Department of Cajamarca

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Department of Cajamarca
Flag of Department of Cajamarca
Flag
Official seal of Department of Cajamarca
Seal
Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
Location of the Cajamarca Region in Peru
Coordinates: 6°37′S 78°47′W / 6.61°S 78.78°W / -6.61; -78.78Coordinates: 6°37′S 78°47′W / 6.61°S 78.78°W / -6.61; -78.78
Country Peru
Subdivisions13 provinces and 127 districts
Largest cityCajamarca
CapitalCajamarca
Government
 • GovernorMesías Guevara Amasifuén
(2019–2022)
Area
 • Total33,317.54 km2 (12,863.97 sq mi)
Highest elevation
4,496 m (14,751 ft)
Lowest elevation
420 m (1,380 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total1,341,012
 • Density40/km2 (100/sq mi)
UBIGEO
06
Dialing code076
ISO 3166 codePE-CAJ
Websitewww.regioncajamarca.gob.pe

Cajamarca (Spanish pronunciation: [kaxaˈmaɾka]; Quechua: Kashamarka; Aymara: Qajamarka) is a department in Peru. The capital is the city of Cajamarca. It is located in the north part of the country and shares a border with Ecuador. It is located at heights reaching 2,700 metres (8,900 ft) above sea level in the Andes Mountain Range, the longest mountain range in the world. Part of its territory includes the Amazon Rainforest, in total the largest in the world.

History[edit]

The Wari' people conquered earlier cultures in the highlands. They established the administrative center of Wiraquchapampa.

In the 15th century, the Incas conquered the territory, expanding their empire. They established their regional capital in what is now Cajamarca. The Incas in 1465 established a new province there to serve as a bridge to their later conquests.

Cajamarca had long been one of the oldest cities in South America when the Spanish arrived in their conquest of Peru.

Political division[edit]

The Region is divided into 13 provinces.

Province (Capital)

  1. Cajabamba (Cajabamba)
  2. Cajamarca (Cajamarca)
  3. Celendín (Celendín)
  4. Chota (Chota)
  5. Contumazá (Contumazá)
  6. Cutervo (Cutervo)
  7. Hualgayoc (Bambamarca)
  8. Jaén (Jaén)
  9. San Ignacio (San Ignacio)
  10. San Marcos (San Marcos)
  11. San Miguel (San Miguel de Pallaques)
  12. San Pablo (San Pablo)
  13. Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de Succhubamba)

Places of interest[edit]

Notable people[edit]