Department of Transportation (Philippines)

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Department of Transportation
Kagawaran ng Transportasyon
Department of Transportation (Philippines).svg
Department overview
FormedJanuary 23, 1899
DissolvedJune 30, 2016 as Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC)
HeadquartersClark Freeport, Mabalacat, Pampanga
Annual budget₱66.3 billion (2018)[1]
Department executive
Websitewww.dotr.gov.ph

The Department of Transportation (DOTr; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Transportasyon) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the maintenance and expansion of viable, efficient, and dependable transportation systems as effective instruments for national recovery and economic progress.

The department is responsible for the country's land, air, sea communications infrastructure.

Until June 30, 2016, the department was named Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC; Filipino: Kagawarán ng Transportasyón at Komunikasyón). With Republic Act No. 10844 or "An Act Creating the Department of Information and Communications Technology", signed into law on May 20, 2016 during the administration of Outgoing President Benigno Aquino III, the Information and Communications Technology Office was spun off the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and merged with all operative units of the DOTC dealing with communications, to form the new Department of Information and Communications Technology.[2]

History[edit]

From 1899 to 1979 all transportation activities were integrated into the structure and activities of what is now today the Department of Public Works and Highways.

Early history[edit]

On July 28, 1979, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), headed by Minister José P. Dans Jr. was formally created pursuant to Executive Order No. 546. Under this Executive Order, the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications (MPWTC) was divided into two separate ministries: The Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) and the Ministry of Public Works and Highways (MPWH).

The MOTC became the primary policy, planning, programming, coordinating, implementing and administrative entity of the executive branch of the government in the promotion, development and regulation of a dependable and coordinated network of transportation and communication systems.

The infrastructure projects undertaken during this period included:

It was also during this period that the motor vehicle registration and control was improved with the introduction of permanent vehicle license plates and the staggered registration system. A bus leasing program provided an additional 1,000 new buses in Metro Manila.

The operations of both the Philippine National Railways and the Metro Manila Transit Corporation were improved and expanded. At the same time, the Manila South Line of the PNR serving the Bicol Region was rehabilitated.

Post-1986[edit]

On February 26, 1986, just after the 1986 EDSA Revolution, Congressman Hernando B. Pérez was appointed Minister of Transportation and Communication by President Corazon C. Aquino.

In March 1987, technocrat Rainerio O. Reyes, was appointed Minister of MOTC. Immediately after, the MOTC was reorganized pursuant to Executive Order Nos. 125, and 125-A. With these Executive Orders, the MOTC was made into a Department, under the Executive branch of the Government.

Under Secretary Reyes, the quasi-judicial functions of the Department were transferred to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, which was created through Executive Order No. 202.

Under Fidel V. Ramos[edit]

Jesus B. Garcia was appointed Secretary of the DOTC by President Fidel V. Ramos. Under Garcia, new entrants were allowed in the landline and cellular phone services, dilapidated taxi cabs were also phased out in favor of brand new and late model units.

Present[edit]

By 2016, the foundation of the Department of Information and Communications Technology caused the DOTC to become simply the DOTr as the DICT transferred the DOTC's communications agencies to it.

On July 2017, the Agency began transferring its main operations from its longtime Headquarters at Columbia Tower in Mandaluyong to Clark, Mabalacat, Pampanga.[3]

Currently, the DOTr is expected to pursue numerous projects as part of President Rodrigo Duterte's promise to usher in a "Golden Age of Infrastructure"[4] with PHP 3.6T worth of public infrastructure projects being rolled out from 2018 to 2022.

Ongoing projects[edit]

Railways[edit]

Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway)[edit]

The Line 9 or more popularly known as the Metro Manila Subway, originally named Mega Manila Subway, is an approved underground rapid transit line to be built initially in Metro Manila in the Philippines. Construction is projected to begin by 2018, and to finish by 2025.[5]

Line 2 East Extension[edit]

The Line 2 East Extension Project, is the currently under-construction eastward extension of Line 2, which adds 4-kilometer (2.5 mi) of new line, starting from the eastern terminus of Santolan Station in Marikinaup to Masinag in Antipolo. The project aims to accommodate an additional 80,000 passengers and reduce traffic congestion along Marcos Highway. When the project is completed, it will reduce travel time from Recto to Masinag from 3 hours to only 40 minutes. It is scheduled to be finished by 2019

PNR North-South Commuter Rail[edit]

The North-South Commuter Rail is an under-construction commuter rail from New Clark City in Capas, Tarlac to Calamba, Laguna. The North Line will have a length of 106-kilometer, from Tutuban Station in Manila to New Clark City, and is expected to be completed by 2021.[6][7] The South Line will be reconstructed as an electrified standard-gauge full double-track line.

Pre-construction work such as clearing of the right of way had been started in January 2018. Construction commenced in February 2019.[8][9]

Organizational Structure[edit]

The Department is headed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the following seven undersecretaries and thirteen assistant secretaries

  • Undersecretary for Administration and Finance
  • Undersecretary for Road and Infrastructure
  • Undersecretary for Aviation and Airports
  • Undersecretary for Railways
  • Undersecretary for Legal Affairs and Procurement
  • Undersecretary for Planning and Project Development
  • Undersecretary for Maritime
  • Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration and Finance
  • Assistant Secretary for Aviation Intelligence and Enforcement
  • Assistant Secretary for Procurement
  • Assistant Secretary for Communications
  • Assistant Secretaries for Maritime
  • Assistant Secretaries for Road Transport and Infrastructure
  • Assistant Secretary for Railways
  • Assistant Secretaries for Planning
  • Assistant Secretary for Project Implementation

Attached agencies[edit]

The Mitsubishi Adventure Patrol car of the Land Transportation Office in Butuan City

Land (Road)[edit]

Rail[edit]

Air[edit]

Sea[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

Secretaries of Transportation[edit]

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Minister of Public Works and Communications
1 Maximo Paterno January 21, 1899 November 13, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
2 Antonio de las Alas November 15, 1935 1936 Manuel Quezon
3 Mariano Jesús Cuenco 1936 1939
4 José Avelino 1939 1941
Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor
5 Basilio Valdes December 23, 1941 August 1, 1944 Manuel Quezon
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
6 Jose Paez 1944 1945 Sergio Osmeña
7 Sotero Cabahug 1945 May 28, 1946
8 Ricardo Nepumoceno May 28, 1946 July 1, 1949 Manuel Roxas
Elpidio Quirino
9 Propsero Sanidad February 21, 1950 1951
10 Sotero Baluyut January 6, 1951 1952
11 Pablo Lorenzo May 6, 1952 1953
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
12 Vicente Orosa March 10, 1954 1955 Ramon Magsaysay
13 Florencio Moreno April 30, 1955 December 30, 1961
Carlos P. Garcia
14 Marciano Bautista 1961 1962 Diosdado Macapagal
15 Paulino Cases 1962 1962
16 Brigido Valenica 1962 1963
17 Jorge Abad 1963 1965
18 Antonio V. Raquiza August 24, 1966 1968 Ferdinand Marcos
19 Rene Espina 1968 September 1969
20 Antonio Syquio September 1969 1970
21 David Consunji 1970 1975
22 Alfredo Juinio 1975 1978
Minister of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
Alfredo Juinio 1978 1981 Ferdinand Marcos
Minister of Transportation and Communications
23 Jose P. Dans 1981 1986 Ferdinand Marcos
Secretary of Transportation and Communications
24 Hernando B. Perez February 25, 1986 March 1987 Corazon Aquino
25 Rainerio O. Reyes March 1987 1989
26 Oscar Orbos January 3, 1990 December 9, 1990
27 Arturo Corona 1990 1992
28 Pete Nicomedes Prado 1992 1992
29 Jesus Garcia July 1992 March 1996 Fidel Ramos
30 Amado S. Lagdameo April 1996 April 1997
31 Arturo Enrile April 1997 January 1998
32 Josefina Trinidad-Luchauco January 1998 June 30, 1998
33 Vicente C. Rivera June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Estrada
34 Pantaleon Alvarez January 20, 2001 2002 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
35 Leandro Mendoza July 3, 2002 February 23, 2010
36 Anneli R. Lontoc (Acting) March 9, 2010 June 30, 2010
37 Jose De Jesus June 30, 2010 July 4, 2011 Benigno Aquino III
38 Mar Roxas July 4, 2011 October 18, 2012
39 Joseph Emilio Abaya October 18, 2012 June 30, 2016
Secretary of Transportation
40 Arthur Tugade June 30, 2016 Incumbent Rodrigo Duterte

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2018 People's Budget". DBM. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  2. ^ Sabillo, Kristine Angeli (May 23, 2016). "Dep't of Information and Communications Technology created". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  3. ^ News, Jacque Manabat, ABS-CBN. "DOTr begins transfer to Clark". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  4. ^ Camus, Ben O. de Vera, Jovic Yee, Miguel R. "Dutertenomics: 'Golden age of infrastructure'". Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  5. ^ DOTr to kick-off Mega Manila Subway construction in December ... www.gmanetwork.com/news/money/economy/...to...mega-manila-subway.../story/
  6. ^ 17 stations of Manila-Clark Railway revealed Rappler. Retrieved 2017-06-25.
  7. ^ DOTr leads marking of Manila-Clark railway’s 5 future stations Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2017-06-25.
  8. ^ News, Mark Demayo, ABS-CBN. "Phase 1 of North-South Commuter Railway project breaks ground". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2019-02-16.
  9. ^ "Construction of North-South Commuter Railway kicks off". philstar.com. Retrieved 2019-02-16.

External links[edit]