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Coordinates: 6°23′38″S 106°49′21″E / 6.3940°S 106.8225°E / -6.3940; 106.8225
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City of Depok
Kota Depok
Other transcription(s)
 • Sundaneseᮓᮨᮕᮧᮊ᮪
Skyline of Depok
Flag of Depok
Coat of arms of Depok
Kota Belimbing
(Starfruit City)
Paricara Darma
(Servant of the righteousness)
Location within West Java
Location within West Java
Depok City is located in Java
Depok City
Depok City
Location in Java and Indonesia
Depok City is located in Indonesia
Depok City
Depok City
Depok City (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 6°23′38″S 106°49′21″E / 6.3940°S 106.8225°E / -6.3940; 106.8225
Country Indonesia
Province West Java
 • MayorMohammad Idris (PKS)
 • Vice MayorImam Budi Hartono
 • Total199.91 km2 (77.19 sq mi)
93 m (305 ft)
Highest elevation
140 m (459 ft)
Lowest elevation
50 m (164 ft)
 (mid 2023 estimate)
 • Total2,145,400
 • Rank8th
 • Density11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indonesia Western Time)
164xx, 165xx
Area code(+62) 21/251
Vehicle registrationB
HDI (2022)Increase 0.819 (very high)

Depok (Sundanese:ᮓᮨᮕᮧᮊ᮪) is a landlocked city in West Java province. It is located directly south of Jakarta within the Jakarta Metropolitan Area in Indonesia. It has an area of 199.91 km2. It had a population of 1,738,600 at the 2010 census[2] and 2,056,400 at the 2020 census;[3] the official estimate as at mid 2023 was 2,145,400 (comprising 1,080,541 males and 1,064,859 females), resulting in a density of 10,731.8 people per km2.[4] Depok was created as a separate city on 20 April 1999, having previously been part of Bogor Regency. It constitutes the second most populous suburban city in Indonesia (after Bekasi), and the tenth most populous suburban city globally.



There are two possible origins of the name 'Depok'. The first is that it the region was already known as Depok when the land was bought by Cornelis Chastelein, a senior official in the Dutch East India Company in 1696 and that on 18 May 1696, a former VOC officer Cornelis Chastelein bought land with an area of 12.44 km2, 6.2% the area of today's Depok. Besides cultivating the area with industrial plants with the help of the locals, Chastelein was active as a missionary, preaching Christianity to the indigenous Indonesians. To this end, he established a local congregation named De Eerste Protestante Organisatie van Christenen (DEPOC). In the 1950s, the claim that this acronym led to the modern name for Depok emerged among the community of people from Depok living in the Netherlands.[5] An alternative explanation for the name is that it comes from the Indonesian word padepokan, meaning 'shrine', as the location had been used as a religious retreat before Chastelein's purchase of the land.[6]

Before his death on 28 June 1714, Chastelein had written a will that freed the slave families of Depok and gave them pieces of his land, converting slaves into landlords. In 1714, the 12 slave families became landlords (forever as given to them with entitlement deeds of the owner Chastelien in his will) and freed men, women, and children. The freed slaves are also referred to as the Mardijker's – the word Merdeka meaning freedom in Bahasa Indonesia. June 28 is designated as Depokse Daag (Depok Day) by the original Depok family, and on 28 June 2014, commemorating 300 years, they formally opened a 3-meter height monument on its own land, but it was prohibited by the Government as it referred to Dutch colonialization.[7]

The 12 original Depok family names are:[8]

  • Bacas
  • Isakh
  • Jacob
  • Jonathans
  • Joseph
  • Laurens
  • Leander
  • Loen
  • Sadokh
  • Samuel
  • Soedira
  • Tholense

The original slave families of Depok are of Balinese, Ambonese, Buginese, Sundanese and Portuguese Indo, i.e., Mestizo and Mardijker descent. Isakh, Jacob, Jonathans, Joseph, and Samuel were family names baptized by Chastelein after the slave families converted to Protestant Christianity. The other families retained their original names and might have been (Roman Catholic) Christian already before joining Chastelein's Protestant church. Descendants of the original Depok families with the exception of the Sadokh family, still live in Indonesia, the Netherlands, Norway, Canada and the United States.[9][8]

In 1871, the colonial government gave Depok a special status allowing the area to form its own government and president. The ruling no longer stood after 1952, where the Depok presidency ceded its control of Depok to the Indonesian government except for a few areas.

During the Bersiap (Indonesian civil war and war for independence from The Netherlands) period of 1945 much of Depok was destroyed and many of its inhabitants killed by 'Pemuda'.[10] Many of the original Depok families fled for their lives from Indonesia during the Indonesian revolution and now live in the Netherlands as part of the Indo community there.[11]

In March 1982, Depok was reclassified as an administrative city within Bogor Regency and, in 1999, as a city headed by a mayor. Then on 20 April 1999, the city of Depok was unified with some neighbouring districts of Bogor Regency to form an autonomous city of Depok (independent of the Regency) with an area of 199.91 km2.[12] This date is commemorated as the date of the establishment of the city.


Administration of Depok City

Depok is headed by a mayor, with a legislative assembly. Both the mayor and the members of the legislative assembly are elected by direct vote.


  • Mochammad Rukasah Suradimadja (1982–1984)
  • Mochammad Ibid Tamdjid (1984–1988)
  • Abdul Wachyan (1988–1991)
  • Mochammad Masduki (1991–1992)
  • Sofyan Safari Hamim (1992–1996)
  • Badrul Kamal (1997–2005)
  • Nur Mahmudi Ismail (2006–2016)
  • Mohammad Idris (2016–present)

Administrative districts


The city of Depok is divided into eleven districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 census[2] and the 2020 census,[3] together with the official estimates as at mid 2023.[4] The table also includes the number of administrative villages (all classed as urban kelurahan) in each district and its postal codes.

Name of
mid 2023
32.76.03 Sawangan 26.07 123,571 178,900 197,170 7 16511 - 16519
32.76.11 Bojongsari 19.41 99,735 135,700 146,810 7 16516 - 16518
32.76.01 Pancoran Mas 18.05 210,514 245,000 253,360 6 16431 - 16436
32.76.07 Cipayung 11.375 127,917 171,600 184,930 5 16436 - 16439
32.76.05 Sukmajaya 17.37 232,308 252,500 256,060 6 16411 - 16418
32.76.08 Cilodong 15.38 125,014 168,200 181,410 5 16413 - 16415
32.76.02 Cimanggis 21.78 241,979 252,000 252,370 6 16451 - 16454
32.76.10 Tapos 33.43 216,215 263,400 276,010 7 16451 - 16459
32.76.06 Beji 14.63 165,903 171,700 171,660 6 16421 - 16426
32.76.04 Limo 11.89 87,953 115,700 124,020 4 16512 - 16515
32.76.09 Cinere 10.53 107,461 101,700 101,600 4 16512 - 16514
Total city 199.91 1,738,570 2,056,400 2,145,400 63




Map of the distribution of Sundanese language in Depok.
  Sundanese in Depok as a majority
  Sundanese in Depok as a minority

In Depok there are areas where the majority of the people speak Sundanese, namely Leuwinanggung and Cimpaeun urban villages (kelurahan) in Tapos District and there are also several other districts whose people speak Sundanese, as in Cimanggis and Cilodong.[13]



Shopping and dining


Depok has a growing eclectic collection of malls and traditional markets. Older malls or other notable shopping centers include D'mall Depok, Ciplaz Depok, and SixtyOne Building, and ITC Depok. Depok has many local restaurants and has wide presence of international chains.

Modern-day landmarks that were once known as Depok's primary shopping centers include Ramanda (now an autoshop plus education centre), Hero Supermarket (now Index Home Furnishings) etc.

There are many shopping centers in Depok, such as:

Traditional markets include Pasar Depok Baru, Pasar Depok Lama (short: Pasar Lama), Pasar Kemiri (originally expanded to facilitate the move of Pasar Lama traders), Pasar PAL, Pasar Agung, Pasar Musi, Pasar Cisalak, and Pasar Majapahit.



Alun Alun Depok or Depok Square is equipped with various sports facilities such as a basketball court, futsal, skateboard, wall climbing, BMX arena, children's playground, fish pond, fountain, and others.[16] Godongijo Conservation and Education Park is located in Depok. The park provides children and teachers alike the ability to get up close and personal with nature. There are also other children's amusement parks in the city such as Depok Fantasi Waterpark, Taman Pemuda Pratama, and Pondok Zidane.



The following universities are located in Depok:

Depok has several private language schools, namely EF English First, Kinderfield Highfield Depok, International Language Programs (ILP), Lembaga Indonesia Amerika (LIA), The British Institute (TBI), Lembaga Pendidikan Indonesia - Amerika (LPIA), and several other smaller establishments. These are all along Margonda Raya and Cinere Raya, among main roads that pass through Depok. In Depok City itself, for Madrasah Tsanawiyah (MTs) there are around[weasel words] 72 schools.[17][18][19]


Mahakam Stadium, homebase of Persikad Depok

Depok is the home town of the Persikad Depok and Dejan FC football team who currently plays in the Liga 3.



Toll road access

KM Toll road Destination
13 Jagorawi Toll Road Cibubur, Cikeas, Cileungsi, Jonggol
28 Jakarta Outer Ring Road Pasar Minggu, Lenteng Agung
16 Cinere-Jagorawi Toll Road Cisalak, Juanda, Margonda
13 Depok–Antasari Toll Road Sawangan, Parung, Ciputat, Serpong, Billabong, Bogor

Public transportation

Depok Station

Angkot is the major means of public transportation in Depok. Go-Jek and Grab and taxicabs are easily available. Depok is connected to other areas of greater Jakarta by KRL Commuterline, TransJakarta & Jabodebek LRT. Depok Lama, Depok Baru Station, Universitas Indonesia Station, Pondok Cina Station and Citayam Station of KRL Commuterline commuter train service located within Depok. Commuter train and Light metro is widely used to travel to Jakarta city center and other parts of Greater Jakarta, but is very crowded during peak hours.



Depok is served by Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Meanwhile Pondok Cabe Airport is located at South Tangerang in borders with Depok, but doesn't have regular scheduled air service.

Twin towns – sister cities


Depok is twinned with:

See also



  1. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kota Depok Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.3276)
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 28 February 2024, Kota Depok Dalam Angka 2024 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.3276)
  5. ^ Barley, Tasa Nugraza. "The Forgotten Bule Depok – Good News from Indonesia". Archived from the original on 2016-05-02. Retrieved 2016-10-18.
  6. ^ Wahyu Adityo Prodjo (27 April 2021). "Berbagai Cerita Asal-usul Nama Depok, dari Padepokan hingga Akronim Komunitas Belanda-Depok" [Stories about the Origin of the Nema Depok, from Shrine to an Acronym from the Dutch-Depok Community] (in Indonesian). Retrieved 4 June 2023.
  7. ^ Hidayat, Rachmat (September 6, 2014). "Tugu Chastelein Dilarang Berdiri di Depok". Archived from the original on September 8, 2014.
  8. ^ a b "Jakarta Globe article". Archived from the original on August 29, 2010.
  9. ^ "Depok". www.depok.nl. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24.
  10. ^ Meijer, Hans. ‘In Indie geworteld, de Geschiedenis van Indische Nederlanders, de twintigste eeuw.’ (Publisher Bert Bakker, Amsterdam, 2004) P.245 ISBN 90-351-2617-3
  11. ^ (in Dutch) Dutch Depok community Website. Retrieved 20 May 2010. Archived 20 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "depok.go.id". Archived from the original on October 11, 2006.
  13. ^ "Bahasa Sunda di Kota Depok, Belum Prioritas Tapi Tetap Menggeliat". www.radardepok.com (in Indonesian). 26 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 January 2023. Retrieved 1 January 2023.
  14. ^ Margocity. "Margocity". www.margocity.com. Archived from the original on 2007-01-08.
  15. ^ "Menara Depok Asri Hadirkan Pesona Square, Mall Dengan Konsep Baru di Depok". Tribun News. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  16. ^ "Depok Square, The City's New Attraction". Tempo. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  17. ^ "72 Madrasah Tsanawiyah di Kota depok". Info Depok Website. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  18. ^ "MTs Negeri Kota Depok".
  19. ^ "MTs Yapima". Mts Yapima Website. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  20. ^ "Depok: The front line in Indonesia's fight against waste". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 2017-10-04.