Deputatsky, Sakha Republic

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Deputatsky
Депутатский (Russian)
Депутатскай (Yakut)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Deputatsky is located in Sakha Republic
Deputatsky
Deputatsky
Location of Deputatsky in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 69°19′N 139°59′E / 69.317°N 139.983°E / 69.317; 139.983Coordinates: 69°19′N 139°59′E / 69.317°N 139.983°E / 69.317; 139.983
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[2]
Administrative district Ust-Yansky District[2]
Settlement Deputatsky[2]
Administrative center of Ust-Yansky District,[2] Settlement of Deputatsky[2]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Ust-Yansky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Deputatsky Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Ust-Yansky Municipal District,[4] Deputatsky Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 2,983 inhabitants[5]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[6]
Founded 1951[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1958[2]
Postal code(s)[7] 678540, 678549
Website
Deputatsky population
2010 Census 2,983[5]
2002 Census 3,602[8]
1989 Census 13,305[9]
1979 Census 5,331[10]

Deputatsky (Russian: Депута́тский; Sakha: Депутатскай) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Ust-Yansky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located in the Nemkuchansky Range, about 930 kilometers (580 mi) north-northeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,983.[5]

Geography[edit]

Deputatsky is spread out along a 10-kilometer (6.2 mi) section of the Oyun-Unguokhtakh River, up to its mouth on the Irgichyan, which becomes a source of the Uyandina River.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1951 as a mining settlement, exploiting nearby deposits of lead.[11] In its early years, its workforce included Gulag prisoners. In 1958, Deputatsky was granted urban-type settlement status.[2] In 1967, it replaced the selo of Kazachye as the administrative center of Ust-Yansky District.

Due to the downturn in the mining industry following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, more than three-quarters of population left during the 1990s. However, mine production continued and the population decline slowed down.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Deputatsky[1] serves as the administrative center of Ust-Yansky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Ust-Yansky District as the Settlement of Deputatsky.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Deputatsky is incorporated within Deputatsky Municipal District as Deputatsky Urban Settlement.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Deputatsky is reachable by road to Ust-Kuyga, 250 kilometers (160 mi) away on the Yana River. From there, a winter road (zimnik) leads through Batagay and the Verkhoyansk Range to Topolinoye, from where the Kolyma Highway is accessible.

An unmaintained winter road heads east from Deputatsky down the Uyandina Valley to Belaya Gora.

A small airport on the northern edge of the settlement (ICAO-Code UEWD) provides air service.

Climate[edit]

Deputatsky has an extreme subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc bordering on Dfd). Winters are prolonged and bitterly cold, with up to seven months of sub-zero high temperatures, so that the soil remains permanently frozen. Permafrost and tundra cover most of the region. Average temperatures range from −37.8 °C (−36.0 °F) in January to +12.3 °C (54.1 °F) in July.

Climate data for Deputatsky
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.0
(48.2)
25.0
(77)
32.2
(90)
34.9
(94.8)
31.2
(88.2)
21.2
(70.2)
9.6
(49.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
34.9
(94.8)
Average high °C (°F) −33.7
(−28.7)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−9.9
(14.2)
3.4
(38.1)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
14.0
(57.2)
4.4
(39.9)
−11.3
(11.7)
−26.4
(−15.5)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−9.3
(15.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −37.8
(−36)
−36.4
(−33.5)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−17.3
(0.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
9.3
(48.7)
12.3
(54.1)
8.4
(47.1)
0.2
(32.4)
−15.5
(4.1)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−35.8
(−32.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
Average low °C (°F) −41.9
(−43.4)
−40.7
(−41.3)
−35.9
(−32.6)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−7.4
(18.7)
4.3
(39.7)
7.0
(44.6)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−19.5
(−3.1)
Record low °C (°F) −59.6
(−75.3)
−57.5
(−71.5)
−53.5
(−64.3)
−50.3
(−58.5)
−35.2
(−31.4)
−10.1
(13.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−8.8
(16.2)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−42.7
(−44.9)
−50.9
(−59.6)
−55.6
(−68.1)
−59.6
(−75.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.28)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
8
(0.31)
15
(0.59)
30
(1.18)
45
(1.77)
43
(1.69)
25
(0.98)
15
(0.59)
9
(0.35)
7
(0.28)
217
(8.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.2 10.0 8.2 7.6 9.2 11.1 12.0 12.3 13.0 15.5 12.0 10.4 132.5
Source #1: http://climatebase.ru/station/24076
Source #2: https://en.climate-data.org/location/770836/ (precipitation only)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Deputatsky is the administrative center of the Settlement of Deputatsky.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  4. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  11. ^ http://deputatsky.ru/

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Ust-Yansky District. (in Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).