Deoghar

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Deoghar district.
Deoghar
देवघर
Devghar
city
Deoghar is located in Jharkhand
Deoghar
Deoghar
Coordinates: 24°29′N 86°42′E / 24.48°N 86.7°E / 24.48; 86.7Coordinates: 24°29′N 86°42′E / 24.48°N 86.7°E / 24.48; 86.7
Country India
State Jharkhand
District Deoghar
Area
 • Total 337 km2 (130 sq mi)
Elevation 254 m (833 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 203,116
 • Rank 5th in Jharkhand
 • Density 602/km2 (1,560/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 814112
Telephone code 00916432
Vehicle registration JH-15
Sex ratio 921 /
Lok Sabha constituency Godda
Vidhan Sabha constituency Deoghar

Deoghar is the main city of the Deoghar district in the Santhal Parganas division of the state of Jharkhand, India.

Geography[edit]

Deoghar is located at 24°29′N 86°42′E / 24.48°N 86.7°E / 24.48; 86.7.[1] It has an average elevation of 254 metres (833 feet).

Education[edit]

Major educational institutes in Deoghar include:

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Deoghar has a population of 203,116 and 17.62% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Roadways: Deoghar is connected to Ranchi, Patna, Calcutta, Bhagalpur, Munger and all nearby major cities by road.[3][better source needed]

Deoghar Town has two railway stations, Baidyanathdham (BDME) and Deoghar (DGHR). Deoghar is linked to Dumka while Baidyanathdham is linked only to Jasidih, though several trains originate from here to cities like Ranchi, Varanasi, Asansol.[3][better source needed]

Airways: Deoghar International Airport is under construction. Reaching Deoghar via flight is limited to Patna (PAT), Kolkata (CCU) or Ranchi (IXR). The nearest airport is Patna from where you can take a train journey or hire a taxi.[3][better source needed] Deoghar signed an MoU with Airports Authority of India in 2013 to develop an International Airport at Deoghar to encourage tourism. This is a Rs. 350 crore project which was supposed to be completed within 2 years. But for some reasons the project got delayed.[1]

Places to Visit[edit]

Rikhia Ashram: It is an extension of Bihar School of Yoga (Sri Sri Panch Dashanam Paramhansa Alakhbarah) and was established by Paramahamsa Swami Satyananda Saraswati. Thousand of devotees from different corners of the world participate in an annual festival which is held in late November to early December. Foreigner visitors are often seen in the town, especially between November and February. This ashram is considered a sacred place. The ashram has been working on the yoga of Serve,Love and Give to uplift the lives of the once deprived people of the several villages of Rikhia neighbourhood.[6] Nandan Pahar: It is a small hill located on the eastern side of Deoghar. It is a medium-sized beautiful Hill Park and one of the major hangout places in Deoghar. It has several temples apart from a ghost house, a boot house, a mirror house and a restaurant.[7][8]

Basukinath (in Dumka District): It is famous for its Shiva Temple, and the pilgrimage to Babadham is considered incomplete without paying homage at Basukinath. It is situated 43 km from Deoghar near the village of Jarmundi and connected by road. It is an indigenous temple decorated with local art. Basukinath is one of the most ancient temples. There are many other small temples of different Gods and Goddesses nearby.[9]

Naulakha Mandir: It is situated 1.5 km away from the Baba Baidyanath Temple. This temple is similar in appearance to the temple of Ramakrishna in Belur. Inside there are idols of Radha-Krishna. It is 146 feet high and its construction cost around Rs. 900,000 (9 lakhs) and hence it became known as the Naulakha Temple. It was constructed by Queen Charushila of Pathuria Ghat King’s family from Kolkata.[10]

Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith: It is a senior Secondary School run by Ramakrishna Mission Kolkata. Its campus is full of greenery and is a major sightseeing place. It was established in 1922 with the objective of imparting modern education combined with the values of ancient culture along the lines of the ancient Gurukula.[11]

Satsanga Ashram: It is a holy place for devotees of Sree Sree Thakur Anukulchandra, in the south-west of Deoghar, established by himself in 1946. On 24 September 2012, twelve people died and fifty people were injured in the Satsanga Deoghar disaster.[12][13]

Tapovana: It is situated 10 km from Deoghar and has a temple of Shiva, called Taponath Mahadeva, which attracts pilgrims. A number of caves are found in this hill. In one of the caves, a Shiva lingam is installed. It is said that Sage Valmiki came here for penance and Sri Sri Balananda Brahmachari obtained Siddhi (success through penance) here.[14]

Shivganga: It is a pool of water situated just 200 meters away from the Baidyanath Temple. It is claimed that when Ravana was taking the lingam to Lanka, he needed to urinate. Afterwards, wanting to wash his hands before holding the lingam but unable to find a water source nearby, he struck the earth with his fist. Water came out and formed a pond. This pond is now known as Shivaganga.[15]

Harila Jori: It is situated on the northern side of Deoghar, 8 km away from the Baidyanath temple and 5 km away from the Tower chowk. During ancient times, the area was full of Haritaki (Myrobalan) trees. It is claimed that this is the place where Ravana handed over the lingam to lord Visnu disguised as a Brahmin, and went to urinate. A stream flows here and is known as Ravana Jori.

Trikut Pahar: It is a hill situated 13 km away from Deoghar, on the way to Dumka, with three main peaks from which it gets its name, Trikutachal. The hill is 1,350 feet (400 m) high. There is also a temple of Shiva here, known as the Trikutachal Mahadeva Temple, and an altar of the goddess of Trishuli. It is the site of Jharkhand's first ropeway, built by Damodar Ropeway and Construction Company, Kolkata, which is the only vertical ropeway in the state of Jharkhand. The ride from the base camp to the summit takes about seven minutes. Today the place has a large population of gray langur monkeys.[16]

Trikutachal Ashram: It is located at the height of 1000 ft. on the Trikut Hill and founded by Sri Sri Swami Sampadananda Gurumaharaj (also known as Yadav Chandra Chakravorty) who lived from 1899 to 1987. Born in Roshan Giri, Bangladesh, Yadav became a disciple of Thakur Dayananda and, in 1924, came to Trikuth Parvat to live in a small cave on the hill, where he meditated for 50 years. Villagers come to see the Yogi to get his blessing. The Trikut Ashram was gradually constructed, initially with small living rooms for disciples to stay in night. Mother Bhakti Prava Devi came with her parents in 1952 and met Swami Sampadananda at the Trikut Ashram. In 1977, she moved into the Trikut Ashram permanently and became a nun. Sri Chandan Swami was initiated in 1987, becoming Sannyasi (a monk) and now managing the Ashram's day-to-day activities.

Koiridih: It is a historical place near the river with an English rest house and a teak wood forest, the Dighariya forest. This village produced a famous Gandhian freedom fighter, called Ayodhya Prasad Singh. One of his colleague Bhubneshwar Prasad Roy a reputed social worker lives 1 km away from Koiridih in BasantPur Village surrounded by ponds, forest and Ajay River with natural beauty. He was senior leader of BJP Deoghar District and a retired school Principal, known for his loyalty and social work.

Prabhu Jagadbandhu Ashram: It is situated 4 km away from Deoghar on the way to Tapovan, near the Charki Pahari crossing. The ashram houses the stone-temple of Prabhu Jagadbandhu, a religious preacher born in a hamlet called Dahapara of Murshidabad, Bengal.

J.A.P 05 Camp (Dahijor Camp): It was established in 1975 and is situated 9 km away from Deoghar on the way to Dumka on the Bhagalpur road. There is a beautiful Shiv temple (Shakti Nath Mandir) in front of J.A.P 05 main gate and plenty of sports facilities, such as football, basketball, handball, hockey, kabaddi and volleyball.

Ram Nivas Ashram: It is where Sri Sri Balananda Brahmachari Maharaj, a great yogi and guru, used to stay and meditate. His disciple, and the 2nd Mohanta (Head) of the ashram, Mohanananda Brahmachari, also stayed here. The ashram is surrounded by trees and gardens, and has the temples of Tripura Sundari, Radha-Krishna, and Bhagbati Devi. A memorial temple marks the place where the ashes of Sri Mohanananda Brahmachari were put to rest.[17]

Jalsar Children's Park: This park has fun rides for children, including a see-saw and toy train.

Maa Kali Shaktipeeth is in the Karnibagh area and is also known as Maa Kali Nagar. The deity, Maa, is in the form of pindi (a vertical mass) and is popular in the area.[18][19]

Central Plaza - A fully integrated air conditioned mall situated at Netaji Subhas Road housing stores like Big Bazaar, Peter England, Allen Soley, Duke, Liberty, Cantabil, Reebok, Killer, Lee, Numero Uno, Samsung Cafe, Hoffmen, Belmonte, John Players, Wrangler, Denizen ( Levis ) and many more. There is also a multiplex name Eylex and Food Court to savour the taste buds.There is also play station.

Kunda Jagrat Kali Mandir-Situated about 3 km from Deoghar City on the way to Deoghar Sarwan Road. Build by Late Fakir Chandra Chatterjeea about 100 yrs ago. Now the temple is managed by Sri Nitai Chandra Chatterjee and Sri Basudeb Chatterjee both grandsons of Late Fakir Chandra Chatterjee. Earlier Late Gosto Behari Chatterjee used to look after the temple. The deity in the temple is about 100 yrs old and made of clay. Anything prayed to Maa Kali is definitely fulfilled by the God here. People from Deoghar and from other parts of the India visit these temple all the year around.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Deoghar
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b c "How to reach Baidyanathdham Deoghar ?". Explore Bihar. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 

External links[edit]