Deputy Prime Minister of India

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Deputy Prime Minister of India
Emblem of India.svg
Flag of India.svg

since 22 May 2004
Member ofParliament of India
Union Council of Ministers
NominatorPrime Minister of India
AppointerPresident of India
Inaugural holderVallabhbhai Patel (1947–1950)
Formation15 August 1947; 73 years ago (1947-08-15)

The Deputy Prime Minister of India is the deputy to the Prime minister of India, who is head of the government of India. The deputy prime minister is the second highest ranking member of the Union Council of Ministers.[1] A deputy prime minister usually also holds a cabinet portfolio such as the home minister, defence minister or finance minister. In the parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is treated as the "first among equals" in the cabinet; the position of deputy prime minister is used to bring political stability and strength within a coalition government or in times of national emergency, when a proper chain of command is necessary.

The office has since been only intermittently occupied, having been occupied for a little more than 11 years out of the 73 years since its inception. The first Deputy Prime Minister of India was Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also home minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. The seventh and last deputy prime minister was L. K. Advani, who took on the role in addition to his home ministership from 2002 to 2004 in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's government. The current government does not have a Deputy Prime Minister.

On multiple occasions, proposals have arisen to make the post permanent, but without result. The same goes for the post of deputy chief minister at the state level.


The first deputy prime minister was Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also home minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. He occupied the post for 3 years until his death in 1950. The post was vacant until Morarji Desai became the second deputy prime minister in 1967.

L. K. Advani served as the seventh deputy prime minister in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's cabinet from 2002 to 2004. The post has been vacant since 2004.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India[edit]


List of Deputy Prime Ministers of India
No. Portrait Officeholder
Term of office Political party
Prime Minister
1 Vallabhbhai Patel 1965 stamp of India.jpg Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
(Minister of Home Affairs)
15 August 1947 15 December 1950 3 years, 122 days Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru
Vacant (15 December 1950 – 21 March 1967)
2 Morarji Desai 1996 stamp of India.jpg Morarji Ranchhodji Desai
(Minister of Finance)
21 March 1967 6 December 1969 2 years, 260 days Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi
Vacant (6 December 1969 – 24 January 1979)
3 Charan Singh 1990 stamp of India.jpg Chaudhary Charan Singh
(Minister of Finance)
24 January 1979 [2] 16 July 1979 173 days Janata Party Morarji Desai
4 Jagjivan Ram 1991 stamp of India.jpg Jagjivan Ram
(Minister of Defence)
24 January 1979 [3] 28 July 1979 185 days Janata Party
5 Yashwantrao Chavan 2010 stamp of India.jpg Yashwantrao Balwantrao Chavan
(Minister of Home Affairs)
28 July 1979 14 January 1980 170 days Indian National Congress (Urs) Charan Singh
Vacant (14 January 1980 – 2 December 1989)
6 Chaudhary Devi Lal 2001 stamp of India.jpg Chaudhary Devi Lal
(Minister of Agriculture)
2 December 1989 1 August 1990 242 days Janata Dal
(National Front)
Vishwanath Pratap Singh
10 November 1990 21 June 1991 223 days Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Chandra Shekhar
Vacant (21 June 1991 – 5 February 2002)
7 Lkadvani.jpg Lal Krishna Advani
(Minister of Home Affairs and
Minister of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions)
5 February 2002 22 May 2004 2 years, 107 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Vacant (Since 22 May 2004)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rajendran, S. (2012-07-13). "Of Deputy Chief Ministers and the Constitution". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 November 2017.