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For the Islamic movement, see Deobandi.
Deoband is located in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates: 29°41′31″N 77°40′37″E / 29.692°N 77.677°E / 29.692; 77.677Coordinates: 29°41′31″N 77°40′37″E / 29.692°N 77.677°E / 29.692; 77.677
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Saharanpur
Elevation 256 m (840 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 81,706
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration UP 11

Deoband (Hindi: देवबंद, Urdu: دیوبند‎, Devband) is a city and a municipal board in Saharanpur district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Deoband is about 150 km from Delhi. Deoband is Famous for Darul Uloom of Deoband and Shri Bala Sundri Devi Mata Temple. Darul Uloom is one of the most important and influential schools of Islamic Studies. Deoband has presence of the Jamia Tibbiya Deoband college of Unani Medicine, imparting the qualifications of B.U.M.S. and M.D.


Foundation of Dar-ul-uloom Deoband[edit]

After the defeat of 1857, some of the prominent Muslim leaders of the freedom movement found it very hard to save India from the cultural onslaught of the British. To counter what was seen to be a British plan to enslave India culturally, they planned to establish a revolutionary institution that would impart knowledge as well as enthuse fervour among students to fight against oppressive forces. Darul Uloom Deoband, the most eminent Islamic learning centre thus was established on 21 May 1866. Maulana Muhammad Qasim Nanautavi (1832-1879), the founder of ‘Darul Uloom’ (house of knowledge) at Deoband, later on outlined the purpose of establishing the institution in the following words:

"The English have perpetrated boundless acts of tyranny against the Muslims for their fault, if at all it was a fault, of the uprising in 1857 and their relentless endeavour for the independence of this country thereafter. They have left no stone unturned to plunder and obliterate the Islamic arts and science, Muslim culture and civilization. Endowments of Muslim educational institutions have been confiscated and as a result state funded schools have been virtually closed. It is therefore, necessary to adopt other method instead of relying upon the old system of endowments.”


Deoband is located at 29°42′N 77°41′E / 29.7°N 77.68°E / 29.7; 77.68.[1] It has an average elevation of 256 metres (1093 feet). Deoband is surrounded by the famous cities like Saharanpur, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Roorkee, Haridwar, Shamli, Badgaon etc. The town is connected to national capital via. national highway and railways.

Holy sites[edit]

The Deobandi Islamic movement began at Darul Uloom Deoband (a University) in Deoband, India, where its foundation was laid on 30 May 1866.[2]


The Deoband Nagar Palika Parishad has population of 97,037 of which 53,538 are males while 43,499 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 12200 which is 12.57% of total population of Deoband (NPP). In Deoband Nagar Palika Parishad, Female Sex Ratio is of 812 against state average of 912. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Deoband is around 917 compared to Uttar Pradesh state average of 902. Literacy rate of Deoband city is 75.23% higher than state average of 67.68%. In Deoband, Male literacy is around 79.59% while female literacy rate is 69.77%.

Deoband Nagar Palika Parishad has total administration over 15,630 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Nagar Palika Parishad limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Caste Factor Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 3.69% of total population in Deoband (NPP). The (NPP) Deoband currently doesn’t have any Schedule Tribe (ST) population.

Work Profile Out of total population, 24,559 were engaged in work or business activity. Of this 22,551 were males while 2,008 were females. In census survey, worker is defined as person who does business, job, service, and cultivator and labour activity. Of total 24559 working population, 89.91% were engaged in Main Work while 10.09% of total workers were engaged in Marginal Work.[3]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]