Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency

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Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
Seal of the Central Intelligence Agency.svg
Seal of the Central Intelligence Agency
David cohen 2021.jpg
Incumbent
David Cohen

since January 20, 2021
Central Intelligence Agency
Reports toDirector of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA)
SeatGeorge Bush Center for Intelligence, Langley, Fairfax County, Virginia, U.S.
AppointerPresident of the United States, with advice from D/CIA
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument50 U.S.C. § 3037
PrecursorDeputy Director of Central Intelligence
Inaugural holderVADM Albert M. Calland, USN
FormationJuly 15, 2005
DeputyChief Operating Officer of the Central Intelligence Agency (COO/CIA)
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level III[1]
Websitewww.cia.gov

The Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (DD/CIA) is a statutory office (50 U.S.C. § 3037) and the second-highest official of the Central Intelligence Agency. The DD/CIA assists the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) and is authorized to exercise the powers of the D/CIA when the Director's position is vacant or in the Director's absence or disability.

Under current law, the Deputy Director is appointed by the President of the United States and is not required to be confirmed by the United States Senate. This position has been held by David Cohen since January 20, 2021.[2]

History[edit]

The functions of this position were served by the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI) until that position was abolished under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. The position of DD/CIA was created administratively by then-D/CIA Porter Goss and received statutory approval from the U.S. Congress in 2010.

The first DD/CIA was Kingman Douglass, appointed by the Director of Central Intelligence in 1946. In April 1953, Congress amended the National Security Act of 1947 to allow the President of the United States to appoint the DDCI (with U.S. Senate confirmation). The amendment stipulated that the Director and Deputy Director positions could not be simultaneously filled by military officers.

List of Deputy Directors of Central Intelligence (1946–2004)[edit]

No. Portrait Deputy Director of Central Intelligence Took office Left office Time in office President
serving under
1
Kingman Douglass
Kingman Douglass
(1896–1971)
March 2, 1946July 11, 1946131 daysHarry S. Truman
-
Vacant
VacantJuly 11, 1946January 20, 1947193 daysHarry S. Truman
2
Edwin Kennedy Wright
Brigadier General
Edwin Kennedy Wright
(United States Army)
(1898–1983)
January 20, 1947March 9, 19492 years, 48 daysHarry S. Truman
-
Vacant
VacantMarch 10, 1949October 7, 19501 year, 211 daysHarry S. Truman
3
William Harding Jackson
William Harding Jackson
(1901–1971)
October 7, 1950August 3, 1951300 daysHarry S. Truman
4
Allen Dulles
Allen Dulles
(1893–1969)
August 23, 1951February 26, 19531 year, 187 daysHarry S. Truman
Dwight D. Eisenhower
5
Charles P. Cabell
General
Charles P. Cabell
(United States Air Force)
(1903–1971)
April 23, 1953January 31, 1962[3]8 years, 283 daysDwight D. Eisenhower
John F. Kennedy
6
Marshall Carter
Lieutenant General
Marshall Carter
(United States Army)
(1909–1993)
April 3, 1962April 28, 19653 years, 25 daysJohn F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
7
Richard Helms
Richard Helms
(1913–2002)
April 28, 1965June 30, 19661 year, 63 daysLyndon B. Johnson
8
Rufus Lackland Taylor
Vice Admiral
Rufus Lackland Taylor
(United States Navy)
(1910–1978)
October 13, 1966February 1, 19692 years, 111 daysLyndon B. Johnson
Richard M. Nixon
9
Robert E. Cushman Jr.
General
Robert E. Cushman Jr.
(United States Marine Corps)
(1914–1971)
May 7, 1969December 31, 1971 †2 years, 238 daysRichard M. Nixon
10
Vernon A. Walters
General
Vernon A. Walters
(United States Army)
(1917–2002)
May 2, 1972July 2, 19764 years, 61 daysRichard M. Nixon
Gerald R. Ford
11
E. Henry Knoche
E. Henry Knoche
(1925–2010)
July 7, 1976August 1, 19771 year, 25 daysGerald R. Ford
Jimmy Carter
12
John F. Blake
John F. Blake
(1922–1995)
August 1977February 1978-Jimmy Carter
13
Frank Carlucci
Frank Carlucci
(1930–2018)
February 5, 1978February 4, 19812 years, 365 daysJimmy Carter
Ronald Reagan
14
Bobby Ray Inman
Admiral
Bobby Ray Inman
(United States Navy)
(born 1931)
February 12, 1981June 10, 19821 year, 118 daysRonald Reagan
15
John N. McMahon
John N. McMahon
(born 1929)
June 10, 1982March 29, 19863 years, 292 daysRonald Reagan
16
Robert Gates
Robert Gates
(born 1943)
April 18, 1986March 20, 19892 years, 336 daysRonald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
17
Richard James Kerr
Richard James Kerr
(born 1935)
March 20, 1989March 2, 19922 years, 348 daysGeorge H.W. Bush
18
Bill Studeman
Admiral
Bill Studeman
(United States Navy)
(born 1940)
April 9, 1992July 3, 19953 years, 85 daysGeorge H.W. Bush
Bill Clinton
19
George Tenet
George Tenet
(born 1953)
July 3, 1995July 11, 19972 years, 8 daysBill Clinton
20
John A. Gordon
General
John A. Gordon
(United States Air Force)
(1946–2020)
October 31, 1997June 29, 20002 years, 242 daysBill Clinton
21
John E. McLaughlin
John E. McLaughlin
(born 1942)
October 19, 2000December 3, 20044 years, 45 daysBill Clinton
George W. Bush

Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (2005–present)[edit]

Hereafter the "Deputy Director of Central Intelligence" position was replaced by Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence.

No. Portrait Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency Took office Left office Time in office President
serving under
-
Position Establish - Vacant
Position Establish - VacantDecember 3, 2004July 15, 2005224 daysGeorge W. Bush
1
Albert Calland
Vice Admiral
Albert Calland
(United States Navy)
(born 1952)
July 15, 2005July 23, 20061 year, 8 daysGeorge W. Bush
2
Stephen Kappes
Stephen Kappes
(born 1951)
July 24, 2006May 5, 20103 years, 285 daysGeorge W. Bush
Barack Obama
3
Michael Morell
Michael Morell
(born 1958)
May 7, 2010August 9, 20133 years, 94 daysBarack Obama
4
Avril Haines
Avril Haines
(born 1969)
August 9, 2013January 10, 20151 year, 154 daysBarack Obama
5
David S. Cohen
David S. Cohen
(born 1963)
February 9, 2015January 20, 20171 year, 346 daysBarack Obama
6
Gina Haspel
Gina Haspel
(born 1956)
February 2, 2017May 21, 20181 year, 108 daysDonald J. Trump
7
Vaughn Bishop
Vaughn BishopAugust 1, 2018January 20, 20212 years, 172 daysDonald J. Trump
8
David S. Cohen
David S. Cohen
(born 1963)
January 20, 2021Incumbent1 year, 249 daysJoe Biden

In popular culture[edit]

In the novel The Hunt for Red October, the character Vice Admiral James Greer is the fictional Deputy Director of the CIA; former U.S. Marine Jack Ryan takes over this role after Admiral Greer's death in Clear and Present Danger. He subsequently retires from the position following a highly publicized media scandal and the detonation of a nuclear weapon at the Super Bowl in The Sum of All Fears.

In the animated sitcom American Dad!, the character Avery Bullock is the fictional Deputy Director of the CIA.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5314
  2. ^ Harris, Shane (January 20, 2021). "Biden to appoint David S. Cohen as deputy director of the CIA". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  3. ^ "Cabell, C.P., DD 214, in personal papers". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 1962. p. 4. Retrieved August 30, 2022. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.