28, 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  51. ^ "Flight Schedule". Archived from the original on August 10, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  52. ^ "Delta in Boston: New routes, new planes and more choice than ever". Delta News Hub. October 3, 2021.
  53. ^ "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  54. ^ "Destinations - Denver Air Connection". Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  55. ^ "Timetable". Archived from the original on January 14, 2018. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  56. ^ "Flair Airlines grows schedule in Canada and the US with four new aircraft". Globe Newswire. October 19, 2021.
  57. ^ "Where we fly". Flair Airlines. Archived from the original on October 19, 2021. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
  58. ^ "Frontier Airlines Announces 20 Nonstop Routes, Including 5 New Destinations". Frontier Airlines. July 27, 2021.
  59. ^ "Frontier". Archived from the original on September 12, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenville%E2%80%93Spartanburg_International_Airport?wprov=sfti1
  60. ^ "Flight Schedule". Icelandair. Archived from the original on November 16, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  61. ^ "JetBlue Airlines Timetable". Archived from the original on July 13, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  62. ^ "Timetable - Lufthansa Canada". Lufthansa. Archived from the original on November 9, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  63. ^ https://iflysouthern.com/
  64. ^ https://www.swamedia.com/releases/release-66d1c9ae7fd4aa2df09a33d5864c46ae-book-today-southwest-airlines-extends-flight-schedule-through-april-24-2022
  65. ^ "Check Flight Schedules". Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  66. ^ "Where We Fly". Spirit Airlines. Archived from the original on December 23, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  67. ^ "Travel Destinations". Sun Country Airlines. Archived from the original on March 21, 2019. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  68. ^ https://coloradosun.com/2021/10/15/united-denver-munich-tokyo-flights/
  69. ^ https://www.united.com/en-us/new-routes
  70. ^ https://www.bizjournals.com/denver/news/2021/09/02/united-airlines-denver-flight-roatan-honduras.html[bare URL]
  71. ^ a b "Timetable". Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  72. ^ https://www.flydenver.com/flights/new_service
  73. ^ "Lewiston Airport Announces United Airlines Flights to Denver Starting this October".
  74. ^ a b "Skywest to end services to Pierre, Watertown airports in 2022".
  75. ^ https://www.kmvt.com/app/2021/10/27/skywest-airlines-ends-flights-twin-falls-denver/
  76. ^ "Volaris Flight Schedule". Archived from the original on February 27, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  77. ^ "Flight schedules". Archived from the original on February 10, 2017. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  78. ^ "Denver, CO: Denver International (DEN)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
  79. ^ "International_Report_Passengers | Department of Transportation - Data Portal". data.transportation.gov. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  80. ^ "Passenger Traffic Reports". Denver International Airport. City & County of Denver Department of Aviation. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  81. ^ DENVER INTERNATIONAL TOTAL PASSENGERS BY AIRLINE DECEMBER 1996 AND YEAR TO DATE (PDF) (Report). p. 3. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  82. ^ "Passenger Traffic Reports | Denver International Airport". www.flydenver.com. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  83. ^ "NTSB Report DEN01FA157". National Transportation Safety Board. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  84. ^ "NTSB Report DEN07IA069". National Transportation Safety Board. June 27, 2007. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
  85. ^ Simpson, Kevin; Bunch, Joey; Pankratz, Howard (December 21, 2008). "Continental Jet Veers Off Runway on Takeoff, Slams into Ravine, Catches Fire". The Denver Post. p. A1. Archived from the original on October 2, 2018. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  86. ^ "Continental Flight Slides Off Runway; Dozens Injured". KUSA. December 21, 2008. Retrieved December 21, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  87. ^ "NTSB Begins Investigation into Why Plane Slid Off Runway". KUSA. December 21, 2008. Archived from the original on December 3, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2008.
  88. ^ Hradecky, Simon (April 3, 2012). "Accident: Expressjet E145 at Denver on Apr 3rd 2012, Smoke in Cockpit, Hard Short Landing". The Aviation Herald. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  89. ^ "Plane debris rains down on neighborhood after engine failure".

External links[edit]