Department of the Army Civilian Police

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Not to be confused with the Military Police Corps (United States). This page is about the Department of the Army's civilian police force.

Department of the Army Civilian Police
Badges of the Department of the Army Civilian Police / Guard
Badges of the Department of the Army Civilian Police / Guard
AbbreviationDACP
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agencyUnited States
Operations jurisdictionUnited States
General nature
Operational structure
Sworn membersPolice Officer (Federal Civil Service GS-0083)
Unsworn membersGuard (Federal Civil Service GS-0085)
Parent agencyUnited States Department of the Army

Department of the Army Civilian Police are the uniformed and plainclothes civilian police officers and detectives of the United States Army.

They are also referred to as DoD Police. The Department of the Army Civilian Police (DACP) are responsible for law enforcement on U.S. Army–owned and –leased buildings, facilities, properties and other U.S. Army assets.

In overseas locations or in areas of concurrent jurisdiction, Department of the Army Civilian Police are responsible for the protection and policing of DOD-affiliated personnel, performing police liaison work with foreign police agencies, and investigating incidents involving personnel of the U.S. Armed Forces.

It is important to note that "Department of Defense Police" is a phrase that refers to any civil service employee engaged in police duties for the Department of Defense and its component branches of the US Armed Forces. There is no one unified agency that goes under the title "Department of Defense Police".

There are several police forces that use the title "DoD police", such as the Pentagon Police, Defense Logistics Agency Police, Navy Civilian Police (NCP), Army Civilian Police (DACP), Marine Corps Civilian Police (MCCIVPOL) and Air Force Civilian Police (DAFCP).

The Department of the Army also has Department of the Army Guards (or DASG), who are uniformed, armed security officers.

Civil service series 0083 (Police)[edit]

A Department of the Army civilian police officer (DACP) is assigned the federal occupational series code "0083", the code reserved for federal police officers and detectives in the civil service. These detectives and police officers investigate crimes that are not pursued by the CID.

Civil service series 0085 (Guard)[edit]

US Army Civilian Guard badging ceremony

A Department of the Army Guard (DASG) is an armed, uniformed, civilian guard that provides physical security and access control at US Army locations, in conjunction with DACP.[1][2][3]

The uniform is almost identical to DACP, but with "GUARD" rather than "POLICE" on the shoulder patch and badge.[4] Equipment and firearms are the same as DACP.

Jurisdiction[5][edit]

DACP officers and investigators derive their law enforcement authority from Section 2672 of Title 10 (10 USC 2672) of the United States Code.

10 USC 2672: The Secretary of Defense may designate military or civilian personnel of the Department of Defense as officers and agents to perform the functions of the Secretary under subsection (a), including, with regard to civilian officers and agents, duty in areas outside the property specified in that subsection to the extent necessary to protect that property and persons on that property.

Powers[edit]

While engaged in the performance of official duties pursuant to this section, an officer or agent designated under subsection (b) may—

  1. enforce federal laws and regulations for the protection of persons and property;
  2. carry firearms;
  3. make arrests—
  • without a warrant for any offense against the United States committed in the presence of the officer or agent; or
  • for any felony cognizable under the laws of the United States, if the officer or agent has reasonable grounds to believe that the person to be arrested has committed or is committing a felony;
  1. serve warrants and subpoenas issued under the authority of the United States; and
  2. conduct investigations, on and off the property in question, of offenses that may have been committed against property under the jurisdiction, custody, or control of the Department of Defense or persons on such property.

Futhermore,

On duty DACP/DASGs are considered part of the Department of the Army, therefore, are subject to the restrictions on aid to civilian law enforcement imposed by 18 USC 1385 (The Posse Comitatus Act). Accordingly, any proposed aid to civilian law enforcement must be reviewed by the servicing SJA.

[6]

Duties[edit]

At many installations, Department of Army Civilian Police officers augment military police personnel and are distributed throughout the chain of command of each installation's Directorate of Emergency Services.

Some installations have only civilian police present while others work closely with military police. A newly hired officer can expect to perform a variety of law enforcement roles including patrol, crime-prevention, investigations, special reaction team, and police administrative functions.

Force Protection and Patrol[edit]

One major function of a Department of the Army Civilian Police officer is to conduct force protection duties. Department of the Army Civilian Police officers conduct law enforcement patrols within the installation and, depending on local policy, in areas off of the installation where military affiliated personnel frequent.

Officers patrol the installation and check that physical security measures such as fences and lighting are in good working order.

Traffic[edit]

An officer can conduct traffic stops for motor vehicle violations. Each base adopts the surrounding state's motor vehicle laws under the Assimilative Crimes Act (see Federal Jurisdiction).

There are two types of citations that may be issued: the DD Form 1408 Armed Forces Traffic Ticket, and the DD Form 1805 Central Violations Bureau Violation Notice (CVB).

  • The type of citation(s) issued are authorized at the local command level. The DD Form 1408 does not have any monetary fines associated with it.
  • The DD Form 1805 Violation Notice does however establish fines and a hearing system through the U.S. Magistrate.

Calls for service[edit]

Department of the Army Civilian Police officers and military police personnel respond to all calls for law enforcement assistance that take place within the installation. If the crime is found to be a major felony, then the matter is generally referred to the special agents of the applicable military investigative agency (Army CID, Army Counterintelligence, NCIS, OSI, FBI, etc.) depending on the agency's purview.

There are increasing opportunities for participation in specialized roles. Department of the Army Civilian Police officers may serve as K-9 officers or members of a special reaction team (SRT).

Requirements of DACP Officers[edit]

Design and layout of the U.S. Department of the Army Civilian Police and Guard Badge

A major requirement of any potential Department of the Army Civilian Police officer is to pass a medical exam. There is typically an uncorrected vision requirement, candidates must have normal color vision, depth perception, and sufficiently good corrected vision.

Department of the Army Civilian Police officers are required to obtain and maintain a "Secret" clearance. The background investigation must show the candidate to be free of substantial debt or foreign influence. Under the Lautenberg Amendment, officers cannot have any convictions for domestic violence. Some installations may require an interview with the candidate.

Candidates are currently required to take and pass a physical fitness test. This test is a modified version of the test that is required by military members. Army regulations require the officers pass this test annually, something not typically required of local city or town police officers (though they may take one in their respective academies).

As of 2014 the Department of the Army no longer grants waivers to any patrol level officer, all interested candidates must now attend a 9-week academy at Fort Leonard Wood, MO.

Training[edit]

A DACP officer training on a firing range.

Department of the Army Civilian Police officers must attend a (resident) police academy approved by the Office of the Provost Marshal General (OPMG). The U.S. Army sends their civilian officers to a police academy that is a minimum of nine weeks long. A waiver of training may no longer be given by the OPMG, unless reclassifying from an 1811 (Federal Agent) to 0083 (Federal Police). Or transferring from another 0083 (Federal Police) agency and have completed a DoD approved or VA approved course.

There is one academy in Missouri. They give an overview of topics such as IED detection, basic patrolling techniques, the Uniform Code of Military Justice, physical security concepts, and other police skills. This academy is designed around the specific needs of the US Army, and do not resemble a state or FLETC run academy. However, the DACP Academy is accredited by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Accreditation (FLETA) organization. FLETA also accredits FLETC, U.S. Marshals, F.B.I and numerous other federal law enforcement agencies. The curriculum in these academies is based upon the same topics that a military member would learn in their advanced individual training schools after basic training. Annual in-service training for the DACP (sometimes called "annual sustainment training") normally totals about two hundred and forty hours a year. This refresher training is conducted in conjunction with the officer's military member counterparts.

Officers selected for a position on an installation's special reaction team (SRT) must attend the same training as their military counterparts. Training is held at Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri.

Department of the Army Civilian Police officers are highly trained and skilled professionals, many of whom have prior law enforcement and military experience. Post 9-11 Police Departments have tightened their professional standards. Both classroom training and physical training have been intensified in response to real world terrorist threats.

Rank Structure[edit]

DACP rank structure is similar to other police, federal police and DoD law-enforcement agencies. Rank insignia is very similar to the US Army's rank insignia.[7]

Table[edit]

Rank structure of the Department of the Army Civilian Police[8]
Rank Director Deputy Director Captain Lieutenant Sergeant Officer
Insignia US-O5 insignia.svg US-O4 insignia.svg Captain insignia gold.svg US-O1 insignia.svg AK - Trooper Sergeant.png No insignia

Uniform and Equipment[edit]

Uniform[edit]

DAF Police wear a dark blue style uniform, similar to DLA Police, Department of the Air Force Police, etc., in two formats:

  • Standard - dark blue trousers, shirt, necktie, campaign hat, v-neck jumper, windbreaker jacket
  • Utility - similar to above, but metal is generally removed and the ball cap is worn, with no ties

[9] Some officers, on certain duties, may wear an overt equipment vest with "POLICE" markings and DCAP insignia.

There is a specific DCAP shoulder patch, badge and the rank insignia is similar to the US Army and DAF Police.[10]

DCAP officers who serve in a game warden capacity wear a tan-brown uniform, but keep the DCAP patches and badges.

Firearms and Equipment[edit]

DAF Police Officers are armed with a Beretta 92, designated as M9 service pistol in Level 3 retention holster, spare magazines in pouches, as well as a Taser stun gun,[11] baton, OC spray, handcuffs in pouch, radio, torch, first aid kit and notebook & pen.[12][13]

Wet weather kit, traffic vests and cold weather kit is also issued when necessary.[14]

DACP also may use flak vests (body armour), Kevlar helmets, protective masks and the such like. [15]

Vehicles[edit]

DAF Police use the same vehicles as their active duty counterparts in the Military Police, such as the Chevrolet Impala and Ford Police Interceptor, with a wide variety of liveries, colours and decals. All are equipped with red, blue, white - or a combination of - flashing beacons.[16]

Notable events[edit]

Officers killed in line of duty[edit]

  • Police Officer Harry S. White[23]
  • Forest Ranger John Sidney Mott[24]
  • Police Officer Albee V. Forney[25]
  • Sergeant Dennis H. Marcotte[26]
  • Police Officer Patrick Sirois[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.army.mil/article/178063/department_of_army_security_guards_sought
  2. ^ https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/classification-qualifications/general-schedule-qualification-standards/0000/security-guard-series-0085/
  3. ^ https://www.army.mil/article/96087/da_security_guards_to_man_gates
  4. ^ https://www.supplyroom.com/us-military/product/59954/department-of-army-guard-full-color-hat-size-patch/
  5. ^ https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid:USC-prelim-title10-section2672&num=0&edition=prelim
  6. ^ https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r190_56.pdf
  7. ^ https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r190_56.pdf
  8. ^ https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r190_56.pdf
  9. ^ https://www.army.mil/article/220482/department_of_the_army_civilian_police_fort_campbell_law_enforcement_professionals
  10. ^ https://www.jbsa.mil/News/News/Article/598713/jbsa-civilian-police-officers-now-wearing-insignias-to-display-rank/
  11. ^ https://api.army.mil/e2/c/images/2019/04/17/549747/max1200.jpg
  12. ^ https://media-exp1.licdn.com/dms/image/C561BAQEk7C-vBJP4Jg/company-background_10000/0/1563809568461?e=2159024400&v=beta&t=k3aOMOJYOfMkgWqpDTv-LnyT24r9-QT7cuLnQEbR_eQ
  13. ^ https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r190_56.pdf
  14. ^ https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r190_56.pdf
  15. ^ https://armypubs.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/r190_56.pdf
  16. ^ http://militarypd.50webs.com/mp.html
  17. ^ "Authorities ID Fort Bliss Gunman as Retired Army Sergeant". Fox News/Associated Press. 2010-09-21.
  18. ^ "Bliss Gunman was Retired Army Sergeant". Military.com. 2010-09-21.
  19. ^ "Man With Land Mine Arrested at Ft. Gordon". Military.com. 2010-06-16.
  20. ^ Hylton, Hilary (2009-11-06). "Fort Hood Hero: Who Is Kimberly Munley?". Time.com. Archived from the original on November 8, 2009.
  21. ^ Schapiro, Rick (2009-11-12). "Civilian cop Mark Todd was REAL hero whose shots ended Ft. Hood masscare, says his mom!". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  22. ^ "Fort Drum issues statement on soldier's shooting". MyABC50.com. 2008-02-10.
  23. ^ "Police Officer Harry S. White, United States War Department - Muscle Shoals Nitrate Plant Police, U.S. Government". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  24. ^ "Forest Ranger John Sidney Mott, United States Department of Defense - Fort Bragg Conservation Law Enforcement, U.S. Government". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  25. ^ "Officer Albee Volney Forney, United States Department of Defense - Walter Reed Army Medical Center Police, U.S. Government". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  26. ^ "Sergeant Dennis H. Marcotte, United States Department of Defense - Selfridge Air National Guard Base Police, U.S. Government". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  27. ^ "Police Officer Patrick Sirois, United States Department of Defense - Fort Hood Police Department, U.S. Government". Odmp.org. Retrieved 2012-05-17.

External links[edit]