|Born||Deodato de la Cruz Arellano[Note 1]
July 26, 1844
Bulacan, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||October 7, 1899
Bontoc, Mountain Province
|Other names||Buan (Moon)|
|Alma mater||Ateneo De Manila University|
He was born in Barrio Maysantol, Bulacan, Bulacan, to Juan de la Cruz and Mamerta de la Cruz. Arellano studied bookkeeping at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila (now Ateneo de Manila University) and later worked as assistant clerk at the arsenal of the colonial army in Manila. He was married to Hilaria del Pilar, a sister of Marcelo H. del Pilar.
Along with del Pilar, Arellano was an active freemason. He also solicited funds for Filipino expatriates in Spain when del Pilar had to flee to Spain because of allegedly subversive articles that appeared in the newspaper that del Pilar published, Diariong Tagalog (Tagalog Newspaper), in the Philippines.
In 1892, Arellano and other freemasons, like Andrés Bonifacio, joined La Liga Filipina, which was founded by José Rizal upon his return to the country. Arellano was elected the league's secretary but Rizal was deported to Dapitan island, in Mindanao, a few days later.
On July 7, 1892, when the government announced Rizal's deportation, Arellano, Bonifacio, Ladislao Diwa, Teodoro Plata, Valentín Díaz, and José Dizon founded the Katipunan. He was elected the first president of its supreme council.
When the revolution broke out in August 1896, Arellano repaired to Bulacan and joined Gregorio del Pilar's brigade, becoming its commissary officer.
He fought in the battles in Bulacan during the Philippine-American War, but he contracted tubercolosis in the course of the war and died of the disease while he and his fellow revolutionists were fighting in the Cordillera Mountains. His comrades buried him in the town cemetery of La Trinidad, Benguet.
In popular culture
- Portrayed by Julio Diaz in the 1997 film, Tirad Pass: The Story of Gen. Gregorio del Pilar.
- Portrayed by John Prinz Strachan in the 2013 TV series, Katipunan.
- ^ ^ Deodato Arellano's full name, Deodato de la Cruz Arellano, is written on his baptismal register although his last name was spelled Aurellano, but modernized to Arellano for convenience. Thus, he did not use Spanish nor Philippine naming customs.
- National Historical Institute, Filipinos in History 5 vols. (Manila: National Historical Institute, 1995)
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