Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha

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Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabhā ke Upādhyakṣa
Incumbent
Vacant
since 23 June 2019
Style
  • Honourable (Inside India)
  • His/Her Excellency (Outside India)
Member ofLok Sabha
Reports to
AppointerMembers of Parliament (Lok Sabha)
Formation30 May 1952; 71 years ago (1952-05-30)
First holderM. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar

The Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha (IAST: Lok Sabhā Upādhyakṣa) is the second-highest ranking authority of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the parliament of India. They act as the presiding authority in the event of leave or absence caused by the death or illness of the speaker of the Lok Sabha.As per Article 93 of the Constitution, it says that the House of the People (Lok Sabha) shall, as soon as may be, choose two members to be Speaker and Deputy Speaker so often as the offices become vacant. However, it does not provide a specific time frame. It is parliamentary convention to elect a deputy speaker of the Lok Sabha from a party other than the ruling party to run an accountable democratic parliament.[1]

The deputy speaker is elected in the first meeting of the Lok Sabha after the general elections for a term of five years from among the members of the Lok Sabha. They hold office until either they cease to be members of the Lok Sabha or they resign. They can be removed from office by a resolution passed in the Lok Sabha by an effective majority of its members.[2] In an effective majority, the majority should be 50% or more than 50% of the total strength of the house after removing the vacancies. Since the Deputy Speaker is accountable for the Lok Sabha, the elimination is done by the effective majority in the Lok Sabha only. There is no need to resign from their original party, though as a Deputy Speaker, they have to remain impartial.

The current Lok Sabha does not have a deputy speaker, and the post has been vacant since 23 June 2019. In February 2023, Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud led a body seeking responses on public interest litigation contending that the protracted vacancy is “against the letter and spirit of the Constitution".[3]

List[edit]

Key
  • RES Resigned
  • Died in office
  • § Returned to office after a previous non-consecutive term
  AIADMK (1)   APHLC (1)   BJP (3)   DMK (1)   INC (7)   SAD (1)
No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death)

Elected constituency Term of office[a] Lok Sabha
(Election)
Political party[b] Speaker
Assumed office Left office Time in office
1 M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar
(1891–1978)
Tirupati 30 May 1952 7 March 1956 3 years, 282 days 1st
(1951–52)
Indian National Congress Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar
2 Hukam Singh
(1895–1983)
Bathinda 20 March 1956 4 April 1957 5 years, 333 days M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar
17 May 1957 31 March 1962 2nd
(1957)
3 S. V. Krishnamoorthy Rao
(1902–1968)
Shimoga 23 April 1962 3 March 1967 4 years, 314 days 3rd
(1962)
Hukam Singh
4 R. K. Khadilkar
(1905–1979)
Khed 28 March 1967 1 November 1969 2 years, 218 days 4th
(1967)
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

G. S. Dhillon

5 G. G. Swell
(1923–1999)
Shillong 9 December 1969 27 December 1970 6 years, 315 days All Party Hill Leaders Conference G. S. Dhillon

Bali Ram Bhagat

27 March 1971 18 January 1977 5th
(1971)
6 Godey Murahari
(1926–1982)
Vijayawada 1 April 1977 22 August 1979 2 years, 143 days 6th
(1977)
Indian National Congress Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

K. S. Hegde

7 G. Lakshmanan
(1924–2001)
Chennai North 1 December 1980 31 December 1984 4 years, 30 days 7th
(1980)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Balram Jakhar
8 M. Thambidurai
(1947–)
Dharmapuri 22 January 1985 27 November 1989 4 years, 309 days 8th
(1984)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
9 Shivraj V. Patil
(1935–)
Latur 19 March 1990 13 March 1991 359 days 9th
(1989)
Indian National Congress Rabi Ray
10 S. Mallikarjunaiah
(1931–2014)
Tumkur 13 August 1991 10 May 1996 4 years, 271 days 10th
(1991)
Bharatiya Janata Party Shivraj V. Patil
11 Suraj Bhan
(1928–2006)
Ambala 12 July 1996 4 December 1997 1 year, 145 days 11th
(1996)
P. A. Sangma
12 P. M. Sayeed
(1941–2005)
Lakshadweep 17 December 1998 26 April 1999 4 years, 232 days 12th
(1998)
Indian National Congress G. M. C. Balayogi
27 October 1999 6 February 2004 13th
(1999)
G. M. C. Balayogi
Manohar Joshi
13 Charanjit Singh Atwal
(1937–)
Phillaur 9 June 2004 18 May 2009 4 years, 343 days 14th
(2004)
Shiromani Akali Dal Somnath Chatterjee
14 Kariya Munda
(1936–)
Khunti 3 June 2009 18 May 2014 4 years, 349 days 15th
(2009)
Bharatiya Janata Party Meira Kumar
(8) M. Thambidurai
(1947–)
Karur 13 August 2014[§] 25 May 2019 4 years, 285 days 16th
(2014)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Sumitra Mahajan
Vacant N/A 23 June 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 306 days 17th
(2019)
N/A Om Birla
Timeline
VacantKariya MundaCharanjit Singh AtwalP. M. SayeedSuraj BhanS. MallikarjunaiahShivraj V. PatilM. ThambiduraiG. LakshmananGodey MurahariG. G. SwellR. K. KhadilkarS. V. Krishnamoorthy RaoSardar Hukam SinghM. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar

Statistics[edit]

List of deputy speakers by length of term
No. Name Party Length of term
Longest continuous term Total years of deputy speakership
1 M. Thambidurai AIADMK 4 years, 309 days 9 years, 229 days
2 G. G. Swell APHLC 5 years, 297 days 6 years, 315 days
3 Hukam Singh INC 4 years, 318 days 5 years, 333 days
4 Kariya Munda BJP 4 years, 349 days 4 years, 349 days
5 Charanjit Singh Atwal SAD 4 years, 343 days 4 years, 343 days
6 S. V. Krishnamoorthy Rao INC 4 years, 314 days 4 years, 314 days
7 S. Mallikarjunaiah BJP 4 years, 271 days 4 years, 271 days
8 P. M. Sayeed INC 4 years, 102 days 4 years, 232 days
9 G. Lakshmanan DMK 4 years, 30 days 4 years, 30 days
10 M. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar INC 3 years, 282 days 3 years, 282 days
11 R. K. Khadilkar INC 2 years, 218 days 2 years, 218 days
12 Godey Murahari INC 2 years, 143 days 2 years, 143 days
13 Suraj Bhan BJP 1 year, 145 days 1 year, 145 days
14 Shivraj V. Patil INC 359 days 359 days
List by party
Political parties by total time-span of their member holding DSO (24 April 2024)
No. Political party Number of deputy speakers Total days of holding DSO
1 Indian National Congress 7 9185 days
2 Bharatiya Janata Party 3 4046 days
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 3516 days
4 All Party Hill Leaders Conference 1 2507 days
5 Shiromani Akali Dal 1 1804 days
6 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 1 1491 days
Parties by total duration (in days) of holding Deputy Speaker's Office
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
INC
BJP
AIADMK
APHLC
SAD
DMK

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The ordinal number of the term being served by the person specified in the row in the corresponding period
  2. ^ This column only names the deputy speaker's party. The deputy speaker may elected by coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Convention of electing the Deputy Speaker from the Opposition should be upheld". The Hindu. 14 September 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  2. ^ Deogaonkar, S. G. (1997). Parliamentary System in India. New Delhi: Concept Publishing. pp. 48–9. ISBN 81-7022-651-1.
  3. ^ "The missing Deputy Speaker: What is the post, and what does the Constitution say". The Indian Times. Archived from the original on 15 February 2023.

External links[edit]