|Purple carrot-seed moth imago
sensu Haworth, 1811
Depressaria is a moth genus of the superfamily Gelechioidea. It is the type genus of subfamily Depressariinae, which is often – particularly in older treatments – considered a distinct family Depressariidae or included in the Elachistidae, but actually seems to belong in the Oecophoridae.
The genus' type species is the parsnip moth. Its scientific name has been much confused for about 200 years. A.H. Haworth, on establishing the genus Depressaria in his 1811 issues of Lepidoptera Britannica, called the eventual type species Phalaena heraclei, an unjustified emendation of P. (Tortrix) heracliana. In this he followed such entomologists of his time as A.J. Retzius, who in 1783 had believed the parsnip moth to be a species originally described by C. Linnaeus in 1758. But in fact, this was a misidentification; Linnaeus' moth was actually the one known today as Agonopterix heracliana. To make matters worse, J. Curtis popularized another incorrect spelling, D. heracleana, apparently first introduced (as Pyralis heracleana) by J.C. Fabricius in his 1775 Systema Entomologiae.
New species of Depressaria continue to be discovered and described. Known species include:
Some other Oecophoridae were formerly included here, among them close relatives of the present genus (e.g. Psorosticha zizyphi and many species of Agonopterix), as well as more distantly related taxa (e.g. Ironopolia sobriella). Horridopalpus is sometimes still included in Depressaria as a subgenus (namely by sources that uprank Depressariinae to full family status), but may be a far more distant relative. The members of the proposed subgenus Hasenfussia are tentatively retained here on the other hand, but their relationship to other Depressaria requires further study.
Unknown and undescribed species
- Depressaria albiocellata Staudinger, 1871, described from Greece
- Depressaria aurantiella Tutt, 1893, described from Great Britain
- Depressaria kollari Zeller, 1854, described from Australia
- Depressaria pavoniella (Amary, 1840) (Oecophora), described from France
- Depressaria reticulatella Bruand, 1851, described from France
- Depressaria sp. A 'Wyoming-California'
- Depressaria sp. B 'Modoc County, California'
- Depressaria tabghaella Amsel, 1935
- Pitkin & Jenkins (2004), FE (2009), and see references in Savela (2003)
- Pitkin & Jenkins (2004)
- FE (2009), and see references in Savela (2003)
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- Fauna Europaea (FE) (2009): Depressaria. Version 2.1, 2009-DEC-22. Retrieved 2010-FEB-24.
- Pitkin, Brian & Jenkins, Paul (2004): Butterflies and Moths of the World, Generic Names and their Type-species – Depressaria. Version of 2004-NOV-05. Retrieved 2010-APR-24.
- Savela, Markku (2009): Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and some other life forms – Depressaria. Version of 2003-DEC-29. Retrieved 2010-APR-24.
- Busck, A., 1904.Tineid moths from British Columbia, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 27: 745-778.
- Hannemann, H.J., 1983: Neue Synonyme bei den Depressarien (Lep. Oecophoridae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 30(4-5): 373-376. Abstract: doi:10.1002/mmnd.19830300403.
- Hannemann, H.J., 1990: Neue Depressarien (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 37 (1-3): 137–144. Abstract: doi:10.1002/mmnd.19900370126.
- Lvovsky, A.L., 2009: A new species of the genus Depressaria Haworth, 1811 (Lepidoptera: Depressariidae) from Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. Zoosystematica Rossica 18 (1): 70-72.
- Lvovsky, A.L., 2001: A review of Flat Moths of the genus Depressaria Haworth, 1811 (Lepidoptera: Depressariidae) of the fauna of Russia and neighboring Countries: 1. Entomological Review 81 (5): 520-541.
- Šumpich, J., 2013: Depressaria pyrenaella sp..n. – a confused species from South-Western Europe (Lepidoptera: Depressariidae). The Entomologist's Record and Journel of Variation 125 (3): 114-118.