Department of Transportation (Philippines)
|Kagawaran ng Transportasyon|
|Formed||January 23, 1899|
|Dissolved||June 30, 2016 as Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC)|
|Headquarters||Clark Freeport, Mabalacat, Pampanga|
|Annual budget||₱99.39 billion (2020)|
The Department of Transportation (DOTr; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Transportasyon) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the maintenance and expansion of viable, efficient, and dependable transportation systems as effective instruments for national recovery and economic progress. It is responsible for the country's land, air, and sea communications infrastructure.
Until June 30, 2016, the department was named Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC; Filipino: Kagawarán ng Transportasyón at Komunikasyón). With Republic Act No. 10844 or "An Act Creating the Department of Information and Communications Technology", signed into law on May 20, 2016 during the administration of Outgoing President Benigno Aquino III, the Information and Communications Technology Office was spun off the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and merged with all operative units of the DOTC dealing with communications, to form the new Department of Information and Communications Technology.
From 1899 to 1979 all transportation activities were integrated into the structure and activities of what is now today the Department of Public Works and Highways.
On July 28, 1979, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), headed by Minister José P. Dans Jr. was formally created pursuant to Executive Order No. 546. Under this Executive Order, the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications (MPWTC) was divided into two separate ministries: The Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) and the Ministry of Public Works and Highways (MPWH).
The MOTC became the primary policy, planning, programming, coordinating, implementing and administrative entity of the executive branch of the government in the promotion, development and regulation of a dependable and coordinated network of transportation and communication systems.
The infrastructure projects undertaken during this period included:
- Light Rail Transit System
- Computer-Controlled Traffic Lights System
- Manila International Airport, renamed to Ninoy Aquino International Airport
- Central Post Offices in Makati, Caloocan, Quezon City, and San Juan
It was also during this period that the motor vehicle registration and control was improved with the introduction of permanent vehicle license plates and the staggered registration system. A bus leasing program provided an additional 1,000 new buses in Metro Manila.
The operations of both the Philippine National Railways and the Metro Manila Transit Corporation were improved and expanded. At the same time, the Manila South Line of the PNR serving the Bicol Region was rehabilitated.
In March 1987, technocrat Rainerio O. Reyes, was appointed Minister of MOTC. Immediately after, the MOTC was reorganized pursuant to Executive Order Nos. 125, and 125-A. With these Executive Orders, the MOTC was made into a Department, under the Executive branch of the Government.
Under Secretary Reyes, the quasi-judicial functions of the Department were transferred to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, which was created through Executive Order No. 202.
Under Fidel V. Ramos
Jesus B. Garcia was appointed Secretary of the DOTC by President Fidel V. Ramos. Under Garcia, new entrants were allowed in the landline and cellular phone services, dilapidated taxi cabs were also phased out in favor of brand new and late model units.
By 2016, the foundation of the Department of Information and Communications Technology caused the DOTC to become simply the DOTr as the DICT transferred the DOTC's communications agencies to it.
In July 2017, the Agency began transferring its main operations from its longtime headquarters at Columbia Tower in Mandaluyong to Clark, Mabalacat, Pampanga.
Currently, the DOTr is expected to pursue numerous projects as part of President Rodrigo Duterte's promise to usher in a "Golden Age of Infrastructure" with PHP 3.6T worth of public infrastructure projects being rolled out from 2018 to 2022.
Line 9 (Metro Manila Subway)
The Line 9 or more popularly known as the Metro Manila Subway, originally named Mega Manila Subway, is an approved underground rapid transit line to be built initially in Metro Manila in the Philippines. Construction is projected to begin by 2018, and to finish by 2025.
Line 2 East Extension
The Line 2 East Extension Project, is the currently under-construction eastward extension of Line 2, which adds 4-kilometer (2.5 mi) of new line, starting from the eastern terminus of Santolan Station in Marikinaup to Masinag in Antipolo. The project aims to accommodate an additional 80,000 passengers and reduce traffic congestion along Marcos Highway. When the project is completed, it will reduce travel time from Recto to Masinag from 3 hours to only 40 minutes. It is scheduled to be finished by 2019
PNR North-South Commuter Rail
The North-South Commuter Rail is an under-construction commuter rail from New Clark City in Capas, Tarlac to Calamba, Laguna. The North Line will have a length of 106-kilometer, from Tutuban Station in Manila to New Clark City, and is expected to be completed by 2021. The South Line will be reconstructed as an electrified standard-gauge full double-track line.
The Department is headed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the following seven undersecretaries and thirteen assistant secretaries
- Undersecretary for Administration and Finance
- Undersecretary for Road and Infrastructure
- Undersecretary for Aviation and Airports
- Undersecretary for Railways
- Undersecretary for Legal Affairs and Procurement
- Undersecretary for Planning and Project Development
- Undersecretary for Maritime
- Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs
- Assistant Secretary for Administration and Finance
- Assistant Secretary for Aviation Intelligence and Enforcement
- Assistant Secretary for Procurement
- Assistant Secretary for Communications
- Assistant Secretaries for Maritime
- Assistant Secretaries for Road Transport and Infrastructure
- Assistant Secretary for Railways
- Assistant Secretaries for Planning
- Assistant Secretary for Project Implementation
- Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB)
- Land Transportation Office (LTO)
- Toll Regulatory Board (TRB)
- Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA)
- Metro Rail Transit Corporation Though MRTC is not under the government, the DOTr supervises the operation of Line 3 (MRTC)
- Philippine National Railways (PNR)
- Philippine Railway Institute (PRI)
- Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC)
- Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB)
- Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines (CAAP)
- Davao International Airport Authority (DIAA)
- Mactan–Cebu International Airport Authority (MCIAA)
- Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA-NAIA)
- Cebu Port Authority (CPA)
- Maritime Industry Authority (MARINA)
- Philippine Coast Guard (PCG)
- Philippine Merchant Marine Academy (PMMA)
- Philippine Ports Authority (PPA)
Secretaries of Transportation
|#||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President|
|Minister of Public Works and Communications|
|1||Maximo Paterno||January 21, 1899||November 13, 1899||Emilio Aguinaldo|
|Secretary of Public Works and Communications|
|2||Antonio de las Alas||November 15, 1935||1936||Manuel Quezon|
|3||Mariano Jesús Cuenco||1936||1939|
|Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor|
|5||Basilio Valdes||December 23, 1941||August 1, 1944||Manuel Quezon|
|Secretary of Public Works and Communications|
|6||Jose Paez||1944||1945||Sergio Osmeña|
|7||Sotero Cabahug||1945||May 28, 1946|
|8||Ricardo Nepumoceno||May 28, 1946||July 1, 1949||Manuel Roxas|
|9||Propsero Sanidad||February 21, 1950||1951|
|10||Sotero Baluyut||January 6, 1951||1952|
|11||Pablo Lorenzo||May 6, 1952||1953|
|Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications|
|12||Vicente Orosa||March 10, 1954||1955||Ramon Magsaysay|
|13||Florencio Moreno||April 30, 1955||December 30, 1961|
|Carlos P. Garcia|
|14||Marciano Bautista||1961||1962||Diosdado Macapagal|
|18||Antonio V. Raquiza||August 24, 1966||1968||Ferdinand Marcos|
|19||Rene Espina||1968||September 1969|
|20||Antonio Syquio||September 1969||1970|
|Minister of Public Works, Transportation and Communications|
|Alfredo Juinio||1978||1981||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Minister of Transportation and Communications|
|23||Jose P. Dans||1981||1986||Ferdinand Marcos|
|Secretary of Transportation and Communications|
|24||Hernando B. Perez||February 25, 1986||March 1987||Corazon Aquino|
|25||Rainerio O. Reyes||March 1987||1989|
|26||Oscar Orbos||January 3, 1990||December 9, 1990|
|28||Pete Nicomedes Prado||1992||1992|
|29||Jesus Garcia||July 1992||March 1996||Fidel Ramos|
|30||Amado S. Lagdameo||April 1996||April 1997|
|31||Arturo Enrile||April 1997||January 1998|
|32||Josefina Trinidad-Luchauco||January 1998||June 30, 1998|
|33||Vicente C. Rivera||June 30, 1998||January 20, 2001||Joseph Estrada|
|34||Pantaleon Alvarez||January 20, 2001||2002||Gloria Macapagal Arroyo|
|35||Leandro Mendoza||July 3, 2002||February 23, 2010|
|36||Anneli R. Lontoc (Acting)||March 9, 2010||June 30, 2010|
|37||Jose De Jesus||June 30, 2010||July 4, 2011||Benigno Aquino III|
|38||Mar Roxas||July 4, 2011||October 18, 2012|
|39||Joseph Emilio Abaya||October 18, 2012||June 30, 2016|
|Secretary of Transportation|
|40||Arthur Tugade||June 30, 2016||Incumbent||Rodrigo Duterte|
- Rey, Aika (January 8, 2020). "Where will the money go?". Rappler. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
- Sabillo, Kristine Angeli (May 23, 2016). "Dep't of Information and Communications Technology created". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
- Manabat, Jacque (July 28, 2017). "DOTr begins transfer to Clark". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- de Vera, Ben O.; Yee, Jovic; Camus, Miguel R. (April 19, 2017). "Dutertenomics: 'Golden age of infrastructure'". Inquirer.net. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
- Cordero, Ted (August 2, 2018). "DOTr to kick-off Mega Manila Subway construction in December". GMA News Online.
- Dela Paz, Chrisee (June 25, 2017). "17 stations of Manila-Clark Railway announced". Rappler. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Aning, Jerome (June 25, 2017). "DOTr leads marking of Manila-Clark railway's 5 future stations". Inquirer. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Demayo, Mark (February 15, 2019). "Phase 1 of North-South Commuter Railway project breaks ground". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
- Mercurio, Richmond (February 16, 2019). "Construction of North-South Commuter Railway kicks off". Philstar. Retrieved February 16, 2019.