Der Aa-kerk

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Aa-kerk
The Church of Our Lady and St. Nicholas
Der Aa-kerk Groningen.jpg
The Aa-kerk from the East
Coordinates: 53°13′09″N 6°34′06″E / 53.21917°N 6.56833°E / 53.21917; 6.56833
LocationGroningen
CountryNetherlands
DenominationNone
formerly Dutch Reformed
WebsiteDer Aa-Kerk
History
StatusRedundant
Founded1247 (as a parish church)
DedicationOur Lady, Saint Nicholas
Architecture
Architectural typeChurch
StyleGothic
Specifications
Length76 m (249 ft 4 in)
Width25 m (82 ft 0 in)
Height76 m (249 ft 4 in)
Floor area1,155 m2 (12,430 sq ft)
Dome height (inner)26 m (85 ft)
MaterialsBrick

The Aa-kerk (also: A-kerk) is a historic former parish church in the centre of Groningen, and a dominant feature in the skyline of the city together with the nearby Martinitoren.

History[edit]

Before the construction of the current church, a chapel dedicated to Mary and Saint Nicholas (patron saint of fishermen) stood on this site. The chapel was situated close to the river Aa, where bargees cast off vessels in the western harbour (Westerhaven).

The chapel became a parish church in the year 1247 and was named "Chapel of Our Lady at the river Aa" (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe ter Aa-kerk). At this time, Groningen consisted of two centres, each surrounding a religious edifice, the Church of Our Lady at the river Aa being one of them. Fishermen and tradesmen inhabited the area around this chapel.

The chapel was transformed into a brick gothic church between 1425 and 1495. Both the interior and exterior have been altered many times over the course of history due to the iconoclasm during the Reformation, war damage (Siege of Groningen) and natural phenomena (lightning strike).

Today it is used as a venue for concerts, theatre, exhibitions, parties and meetings. Church services are no longer held.[1]

Towers[edit]

Images of the Siege of Groningen in 1672 show the Aa-kerk without the top of the tower. After the war a new wooden tower top was built.

On 23 April 1710, the tower spontaneously collapsed killing two people. In 1711, a new tower was built.

The current tower contains three bells with the notes of F#, D# and B, which are rung manually, using ropes.[2][3] They were all cast by Crans of Enckhuysen in 1714.[4]

Organs[edit]

In 1667, an organ was built by Van Hagerbeer. It was destroyed by fire in 1671.[5]

The first Schnitger organ in the church was built by Arp Schnitger in 1697 (see gallery for a sketch). In 1710, the tower of the church collapsed and the organ was destroyed.[6]

The second Schnitger was built in 1702, originally for the Broerkerk in Groningen. In 1815, the organ was transferred to the Aa-kerk.[7]

The Bolsward organ build by Raphael Rodensteen in 1550 was originally for the Martinikerk in Bolsward. In 1635, the organ was transferred to the Broerkerk in Groningen and in 1877 it was transferred back to the Martinikerk in Bolsward. In 1991, it was transferred again to Groningen and the Aa-kerk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Der Aa-Kerk Groningen | Algemene informatie". deraakerkgroningen.nl. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  2. ^ DennisWubs (14 July 2008), Groningen Groningen: Kerkklokken Hervormde Der Aakerk (Plenum), archived from the original on 20 December 2021, retrieved 6 May 2019
  3. ^ Groningen Der AA Kerk Uitluiden van de Klokken, archived from the original on 20 December 2021, retrieved 15 October 2021
  4. ^ "Der AA-Kerk". skylinecity.info. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
  5. ^ www.aakerk.nl (dutch)
  6. ^ "First Schnitger organ Groningen, der Aa kerk,".
  7. ^ "Arp Schnitger Organ Groningen, der Aa kerk".

External links[edit]

Media related to Der Aa-kerk at Wikimedia Commons