Deoria, Uttar Pradesh

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Deoria
देवरिया
City
Deoria is located in Uttar Pradesh
Deoria
Deoria
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°30′06″N 83°46′46″E / 26.50167°N 83.77936°E / 26.50167; 83.77936Coordinates: 26°30′06″N 83°46′46″E / 26.50167°N 83.77936°E / 26.50167; 83.77936
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Deoria
Area
 • Total 610 km2 (240 sq mi)
Elevation 68 m (223 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 129,570
 • Density 210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi,
 • Regional Hindi,
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 274001
Telephone code 05568
Vehicle registration UP-52
Website deoria.nic.in

Deoria is a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of 5 tehsils of Deoria district. On the name of Sant Deoraha Baba the city is named as Deoria. Deoria is located 50 km to south-east of Gorakhpur and about 310 km from state capital Lucknow.

Geography[edit]

[1] This city is located between 26 degrees and 28 degrees north latitude and 83 degrees and 85 degrees east longitude, out of which district Kushinagar was created in 1994 by taking north and east portion of Deoria district. District Deoria is surrounded by district Kushinagar in the north, district Gopalganj and Siwan (Bihar state) in the east, district Mau and district Ballia in the south and district Gorakhpur in the west.

Deoria district headquarters is situated at 53 km. milestone from Gorakhpur by road towards east. District headquarters is situated at 50 km from Gorakhpur on Gorakhpur-Siwan broadgauge railway line towards Siwan. Ghaghara, Rapti and Chhoti Gandak are the main rivers in this district. Besides these, Gorra, Bathua, Kurna, Majhne, Nakta are small rivers/nala which originate from above mentioned rivers.

Climate of the district is 'SAMSITOSN' . May and June are hot, and December and January are cold. Soil of different types is found in the district. Domat, Bhat, Matiyar and Balui Domat is found commonly. Productive and densely populated, this district of Uttar Pradesh is situated at the north-east end of the state. Currently, Deoria district has five tehsils, namely Deoria sadar, Salempur, Rudrapur, Berhaj and Bhatparrani.

History[edit]

[2] Current area of this district was a part of 'Koshal rajya'- a prime centre of ancient'arya culture' surrounded by Himalaya in north, Shyandika river in south, 'Panchal rajya' in west and Maghadh rajya in Bihar east. Besides many fictions related with this area, astro-historical fossils ('murtee',coins,bricks, temples, Budh math etc.) are found at many places of this district, showing that there was a developed and organised society long long ago. Ancient history of the district is related with the Ramayana times when 'Koshal Naresh' lord Ram appointed his elder son 'Kush', the king of Kushawati- which is today's Kushinagar.

Before Mahabharat times, this area was related with Chakravorty Samrat 'Mahasudtsan' and his kingdom 'kushinagar' was well developed and prosperous. Nearby to his rajya border was the thick area woods 'Maha-van'. This area was under control of Maurya rulers, Gupta rulers and Bhar rulers, and then under control of Gharwal ruler 'Govind Chandra' from year -1114 to year- 1154. This area was under control of Avadh rulers or of Bihar Muslim rulers during Medieval times,is not very clear.

There was little control of oldest Delhi rulers - Sultan, Nizam or Khilji's on this region. There is no description of this area in east war/attack/invasion scripts by Muslim historians meaning by Muslim invaders would have seldom visited thick wood area of this region. Many places of this district played an important role in the modern history of this district. Important ones are Paina, Baikuntpur, Berhaj, Lar, Rudrapur, Hata, Kasia, Gauribazar, Kaptanganj, Udhopur, Tamkuhi, Basantpur Dhoosi etc.

Gandhiji addressed Deoria and Padrauna public meetings in 1920. Baba Raghav Das had started movement in April 1930 regarding 'NamakMovement'. In 1931, there were wide movement against government and landlords in this district. Many more people joined Congress as volunteers and marched several places of the district. Sh.Purushottam Das Tondon in 1931 and Rafi Ahmad Kidwai in 1935 visited different places of this district. During Quit India Movement, as much as 580 people were sent behind the bar for different duration. Deoria District came into existence at March 16' 1946 from Gorakhpur district.

The name Deoria is derived from 'Devaranya' or probably 'Devpuria' as believed. According to official gazettes, the district name 'deoria' is taken by its headquarter name 'Deoria' and the term deoria generally means a place where there are temples. Deoria name developed by a fossil(broken) Shiva Temple by the side of 'kurna river' in its northside. Kushinagar (Padrauna) district came into existence in 1994 ' MAY by separating north-east portion of Deoria district.

Ancient[edit]

[3] The area now known as the Deoria District was once a part of the Kosala Kingdom - a prime centre of ancient Aryan culture surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Shyandika river in the south, the Panchala Kingdom in the west and the Magadh Kingdom in Bihar to the east. Apart from the many legends told about this area, archaeological remains, such as statues, coins, bricks, temples, and Budh Maths, have been discovered at many locations in this district, showing that there was a developed and organised society long ago.

Ancient history of the district is related with the Ramayana times when the Lord of Kosala, Ram, appointed his elder son Kusha the king of Kushwati, which is present-day Kushinagar. Before the Mahabharata era, this area had been related with Chakravorty Samrat Mahasudtsan Mall and his kingdom. Kushinagar was well developed and prosperous. Close to the border of his kingdom was the thick forested area called the Mahavan. This area was under the control of the Maurya rulers, the Gupta rulers, the Bihar rulers, and then the Garhwal ruler Govinda Chandra from 1114 AD until 1154 AD.

Modern[edit]

[4] The Deoria district came into existence on March 16, 1946, being separated from the Gorakhpur District. It is believed that the name Deoria is derived from Devaranya or possibly Devpuria. According to official gazetteers, the district was named "Deoria" after its headquarters in Deoria, and the term Deoria generally means a place where there are temples. The name Deoria probably developed because of the existence of important temples in the area. During Freedom struggle of India the district joined struggle under the leadership of Pandit Bibhuti Mani Tripathi of city by (ankur pandey) Dehrauli(Rudrapur). He provided leadership and invited Subhash Chandra Bose in district to inspire youths.

Demography[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Deoria had a population of 129,570, out of which males were 67,754 and females were 61,816. The literacy rate was 93.73 per cent.[5]

According to 2001 census Deoria had 104222 inhabitants (54.737 men, 49.485 women).[6]

Religions in Deoria
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
88%
Muslims
  
11%
Others†
  
1%
Distribution of religions
Includes Jains (0.5%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Educational facilities[edit]

===Degree colleges===  :kisan intermediate college kanchanpur deoria

Technical institutes[edit]

  • Sanwari Devi Pvt. Iti Khoraram Deoria
  • D.L.S. Institute of Computer Education & Science, Hata Road, Deoria (U.P.) Contact us- 8896716167, 9451356481
  • R.N. College of Engineering & Management, Salempur, Deoria)
  • Industrial Training Institute, Krishna Nagar, Teacher Colony, Deoria Khas, Deoria
  • Government Polytechnic College Deoria
  • Divine Ambition Computer Institute, New colony, Deoria
  • Cloud Computing, Deoria, 9795281928
  • Alok Infosis and Associate, South of S.P. Office, Deoria, 9807760324
  • Swastika Educational Institute, Salempur, Deoria U.P. Mob.+919454709751,+917800557797

Ram Prashad Singh Pvt ITI Kharjarwa Deoria U.P. Mob.+919415827890

Schools[edit]

  • Ganga Prasad Intermediate College Majhgawan Deoria
  • S.S.V.R.T.D. Inter College Jharnakuti Ghanti Deoria
  • B. N. Public School, Banzaria Bazar, Deoria
  • O.K.M. Inter College Lar, Deoria
  • Sanwari Devi Intermediate college, Khoraram, Deoria
  • Divyajyoti Public school, Beldandh Road, Deoria
  • Modern City Montessori Intermediate College, Nehru Nagar, New Colony, Deoria
  • Shahid Madhuban Karamad Inter College Khoribari Rampur, Deoria, Uttar Pradesh
  • Matrix School of Learning (MSL), Deewadhar, Pipara Rohiniya, Lar Road, Salempur, Deoria
  • UP Public Intermediate College, Ram Nath, Deoria
  • St. Paul Public School, Salempur, Deoria
  • Candid city School, Bhujauli, Deoria
  • Baba Raaghav Das Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Central Academy, Jail Road, Deoria
  • D.L.S. High School, Deoria
  • D.P. Inter College, Deoria
  • Deoria Senior Secondary School, Deoria
  • Government Intermediate College, Deoria
  • H.B.M.U.M.V. Deoriameer, Deoria
  • Habib Seakh High School, Deoria
  • Heritage Public School & Classes
  • Ishara Public English Medium School, Raghav Nagar, Deoria
  • Jeevan Marg Sophia Secondary, Deoria
  • Kalind Vihar Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Kasturba Girls Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Achraya Ram Chandra Shukla Inter College, Saroan, Deoria
  • Kendriya Vidyalay I T I Campus Barhaj Road, Deoria
  • Life Line Public School, Deoria
  • Little Flower School, Deoria
  • Maharaja Agrasen Girls Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Maharaja Agrasen Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Nav Jeevan Mission School, Deoria
  • P.N. Academy,branch-1, Deoria
  • Udai Academy, Rudrapur, Deoria
  • Prem Jagriti Vidyapeeth, School, Deoria
  • Pt. Deen Dayal Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Radiant Rays School, Deoria
  • R.D. Convent School, Deoria
  • S.M.S. Rashtriya Intermediate, Deoria
  • Sant Pushpa High School, Deoria
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Deoria
  • SSBL Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Surya Convent Academy, Deoria
  • Narbada Public School, Dhusi tola, Mudadiha, Deoria-Hata Road, Deoria
  • Sunbeam School, Deoria
  • Prestige Tutorial Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Vijay Shree Gyansthali, Deoria
  • Vishnu Purva Madhyamik Vidya Mandir, Deoria
  • J P Mittal Academy, Deoria
  • Krishak Intermediate College, Deoria
  • Mariyam Carmel School, Gorakhpur Road, Deoria
  • Noble World School, Opp. District Jail, Salempur Road, Deoria
  • Baba Siyaram Das Intermediate College Malahchak Majhauli Raj, Deoria
  • P.N. Academy, branch-2*Navtappi Intermediate College Kasia Road Gadhrampur
  • Baba Shiva Mani Inter College, Salempur, Deoria
  • Holy Mother's English School, Gaura Chauraha, Kasaya Road, Deoria
  • Swarn Jayanti Ishara Inter college, Malghot Beraicha, Patherdewa, Deoria.
  • Ishara Public English Medium School, Bhujauli Colony, Deoria
  • Swaraj Swarn Jayanti Ishara Balika Purv Nadhyamik Vidhyalaya, Malghot Beraicha, PAtherdewa, Deoria
  • Aryabhatt Ishara Public School, College Road, Patherdewa, Deoria.
  • Chandra Shekhar Azad Inter college, Deogaon, Deoria.
  • Bahar Singh Srinet Inter college, Indupur, Deoria. Bapu Intermediate College,Salempur,Deoria.
  • primary school Leraha, [Leraha, Gauri Bazar, Deoria]

Libraries[edit]

  • Town Hall Library
  • Naagiri Pracharini
  • GIC Library
  • District Library
  • GauriBazar, Gkp
  • Deo Educational

Temples[edit]

The Great 'Shri Siddheshwar Nath Shiv Mandir' almost 600 years or more old Lord Shiva Temple in New Colony at Garulpar. The great Baripur Hanuman temple almost 500 years or more old Ranchor temple. The divine "Hanuman Mandir" is also worshipped by a large number of people, mostly on Tuesdays and Saturdays.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Deoria Official Website". deoria.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 
  2. ^ "District Deoria Official Website". deoria.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 
  3. ^ "District Deoria Official Website". deoria.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 
  4. ^ "District Deoria Official Website". deoria.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-02-03. 
  5. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  6. ^ Census of India 2001. "Population, population in the age group 0-6 and literates by sex - Cities/Towns (in alphabetic order): 2001". Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 

External links[edit]