Deputy Prime Minister of Italy

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Vice-President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic
Vicepresidente del Consiglio dei Ministri della Repubblica Italiana
Flag of the Prime Minister of Italy.svg
Luigi Di Maio 2018 camera.jpgMatteoSalvini2018 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Luigi Di Maio and Matteo Salvini

since 1 June 2018
Council of Ministers
AppointerPresident of the Republic
Inaugural holderLuigi Einaudi,
Randolfo Pacciardi,
Giuseppe Saragat

The Deputy Prime Minister of Italy, officially Vice-President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic (Italian: Vicepresidente del Consiglio dei ministri della Repubblica Italiana), is a senior member of the Italian Cabinet. Moreover, it is often colloquially known as Vicepremier.[1][2] The office of the Deputy Prime Minister is not a permanent position, existing only at the discretion of the Prime Minister, who may appoint to other offices to give seniority to a particular Cabinet minister. The office is currently held by Luigi Di Maio (leader of the M5S) and Matteo Salvini (leader of the League), under Giuseppe Conte's premiership.

Unlike analogous offices in some other nations, such as a vice-presidency, the Italian deputy prime minister possesses no special constitutional powers as such, though they will always have particular responsibilities in government. They do not assume the duties and powers of the Prime Minister in the latter's absence, illness, or death, such as the powers to seek a dissolution of parliament, appoint peers or brief the President of the Republic.

They do not automatically succeed the Prime Minister, should the latter be incapacitated or resign from the leadership of his or her political party. In practice, however, the designation of someone to the role of Deputy Prime Minister may provide additional practical status within cabinet, enabling the exercise of de facto, if not de jure, power.

In a coalition government, as Enrico Letta Grand coalition government between the Democrats and The People of Freedom, the appointment of the secretary of the smaller party (in the 2014 case, Angelino Alfano, secretary of the PdL) as Deputy Prime Minister is done to give that person more authority within the cabinet to enforce the coalition's agreed-upon agenda.[3]

List of Deputy Prime Ministers[edit]

Parties
  • 1946–1994:

  Liberal Party   Republican Party   Democratic Socialist Party   Christian Democracy   Socialist Party

  • Since 1994:

  Lega Nord   National Alliance   Democratic Party of the Left   People's Party   Union of Christian and Centre Democrats   Forza Italia   Democratic Party   New Centre-Right   Five Star Movement

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Tenure
(Years and days)
Party Prime Minister
Luigi Einaudi.jpg Luigi Einaudi
(1874–1961)
1 January 1947 24 May 1948 1 year, 144 days Italian Liberal Party Alcide De Gasperi
Randolfo Pacciardi (2).jpg Randolfo Pacciardi
(1899–1991)
Italian Republican Party
Giuseppe Saragat daticamera.jpg Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
Attilio Piccioni.jpg Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
24 May 1948 27 January 1950 1 year, 248 days Christian Democracy
Giovanni Porzio.jpg Giovanni Porzio
(1873–1962)
Italian Liberal Party
Giuseppe Saragat daticamera.jpg Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
Italian Democratic Socialist Party
Office not in use 1950–1951
Attilio Piccioni.jpg Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
26 July 1951 17 August 1953 2 years, 6 days Christian Democracy
Office not in use 1953–1954 Giuseppe Pella
Amintore Fanfani
Giuseppe Saragat daticamera.jpg Giuseppe Saragat
(1898–1988)
10 February 1954 19 May 1957 3 years, 98 days Italian Democratic Socialist Party Mario Scelba
Antonio Segni
Giuseppe Pella.jpg Giuseppe Pella
(1902–1981)
19 May 1957 1 July 1958 1 year, 43 days Christian Democracy Adone Zoli
Antonio Segni Official.jpg Antonio Segni
(1891–1972)
1 July 1958 15 February 1959 229 days Christian Democracy Amintore Fanfani
Office not in use 1959–1960 Antonio Segni
Fernando Tambroni
Attilio Piccioni.jpg Attilio Piccioni
(1892–1976)
26 July 1960 4 December 1963 3 years, 131 days Christian Democracy
Giovanni Leone
Pietro Nenni 2.jpg Pietro Nenni
(1891–1980)
4 December 1963 24 June 1968 4 years, 203 days Italian Socialist Party Aldo Moro
Office not in use June–December 1968 Giovanni Leone
Francesco De Martino.jpg Francesco De Martino
(1907–2002)
12 December 1968 5 August 1969 236 days Italian Socialist Party Mariano Rumor
Taviani.jpg Paolo Emilio Taviani
(1912–2001)
5 August 1969 27 March 1970 234 days Christian Democracy
Francesco De Martino.jpg Francesco De Martino
(1907–2002)
27 March 1970 17 February 1972 1 year, 327 days Italian Socialist Party Emilio Colombo
Office not in use February–June 1972 Giulio Andreotti
Mario Tanassi.jpg Mario Tanassi
(1916–2007)
26 June 1972 7 July 1973 1 year, 11 days Italian Democratic Socialist Party
Office not in use 1973–1974 Mariano Rumor
Ugo La Malfa.jpg Ugo La Malfa
(1903–1979)
23 November 1974 12 February 1976 1 year, 81 days Italian Republican Party Aldo Moro
Office not in use 1976–1979 Giulio Andreotti
Ugo La Malfa.jpg Ugo La Malfa
(1903–1979)
20 March 1979 26 March 1979 6 days Italian Republican Party
Office not in use 1979–1983 Francesco Cossiga
Arnaldo Forlani
Giovanni Spadolini
Amintore Fanfani
Forlani.jpg Arnaldo Forlani
(1925–)
4 August 1983 17 April 1987 3 years, 256 days Christian Democracy Bettino Craxi
Office not in use April–July 1987 Amintore Fanfani
Giuliano Amato daticamera.jpg Giuliano Amato
(1938–)
28 July 1987 13 April 1988 260 days Italian Socialist Party Giovanni Goria
Gianni De Michelis.jpg Gianni De Michelis
(1940–)
13 April 1988 22 July 1989 1 year, 100 days Italian Socialist Party Ciriaco De Mita
Claudio Martelli 2.jpg Claudio Martelli
(1943–)
22 July 1989 28 June 1992 2 years, 342 days Italian Socialist Party Giulio Andreotti
Office not in use 1992–1994 Giuliano Amato
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
Roberto Maroni 2001.jpg Roberto Maroni
(1955–)
10 May 1994 17 January 1995 252 days Lega Nord Silvio Berlusconi
Giuseppe Tatarella.jpg Giuseppe Tatarella
(1935–1999)
National Alliance
Office not in use 1995–1996 Lamberto Dini
Walter Veltroni 1996.jpg Walter Veltroni
(1955–)
17 May 1996 21 October 1998 2 years, 157 days Democratic Party of the Left Romano Prodi
Sergio Mattarella daticamera 2001.jpg Sergio Mattarella
(1941–)
21 October 1998 22 December 1999 1 year, 62 days Italian People's Party Massimo D'Alema
Office not in use 1999–2001
Giuliano Amato
Gianfranco Fini 2001 camera.jpg Gianfranco Fini
(1952–)
11 June 2001 23 April 2005 3 years, 316 days National Alliance Silvio Berlusconi
Marco Follini 2001.jpg Marco Follini
(1954–)
Union of Christians and Centre Democrats
Gianfranco Fini 2001 camera.jpg Gianfranco Fini
(1952–)
23 April 2005 17 May 2006 1 year, 24 days National Alliance
Giulio Tremonti 2.jpg Giulio Tremonti
(1947–)
Forza Italia
Massimo D'Alema 2006.jpg Massimo D'Alema
(1949–)
17 May 2006 8 May 2008 1 year, 357 days Democratic Party Romano Prodi
Francesco Rutelli 2008.jpg Francesco Rutelli
(1954–)
Democratic Party
Office not in use 2008–2013 Silvio Berlusconi
Mario Monti
Angelino Alfano daticamera.jpg Angelino Alfano
(1970–)
28 April 2013 22 February 2014 300 days New Centre-Right Enrico Letta
Office not in use 2014–2018 Matteo Renzi
Paolo Gentiloni
MatteoSalvini2018 (cropped).jpg Matteo Salvini
(1973–)
1 June 2018 Incumbent 254 days Lega Nord Giuseppe Conte
Luigi Di Maio 2018 camera.jpg Luigi Di Maio
(1986–)
Five Star Movement

Timeline[edit]

Living former Deputy Prime Ministers[edit]

There are ten living former Italian Prime Ministers:

See also[edit]

References[edit]