This article is about Baidhnathdham Deoghar City.
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|• Total||337 km2 (130 sq mi)|
|Elevation||254 m (833 ft)|
|• Rank||5th in Jharkhand|
|• Density||602/km2 (1,560/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||921 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Godda|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Deoghar|
Deoghar or Baidhnathdham is the main city of the Deoghar District in the Santhal Pargana division of the state of Jharkhand, India. Deoghar is known as Cultural Capital of Jharkhand and city of Temples.
The importance of Babadham increases during the month of Shrawan. During this period, lakhs of devotees throng the Baba Baidyanath temple. Most of them first visit Sultanganj, which is 105 km from Babadham. In Sultanganj, the Ganges flows to the North. It is from this place that the devotees collect water in their kanwars and carry the holy Ganges water, with the kanwars on their shoulders. They walk 109 km up to Baba Baidyanath temple at Babadham reciting Bol Bam on the way. On reaching Babadham, the kanwarias first take a dip in the Shivaganga to purify themselves, and then enter the Baba Baidyanath temple, where the Ganges water is offered to the Jyotirlingam. This pilgrimage continues during the whole of Shravan for 30 days, during July–August. This is the longest religious fair in the world. People from foreign lands also visit Babadham not only during Shrawan month but also during the rest of the year. The sight on the way from Sultanganj to Babadham is of a 109 km long human chain of saffron clad pilgrims. It is estimated that within this period of one month around 50 to 55 lakhs pilgrims visit Babadham. Besides the great pilgrimage of Shrawan, almost the whole year remains under fair with Shivaratri in March, Basant Panchami in January, Bhadra Purnima in September. Also here Rikhiya ashram famoue in world for its meditation camp along with the Ramniwas Ashram of Saint Balanand Brahmachari,Mohan Mandir of Mohananand Swami,Kailash Pahar Ashram-Jasidih of Swami Hansdev Avadhoot.
Deoghar is located at  It has an average elevation of 254 metres (833 feet)..
Trikut PaharTrikut Pahar is one of the most exciting tourist destination in Deoghar, where you can enjoy Trekking, Ropeway, Wildlife Adventures and a safe natural retreat. It is also a popular picnic spot and a place for Pilgrimage. In dense forest on the uphill lies the famous Trikutachal Mahadeva Temple and the hermitage of Sage Dayananda. Trikut Hills contain three peaks and the Highest Peak goes to the height of 2470 ft from the Sea Level and around about 1500 ft from the ground making it an ideal location for trekking. Only two of the three peaks are considered safe for trekking while the third one is inaccessible due to its highly steep slopes. The Ropeway takes the Tourists to the top of main peak only. An exciting 360 degree view of Deoghar is available from the Top of Trikut Pahar.
Major educational institutes in Deoghar include:
- Indira Gandhi National Open University Regional Centre, Deoghar
- Deovalley High School
- The Ramakrishna Vivekananda Vidyamandir
- Ramakrishna Mission Vidyapith
- Deoghar Utkarsh College
- Saint Francis School Deoghar
- R Mitra +2 high School
- RL Sharraf High School
- GS High School
- Matrimandir Balika High School
- Deoghar College
- AS College
- RD Bajla Mahila College
- Hindi Vidyapith
- Taxila School
- St. Xavier's School
- DAV Public School
Railways: Deoghar has four railway stations, Baidyanathdham (BDME), Deoghar (DGHR),Satsang Nagar Halt(SSNR),jasidih jn(JSME). Deoghar is linked to Dumka while Baidyanathdham is linked only to Jasidih, though several trains originate from here to cities like Ranchi, Kolkata, Asansol.[better source needed]
Jasidih Junction( 6 Km from City) is very important Railway Station of Deoghar, which is situated in Howrah - Patna - Delhi Main Line.
Airways: Deoghar International Airport is under construction. Reaching Deoghar via flight is limited to Patna (PAT), Kolkata (CCU) or Ranchi (IXR). The nearest airport is Patna from where you can take a train journey or hire a taxi.[better source needed] Deoghar signed an MoU with Airports Authority of India in 2013 to develop an International Airport at Deoghar to encourage tourism. This is a Rs. 350 crore project which was supposed to be completed within 2 years. But for some reasons the project got delayed.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Deoghar
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "How to reach Baidyanathdham Deoghar ?". Explore Bihar. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
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