Departments of Honduras

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Honduras
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Honduras is divided into 18 departments (departamentos). Each department is headed by a governor, who is appointed by the President of Honduras. The governor represents the executive branch in the region in addition to acting as intermediary between municipalities and various national authorities; resolves issues arising between municipalities; oversees the penitentiaries and prisons in his department; and regularly works with the various Secretaries of State that form the President's Cabinet. To be eligible for appointment as governor, the individual must a) live for five consecutive years in the department; b) be Honduran; c) be older than 18 years of age and; d) know to read and write.[1][2][3]

Evolution of Honduras's territorial organization[edit]

1825: The constitutional congress convened in that year orders that the state be divided into seven departments: Comayagua, Santa Bárbara, Tegucigalpa, Choluteca, Yoro, Olancho, and Gracias (later renamed Lempira).

1834: An extraordinary constitutional assembly reduces the number of departments to four: this attempt fails to prosper, and the 1825 division remains in force.

1869: Congress orders the creation of the departments of La Paz (broken away from Comayagua), El Paraíso (from Tegucigalpa and Olancho), Copán (from Gracias), and La Mosquitia (from Yoro).

1872: A department called Victoria is ordered to be split from Choluteca, but this never comes into effect. Islas de la Bahía department is founded (the islands were ceded to Honduras by the United Kingdom in 1860).

1881: Parts of Yoro and La Mosquitia are separated to form Colón department.

1883: Intibucá department is formed from sections of La Paz and Gracias.

1893: Valle department (split from Choluteca) and Cortés department (split from Santa Bárbara) are created.

1902: Parts of Yoro and Colón are taken to form the new department of Atlántida.

1906: Ocotepeque department is created by dividing the territory of Copán.

1957: Colón is divided in two to create Gracias a Dios department.

Departments of Honduras[edit]

HondurasDivisions.png
Department Department Capital Population (2001 census) Population (2013 census)[4] Population Change (%) Area (km2)[5]
1. Atlántida La Ceiba 344,099 436,252 18.44% 4,372
2. Choluteca Choluteca 390,805 437,618 17.48% 4,360
3. Colón Trujillo 246,708 309,926 18.98% 8,249
4. Comayagua Comayagua 352,881 493,466 25.33% 5,124
5. Copán Santa Rosa de Copán 288,766 371,057 25.44% 3,242
6. Cortés San Pedro Sula 1,202,510 1,562,394 30.58% 3,923
7. El Paraíso Yuscarán 350,054 455,507 22.05% 7,489
8. Francisco Morazán Tegucigalpa 1,180,676 1,508,906 21.44% 8,619
9. Gracias a Dios Puerto Lempira 67,384 90,765 31.06% 16,997
10. Intibucá La Esperanza 179,862 232,553 29.27% 3,123
11. Islas de la Bahía Roatán 38,073 62,557 29.12% 236
12. La Paz La Paz 156,560 198,926 25.40% 2,331
13. Lempira Gracias 250,067 321,179 26.19% 4,234
14. Ocotepeque Nueva Ocotepeque 108,029 146,030 22.61% 1,630
15. Olancho Juticalpa 419,561 520,761 21.45% 24,057
16. Santa Bárbara Santa Bárbara 342,054 421,337 17.63% 5,024
17. Valle Nacaome 151,841 174,511 13.02% 1,665
18. Yoro Yoro 465,414 570,595 18.63% 7,781
Total - - 6,535,344 8,303,771 27.06% 112,457

Population data source: http://www.geohive.com/cntry/honduras.aspx

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]