Department for Work and Pensions
|Formed||8 June 2001|
6-12 Tothill Street
|Employees||84,718 (as of May 2016)|
|Annual budget||£176.3 billion (Resource AME),
£6.3 billion (Resource DEL),
£0.3 billion (Capital DEL),
£2.3 billion (Non-Budget Expenditure)
Estimated for year ending 31 March 2017
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the United Kingdom
The Department has four operational organisations: Jobcentre Plus administers working age benefits such as Jobseeker's Allowance, and decides which claimants receive Employment and Support Allowance; the Pension Service which pays the Basic State Pension and Pension Credit and provides information on related issues; Disability and Carers Service which provides financial support to disabled people and their carers; and the Child Maintenance Group which provides the statutory Child Support Schemes, operating as the Child Support Agency and the Child Maintenance Service.
The Department was created on 8 June 2001 as a merger of the Department of Social Security, Employment Service and the policy groups of the Department for Education and Employment involved in employment policy and international issues.
The Department was initially tasked with creating Jobcentre Plus and the Pensions Service from the remains of the Employment Service and the Benefits Agency. The Department is therefore responsible for welfare and pension policy. It aims "to help its customers become financially independent and to help reduce child poverty".
The department's ministers are:
|Damian Green MP||Secretary of State||Overall responsibility|
|Lord Freud||Minister of State||Welfare Reform|
|Damian Hinds MP||Minister of State||Employment|
|Penny Mordaunt MP||Minister of State||Disabled People, Work and Health|
|Caroline Nokes MP||Parliamentary Under Secretary of State||Welfare Delivery|
|Richard Harrington MP||Parliamentary Under Secretary of State||Pensions|
The Pension Service
With the creation of the department in June 2001, the Pension Service was created, bringing together many different departments and divisions. The Pension Service is a 'dedicated service for current and future pensioners'.
The Pension Service consists of local Pension Centres and centrally-based centres, many of latter are based at the Tyneview Park complex in Newcastle upon Tyne. At Tyneview Park the following centres are found:
- Future Pension Centre (FPC) provides state pension forecasts for people approaching retirement age.
- National Pension Centre (NPC) deals with change of circumstances and enquiries regarding pension payments into bank accounts.
- Pension Tracing Service (PTS) helps track old pensions and pension schemes.
- International Pension Centre (IPC) deals with all enquiries regarding the payment of state pension, bereavement benefits, incapacity benefits and other such benefits for those living abroad.
Local Pension Centres deal with localised claims for state pension and retirement related benefits. Pension Centres are found all over the country. Benefits dealt with at local Pension Centres include:
- Pension Credit (replaced a former scheme known as 'Minimum Income Guarantee' in October 2003)
- Winter Fuel Payments
- Cold Weather Payments
Disability and Carers Service
The Disability and Carers Service offers financial support for those who are disabled and their carers, whether in or out of employment. The DCS have offices throughout the country and deal with the following benefits:
- Disability Living Allowance
- Attendance Allowance
- Carer's Allowance
- Vaccine Damage Payment
- Personal Independence Payment
Prior to 2008, The Pension Service and the Disability and Carers Service were two separate executive agencies however the decision was made in April 2008 to merge both agencies into one entity named The Pension, Disability and Carers Service.
Both former agencies kept their corporate branding and provided services under their separate identities. The decision was made due to the two agencies sharing roughly fifty percent of the same customers and as a single agency, the rationalisation of services would provide a better service for customers.
The status of PDCS as an executive agency (and its existence as a merged entity) was removed on 1 October 2011 with the functions being brought back inside the department and both The Pension Service and the Disability and Carers Service becoming distinct entities once again. Prior to July 2012 the Child Support Agency was the operating arm of the Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission (CMEC).
All are now operated wholly from within the department, with the names continuing as brand identifiers.
Public bodies and estate
The department's public bodies include:
The department has corporate buildings in London, Leeds, Blackpool, Newcastle upon Tyne, Warrington and Sheffield. Jobcentre Plus, The Pension Service and the Disability and Carers Service operate through a network of around 1,000 Jobcentres, contact centres and benefit processing centres across the UK.
After the departure of John Suffolk as Government Chief Information Officer (CIO) in November 2010, the current CIO of the Department for Work and Pensions, Joe Harley, was picked to replace him.
The total annual budget of the department in 2011-12 is £151.6 billion, representing approximately 28% of total UK Government spending. The department spends a far greater share of national wealth than any other department in Britain, by a wide margin.
A report of February 2012 stated that a sum amounting to billions of pounds of money payable through possible benefit claims had not been claimed. In 2009-2010 the Dept stated £1.95 billion job-seekers allowance, £2 billion income support and employment and support allowance, £2.4 billion in council tax, £2.8bn in pension credit and £3.1 billion for housing benefit; in total £12.25 billion had not been claimed.
The department is a major commissioner of external social science research, with the objective of providing the evidence base needed to inform departmental strategy, policy-making and delivery. The department has developed and uses various microsimulation and other models, including the Policy Simulation Model (for appraisal of policy options), Pensim2 (to create projections of pension entitlements up to 2100) and Inform (to produce the Department's benefit caseload forecasts). Datasets held include the LLMDB and the Family Resources Survey.
During 2012 the department announced records of the number of people born outside of the United Kingdom ("non-UK nationals") claiming work-related benefits from 2011, using data already collated within the department together with those of HM Revenue and Customs and the UK Border Agency (whose duties are now fulfilled by UK Visas and Immigration).
Devolution and parity
Northern Ireland has parity with Great Britain in three areas:
Policy in these areas is technically devolved but, in practice, follows policy set by Parliament to provide consistency across the United Kingdom. Employment and health and safety policy are fully devolved.
The department's main counterparts in Northern Ireland are:
- the Department for Social Development (administers welfare policy)
- the Department for Employment and Learning
- the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment (oversees the Health and Safety Executive for Northern Ireland)
In August 2015 the department admitted using fictional stories from made-up claimants on leaflets advertising the positive impact of benefit sanctions, following a Freedom of Information request from Welfare Weekly, claiming that they were for "illustrative purposes only" and that it was "quite wrong" to pass these off as genuine quotes.
Later that month figures were released which showed that between December 2011 and February 2014, 2,650 people died shortly after their Work Capability Assessment told them that they should be finding work. The DWP had fought hard for the figures not to be released, with chief minister Iain Duncan Smith at one point telling Parliament that they did not exist.
According to research published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health by Oxford University and Liverpool University, there were an additional 590 suicides between 2010 and 2013 in areas where Work Capability Assessments were carried out. The researchers claimed the DWP had introduced the policy of moving people off benefits without understanding the consequences.
- Benefit fraud
- Pensions Commission
- Office of Manpower Economics
- Pension, Disability and Carers Service
- United Kingdom budget
- Welfare rights
- "DWP's headcount and payroll data for May 2016" (ODS). Department for Work and Pensions. 1 July 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "How to understand public sector spending - Annually managed expenditure (AME)". HM Treasury. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
Annually managed expenditure, or AME, is more difficult to explain or control as it is spent on programmes which are demand-led – such as welfare, tax credits or public sector pensions. It is spent on items that may be unpredictable or not easily controlled by departments, and are relatively large in comparison to other government departments.
- "How to understand public sector spending - Departmental Expenditure Limits (DEL)". HM Treasury. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
The government budget that is allocated to and spent by government departments is known as the Departmental Expenditure Limit, or DEL. This amount, and how it is split between government departments, is set at Spending Reviews. Things that departmental budgets can be spent on include the running of the services that they oversee such as schools or hospital, and the everyday cost of resources such as staff. The government controls DEL by deciding how much each department gets.
- Central Government Supply Estimates 2016-17. London: HM Treasury. 2016. p. 138. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Huge Victory For Sick And Disabled Claimants As Atos Chased Out Of Vicious Benefit Assessments | the void". Johnnyvoid.wordpress.com. 2014-02-22. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
- E Carmel; T Papadopoulos. "The New governance of Social Security in Britain" (PDF). University of Bath. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- Dept. of Social Security. "Resource Accounts 2000-2001". rightsnet.org. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
- European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions Retrieved 6 June 2012
- Department for Work and Pensions: About DWP
- Cabinet Office List of Government Departments and Ministers: Department for Work and Pensions
- "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] UK Government Web Archive – The National Archives - About DWP - DWP". Dwp.gov.uk. 25 January 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Get a State Pension statement - GOV.UK". Direct.gov.uk. 10 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "Contact the Pension Service - GOV.UK". Direct.gov.uk. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "Find a lost pension - GOV.UK". Direct.gov.uk. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "State Pension if you retire abroad - GOV.UK". Direct.gov.uk. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "Carers and disability benefits - GOV.UK". Dwp.gov.uk. Retrieved 2015-06-22.
- "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] UK Government Web Archive – The National Archives - Pension, Disability and Carers Service Business Plan 2008/09" (PDF). Dwp.gov.uk. July 2008. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "[ARCHIVED CONTENT] UK Government Web Archive – The National Archives - DWP Press release: Joining up to improve service - 22 January 2008". Dwp.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
- "Government announces organisational changes to Jobcentre Plus and the Pension, Disability and Carers Service - Press releases - GOV.UK". Dwp.gov.uk. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- Department for Work and Pensions: DWP sponsored public bodies
- "John Suffolk to leave as Government CIO - a blow to G-Cloud, innovation and radical reform?". Computerworld UK. 16 November 2010.
- "Joe Harley expected to be new Government CIO". Computerworld UK. 20 January 2011.
- News Distribution Service Retrieved September 2011
- BBC 23 February 2012 report Retrieved 2012-07-08
- Department for Work and Pensions: Research, analysis and statistics
- Department for Works and Pensions - newsroom:20 January 2012 Retrieved 9 July 2012
- Scotland Act 1998, Schedule 5, Heads F&H
- Northern Ireland Act 1998, Part VIII, Social security, child support and pensions
- "DWP uses fake claimants in benefit sanctions leaflet". Dial2Donate. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
- Kevin Rawlinson; Frances Perraudin (18 August 2015). "DWP admits inventing quotes from fake 'benefits claimants' for sanctions leaflet". The Guardian.
- Kevin Rawlinson (21 August 2015). "Fake benefits claimant 'Zac' quoted in other DWP documents". The Guardian.
- The Minister for Work and Pensions, Iain Duncan-Smith, admits a leaflet about benefits containing fake quotes from fictitious claimants was 'wrong' Andrew Sparrow (24 August 2015). "Use of fake quotes in benefits leaflet 'quite wrong', Iain Duncan Smith admits". The Guardian.
- Stone, Jon (27 August 2015). "Thousands have died soon after being found 'fit to work' by the DWP's benefit tests". The Independent. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
- David Rankin (17 November 2015). "Hundreds of extra suicides in 'fit to work' regions, study finds". Times newspapers. Retrieved 17 November 2015.