Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
|Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha|
|लोक सभा के उपाध्यक्ष|
|Appointer||Members of the Lok Sabha|
|Term length||During the life of the Lok Sabha (five years maximum)|
|Inaugural holder||M. A. Ayyangar (1952–1956)|
|Formation||30 May 1952|
|Salary||Rs. 3.5 lakh per month (excl. allowances)|
The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha (IAST: Lok Sabhā Upādhyakṣa) is not subordinate to the speaker of Lok Sabha, they are responsible for the Lok Sabha and they are the second highest ranking legislative officer of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. They act as the presiding officer in case of leave or absence caused by death or illness of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. It is by convention that position of Deputy Speaker is offered to opposition party in India. .
The Deputy Speaker is elected in the first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the General elections for a term of 5 years from amongst the members of the Lok Sabha. They hold office until either they cease to be a member of the Lok Sabha or they resign. They can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by an effective majority of its members. In effective majority, the majority should be 50% or more than 50% of total strength of the house after removing the vacancies. Since the Deputy Speaker is accountable for the Lok Sabha, the elimination is done by the effective majority in Lok Sabha only. There is no need to resign from their original party though as a Deputy Speaker, they have to remain impartial.
The parliamentary convention for the Republic of India is for the Deputy Speaker to come from the Opposition benches. As of March 2021, uniquely in the history of the Republic, the Lok Sabha approaches two years of a vacant Deputy Speaker seat.
Powers and functions of the Deputy Speaker
In case of the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker presides over the sessions of the Lok Sabha and conducts the business in the house. He decides whether a bill is a money bill or a non-money bill. They maintains discipline and decorum in the house and can punish a member for unruly behaviour by suspending him/her. They permit the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions like the motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice.
List of Deputy Speakers
|1||M. A. Ayyangar
|30 May 1952||7 March 1956||3 years, 282 days||1st||Indian National Congress|
|20 March 1956||4 April 1957||6 years, 11 days||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|17 May 1957||31 March 1962||2nd||Indian National Congress|
|3||S. V. Krishnamoorthy Rao
|23 April 1962||3 March 1967||4 years, 314 days||3rd|
|4||Raghunath Keshav Khadilkar
|28 March 1967||11 November 1969||2 years, 228 days|
|5||George Gilbert Swell
|09 December 1969||18 January 1977||7 years, 40 days||All Party Hill Leaders Conference|
|1 April 1977||22 August 1979||2 years, 143 days||6th||Indian National Congress|
|1 December 1980||31 December 1984||4 years, 30 days||7th||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|22 January 1985||27 November 1989||4 years, 309 days||8th||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|19 March 1990||13 March 1991||359 days||9th||Indian National Congress|
|13 August 1991||10 May 1996||4 years, 271 days||10th||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|12 July 1996||4 December 1997||1 year, 145 days||11th|
|12||P. M. Sayeed
|17 December 1998||6 February 2004||5 years, 51 days||Indian National Congress|
|13||Charanjit Singh Atwal
|9 June 2004||18 May 2009||4 years, 343 days||14th||Shiromani Akali Dal|
|3 June 2009||18 May 2014||4 years, 349 days||15th||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|13 August 2014||25 May 2019||4 years, 285 days||16th||All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|–||Vacant||23 June 2019||Incumbent||2 years, 91 days||17th||N/A|
- Vice President of India (Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha)
- Speaker of the Lok Sabha
- Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha
- Leader of the House in Lok Sabha
- Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha
- Leader of the House in Rajya Sabha
- Leader of the Opposition in Rajya Sabha
- Secretary General of the Lok Sabha
- Deogaonkar, S. G. (1997). Parliamentary System in India. New Delhi: Concept Publishing. pp. 48–9. ISBN 81-7022-651-1.
- "Convention of electing the Deputy Speaker from the Opposition should be upheld". The Hindu. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2021.