Denver Museum of Nature and Science
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|Type||Natural History, Science|
|President||George Sparks |
The Denver Museum of Nature & Science is a municipal natural history and science museum in Denver, Colorado. It is a resource for informal science education in the Rocky Mountain region. A variety of exhibitions, programs, and activities help museum visitors learn about the natural history of Colorado, Earth, and the universe. The 716,000-square-foot (66,519 m2) building houses more than one million objects in its collections including natural history and anthropological materials, as well as archival and library resources.
The Museum is an independent, nonprofit institution with approximately 350 full-time and part-time staff, more than 1,800 volunteers, and a 25-member Board of Trustees. It is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums (AAM) and is a Smithsonian Institution Affiliate.
The Museum provides programming in six main areas. The exhibitions, IMAX films, lectures, classes, and programs pertain to one or more of the following core competencies:
More than 300,000 students and teachers visit the Museum with school groups each year. In addition, the Museum has science outreach programs and distance–learning opportunities for families, schools and surrounding communities. The Museum also offers teachers ongoing professional training workshops.
Founded in 1900, the Denver Museum of Nature & Science is located in Denver’s City Park and has views of Denver and the Rocky Mountains. The Museum has had three different names since it first opened: The Colorado Museum of Natural History, The Denver Museum of Natural History, and now the Denver Museum of Nature & Science.
The Museum traces its origins back to the efforts of one man, a pioneer naturalist named Edwin Carter who devoted his life to the scientific study of Colorado birds, mammals and fauna. Since 1900, the museum collection has grown from Carter’s collection, housed in a log cabin, to a museum housing more than a million objects in its collections. Another man instrumental in developing the museum's collection through the mid 20th century was Dr Alfred Marshall Bailey, who served as Director from 1936 to 1969.
The Museum is known for its children’s discovery areas, the Space Odyssey exhibition, Gates Planetarium, the Prehistoric Journey exhibition, IMAX films, Egyptian mummies, wildlife exhibits, colorful gems and minerals, Expedition Health exhibition, temporary exhibitions, and education programs. Visitors can also experience the “best view in Denver” from the Anschutz Family Sky Terrace and Leprino Family Atrium on the west side of the building. Here, visitors see views of the Front Range, from Longs Peak in the north to Pikes Peak in the south.
Discovery Zone is a hands-on educational center geared toward children. Dig up a stegosaurus, make fun crafts, play on the discovery stage, inspect insect specimens, and laugh yourself out loud with funhouse mirrors 
Egyptian Mummies uses two mummies and their tomb artifacts to teach how the ancient civilization of Egypt regarded its living and preserved its dead.
Expedition Health teaches visitors about the constantly changing and adapting human body.
Gems & Minerals is a re-created mine where visitors can examine many colorful crystals and minerals found both locally and globally.
Prehistoric Journey traces the evolution of life on Earth from single-celled organisms to dinosaurs to the inhabitants of today’s world, with speicmens including the majectic skeleton of diplodocus with a ferocious allosaurus battling a heavy armored stegosaurus, marvel at a beautiful sea lilie reef diorama from 435 million years ago, insect a cast/replica skull of the ancient placoderm fish dunkelosteus, look at a neat collection of trilobites on display for hours, notice every detail of prehistoric mammal skulls 
Research and Collections
Anthropology Collections More than 50,000 objects constitute the Anthropology Collection. The collection is mainly comprised of archaeological and ethnological artifacts from North America. The department also curates collections from Central and South America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. Additional holdings include the 800-piece Ethnological Art Collection and archival photographs and documents. The department is fully committed to compliance with the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) and all other national and international laws that impact anthropological objects.
Earth Sciences Collections The Department of Earth Sciences collections consist of 6 main groups, including Vertebrate Paleontology, Paleobotany, Invertebrate Paleontology, Mineral, Meteorite, and Micromount.
Health Sciences Collections The research collection in the Health Sciences Department is comprised of rare and unique human anatomy specimens, as well as a small selection of pieces of medical importance. More information about each subcollection, including plastination, histology, human DNA, classical anatomy, and historical medical can be found here.
Space Sciences Lab The Department of Space Sciences is responsible for the Museum's Scientific Instruments Collection. This collection is composed of instruments that have been used by Museum staff members, have been part of crucial experiments involving key scientists in their pursuit of knowledge, or are excellent type-examples of particular instruments. In addition, the Department of Space Sciences maintains a large digital collection of images and multimedia assets (presentations, video, visualizations) of use in research, public programs, and Space Odyssey.
Zoology Collections The Zoology Department houses over 900,000 specimens or specimen "lots" (groups of specimens) including over 40,000 vials of arachnids (spiders and their relatives), each vial holding anywhere from one to hundreds of animals; well over 780,000 insects with strength in the orders Coleoptera (the beetles) and Lepidoptera (the butterflies and moths); 17,000 shell lots representing shells from all over the world; approximately 52,000 bird specimens, including a significant nest and egg collection; over 14,000 specimens of mammals, including several threatened or endangered species and several species now considered extinct. The small botany collection includes over 2,500 specimens representing 130 families. Specimens records are published, via Arctos and Symbiota, to data portals such as SCAN, ORNIS, MANiS, VertNet, GBIF, GenBank, and BISON, among others.
Bailey Library and Archives The library's collection focuses on anthropology, earth sciences, health sciences, space sciences, zoology, the Rocky Mountain West, and museum studies. It contains over 53,000 publications, 2,500 rare books, and 9,000 volumes of scientific periodicals.
Gates Planetarium presents a view of the universe, using technology to tell science stories and help visitors experience the universe. The 125-seat planetarium features unidirectional, semi-reclining stadium seating, 16.4 surround-sound system featuring Ambisonic—a 3-D spatial sound system, and a perforated metal dome, 56 feet in diameter and tilted 25 degrees. The current Gates Planetarium replaces the older, dome-style planetarium.
Phipps IMAX Theater
The Phipps IMAX Theater on the second floor of the museum was built as the Phipps Auditorium in 1940, and was used for lectures, concerts, and films until 1980. Renovated and reopened in 1983 as the Phipps IMAX Theater, it seats 440 people and now shows large-format IMAX films daily.
Morgridge Family Exploration Center and Avenir Collections Facility
The Morgridge Family Exploration Center constitutes three above-ground levels devoted to offering memorable and impactful programs that are rich with content and encourages visitors to have in-depth conversations about science and the natural world. Visitors of all ages engage with science in new ways through Exploration Studios for today’s students, a new temporary exhibition gallery, a lively atrium space, a completely redeveloped Discovery Zone for early learners, and the beautiful outdoor Boettcher Plaza with unique public art.
The Avenir Collections Center totals 63,000 square feet in two underground levels devoted to providing consolidated housing for nearly 1.5 million artifacts and specimens for the first time in Museum history, ensuring they are preserved for the public for generations to come.
While many have visited the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, few have noticed the hidden surprises camouflaged within the museum's exhibits. Kent Pendleton, one of the museum's diorama painters, was unable to sign his work. In lieu of a signature, Pendleton painted a total of 8 elves in his work hidden throughout the museum. Guests are encouraged to search for the elves with a printable scavenger hunt. 
- Map of the Denver Museum of Nature & Science, February 2006, Denver Museum of Nature & Science.
- "Museum History". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "George Sparks". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "List of Accredited Museums" (PDF). aam-us.org. American Alliance of Museums. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
- "George Sparks". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "SCFD and the Museum". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Discovery Zone". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Egyptian Mummies". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Expedition Health". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Gems & Minerals". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "North American Indian Cultures". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Prehistoric Journey". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Space Odyssey". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- "Wildlife Exhibits". dmns.org. Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- , Elves at Denver Museum of Nature and Science
- , Surprises at Denver Museum of Nature and Science PDF description and location of Museum Secrets
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