Der Templer und die Jüdin
|Operas by Heinrich Marschner|
Der Templer und die Jüdin (The Templar and the Jewess) is an opera (designated as a grosse romantische Oper) in three acts by Heinrich Marschner. The German libretto by Wilhelm August Wohlbrück was based on a number of intermediate works based in turn on Walter Scott's Ivanhoe.
A revised version with recitatives rather than spoken dialogue was performed in Berlin on 3 August 1831 with Eduard Devrient as Bois-Guilbert. It was given in London at the Prince's Theatre on 17 June 1840, and in New York on 29 January 1872.
Many critics regarded the opera as unnecessarily complicated (and expensive to produce) and simplified versions were prepared by Felix Mottl, Richard Kleinmichel and finally Hans Pfitzner (1912). The latter's version was performed in Lübeck, Strasbourg and Cologne just before the First World War.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 22 December 1829
(Conductor: Heinrich Marschner)
|Brian de Bois-Guilbert, Templar||baritone||Heinrich Hammermeister|
|Friar Tuck, Hermit of Copmanhurst||bass||Wilhelm Fischer|
|Cedric von Rotherwood, Saxon knight||bass||Wilhelm Pögner|
|The Black Knight (King Richard I)||bass||Eduard Schütz|
|Lokslei, the outlaw leader||baritone|
|Lucas de Beaumanoir, Knights Templar Grand Master||bass|
|Maurice de Bracy, Norman knight||tenor|
|Rebecca, the Jewess, daughter of Isaac of York||soprano||Fortunata Franchetti-Wazel|
|Rowena von Hargottstandstede, ward of Cedric||soprano||Henriette Wüst|
|Wamba, a fool||tenor||August Wiedemann|
|Wilfried von Ivanhoe, son of Cedric||tenor||Ubrich|
|Oswald, Cedric's steward||bass|
|Albert Malvoisin, Norman knight||spoken|
|Conrad, Malvoisin's squire||spoken|
|Elgitha, Rowena's maid||spoken|
|Isaac of York, a Jew||spoken|
|Walter, an outlaw||spoken|
|Willibald, an outlaw||spoken|
|Robert, Bois-Guilbert's squire||spoken|
|Philip, Bois-Guilbert's squire||spoken|
The opera is set in England at the end of the 12th century and the main characters include The Black Knight, King Richard 'the Lionheart', Saxons, Normans, Templars and Robin Hood (here called Lokslei, i.e., Locksley) and his band of outlaws.
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Der Templer und die Jüdin, 22 December 1829". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
- Palmer, A Dean (1992), 'Templer und die Jüdin, Der' in The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie (London) ISBN 0-333-73432-7