Dera Bassi

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DeraBassi
city
Nickname(s): 
Bassi
DeraBassi is located in Punjab
DeraBassi
DeraBassi
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°35′14″N 76°50′34″E / 30.5872°N 76.8428°E / 30.5872; 76.8428Coordinates: 30°35′14″N 76°50′34″E / 30.5872°N 76.8428°E / 30.5872; 76.8428
Country India
StatePunjab
DistrictMohali
Elevation
350 m (1,150 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total26,985
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
140507
Vehicle registrationPB70, PB65

Dera Bassi is a satellite city of Chandigarh and a municipal council in Mohali district in the state of Punjab, India. Dera Bassi is located on the Chandigarh – Delhi National Highway, 8 km from Chandigarh. It is located within 10km from Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula. It is strategically located near the boundary of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Union territory of Chandigarh. Derabassi is most famous for its industrial belt, situated for the most part on Ramgarh and Barwala Road. The nearby sub town of Lalru was once a famous market for red chilli powder. The city and the nearby area host eight engineering colleges, B. Ed., paramedical and management institutes.

History[edit]

The Dera Bassi town was formed from the early Kalsia State, whose headquarters were at Chhachhrauli. There was a big fort of Mughal era located at outskirts of Dera Bassi. The fort still exists, albeit as a ruin. It was used as guest house by Kalsia rulers. In 1922, Ravi Sher Singh visited Dera Bassi after his paramount as the monarch of Kalsai state. Earlier the town was under Patiala district, thereafter it has become a part of newly created Mohali district.

In village named Makandpur in Dera Bassi, there is a holy place called as "Kethlo Tirath" (Kamlon Thirth). There is Kunti Kund Sarovar (Pond), Temple of Pandavas with Lord Krishna and Lord Shiva. It is believed[by whom?] that the Pandavas stayed at this place when they successfully escaped from Lakshagraha.

Geography and Ecology[edit]

Location[edit]

Derabassi is located near the foothills of the Sivalik range of the Himalayas in northwest India. It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft).

The city, lying in the northern plains, has vast fertile and flat land. The surrounding cities are the union territory of Chandigarh, Mohali, Patiala, Zirakpur and Roopnagar in Punjab, Panchkula, and Ambala in Haryana.

Chandigarh is situated 119 km southwest of Shimla, 30 km (19 miles) northeast of Ambala, 236 km (148 miles) southeast of Amritsar and 230 km (144 miles) north of Delhi.

Climate[edit]

Derabassi
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
33
 
 
16
3
 
 
39
 
 
20
5
 
 
30
 
 
25
10
 
 
9
 
 
32
16
 
 
28
 
 
35
20
 
 
145
 
 
36
22
 
 
280
 
 
31
21
 
 
308
 
 
30
20
 
 
133
 
 
30
19
 
 
22
 
 
29
14
 
 
9
 
 
24
8
 
 
22
 
 
19
4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Weather Information Service

Derabassi has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cwa) characterised by a seasonal rhythm: very hot summers, mild winters, unreliable rainfall and great variation in temperature (−1 °C to 46 °C OR 30.2 °F to 114 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1110.7 mm. The city also receives occasional winter rains from the Western Disturbance originating over the Mediterranean Sea.

The western disturbances usually brings rain predominantly from mid-December till end of April which can be heavier sometimes with strong winds and hails if the weather turns colder (during March–April months) which usually proves disastrous to the crops. Cold winds usually tend to come from the north near Shimla, capital of Himachal Pradesh and from the state of Jammu and Kashmir, both of which receive their share of snowfall during wintertime.

The city experiences the following seasons and the respective average temperatures:

  • Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from February-end to early-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 13 °C to 20 °C and (min) 5 °C to 12 °C.
  • Autumn: In autumn (from September-end to mid November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 10° to 22° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 6 °C.
  • Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-April to June-end) may rise to 44 °C. The temperatures might sometime rise to 44 °C in mid-June. Temperatures generally vary between 40 and 42 °C.
  • Monsoon: During monsoon (from early-July to mid-September), Derabassi receives moderate to heavy rainfall and sometimes heavy to very heavy rainfall (generally during the month of August or September). Usually, the rain bearing monsoon winds blow from south-west/south-east. Mostly, the city receives heavy rain from south (which is mainly a persistent rain) but it generally receives most of its rain during monsoon either from North-west or North-east. Maximum amount of rain received by the city of Chandigarh during monsoon season is 195.5 mm in a single day.
  • Winter: Winters (November-end to February-end) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Derabassi. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 5 °C to 14 °C and (min) -1 °C to 5 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hailstorms. The city witnessed bone-numbing chill as the maximum temperature on Monday, 7 January 2013 plunged to a 30-year low to settle at 6.1 degrees Celsius.
Climate data for Derabassi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 27.7
(81.9)
32.8
(91.0)
37.8
(100.0)
42.7
(108.9)
44.6
(112.3)
45.3
(113.5)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
37.5
(99.5)
37.0
(98.6)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
45.6
(114.1)
Average high °C (°F) 20.4
(68.7)
23.1
(73.6)
28.4
(83.1)
34.5
(94.1)
38.3
(100.9)
38.6
(101.5)
34.0
(93.2)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.8
(89.2)
27.3
(81.1)
22.1
(71.8)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.3
(46.9)
13.4
(56.1)
18.9
(66.0)
23.1
(73.6)
25.4
(77.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
17.0
(62.6)
10.5
(50.9)
6.7
(44.1)
16.5
(61.7)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.0
(32.0)
4.2
(39.6)
7.8
(46.0)
13.4
(56.1)
14.8
(58.6)
14.2
(57.6)
17.2
(63.0)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
3.7
(38.7)
0.0
(32.0)
0.0
(32.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 33.1
(1.30)
38.9
(1.53)
30.4
(1.20)
8.5
(0.33)
28.4
(1.12)
145.2
(5.72)
280.4
(11.04)
307.5
(12.11)
133.0
(5.24)
21.9
(0.86)
9.4
(0.37)
21.9
(0.86)
1,059.3
(41.70)
Average rainy days 2.6 2.8 2.6 1.1 2.1 6.3 12.3 11.4 5.0 1.4 0.8 1.4 49.8
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 India census, Dera Bassi had a population of 15,690. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Dera Bassi has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80% and, female literacy is 72%. In Dera Bassi, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Dera Bassi population of 2016 in 1,35,685.00

Places of interest[edit]

Derabassi is located very near to Chandigarh. Chandigarh has various visitor attractions including theme gardens within the city. Some notable sites are:[3]

Sukhna Lake[edit]

Sailing at Sukhna Lake

Sukhna Lake is located in Sector 1, adjoining the Rock Garden near the foothills of Shivalik Hills.[4] Sukhna is an artificial lake. This 3 km rain-fed lake was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills.[5] It has The Garden of Silence within it.[6]

The atmosphere here is serene. Sukhna Lake is the venue for many festive celebrations. The most popular is the Mango Festival held during the monsoons. It is believed that a Swiss architect Pierre Jeanneret's ashes were immersed in this lake according to his will as he developed a deep bond with the lake.[7][8][9]

The garden is most famous for its sculptures made from recycled ceramic, Rock Garden

Rock Garden[edit]

The Rock Garden is situated in the middle of the Capitol Complex and the Sukhna Lake in Sector 1.[10] It is also known as Nek Chand Rock Garden after its founder.[11][12] It has numerous sculptures made by using a variety of different discarded waste materials like frames, mudguards, forks, handle bars, metal wires, play marbles, porcelain, auto parts, broken bangles etc.[13]

Nek Chand himself went up the Shivalik hills and got different stones and materials with which he started building the garden.[14]

Rose Garden[edit]

Zakir Hussain Rose Garden, or simply Rose Garden, is named after the former President of India, Zakir Hussain. It is situated in Sector 16.[15] The garden is known to be the greatest of its types in Asia.[16]

The garden is said to be spread about thirty to forty acres containing nearly 825 varieties of roses in it and more than 32,500 varieties of other medicinal plants and trees.[17]

Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh[edit]

Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh is a bird sanctuary which is located in sector 21 Chandigarh India.It is notified under Section 18 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. It is habitat of thousands of parrots. It is the second wildlife sanctuary in the city after Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Leisure Valley[edit]

A continuum of various theme gardens, Leisure Valley is a linear park over 8 km long which starts from Sector 1 in the north and leaves Chandigarh at its southern most edge. It consists of many theme parks, botanical gardens and green belts, including Rajendra Park in Sector 1, the Bougainvillea Garden in Sector 3 and the Physical Fitness Trails in Sector 10, among others.[18]

Other destinations[edit]

Other tourist destinations include The New Lake in Sector 42, Capitol Complex in Sector 1, City Centre in Sector 17, Open hand monument in Sector 1, Le Corbusier Centre in Sector 19, Government Museum and Art Gallery in Sector 10, International Doll Museum in Sector 23, Sree Chaitanya Gaudiya Math in Sector 20.

There are many tourist gardens like the Garden of Fragrance in Sector 36, Garden of Palms in Sector 42, Butterfly Park in Sector 26, Valley of Animals in Sector 49, the Japanese Garden in Sector 31 and the Terraced Garden in Sector 33.[19] Several other famous tourist destinations like Pinjore Gardens, Morni Hills, Nada Sahib, Kasauli, Chhatbir Zoo lie in its vicinity.

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Public transport
CTU AC bus plying till Derabassi

(CTU) operates public transport buses from its Inter State Bus Terminals (ISBT) in Sectors 17 and 43 of the city.[20] CTU also operates frequent bus services to the neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and to Delhi. All buses from Haryana and Delhi going towards Chandigarh cross Derabassi. Commute to derabassi is pretty easy and bus services are available from Delhi Kashmiri Gate ISBT.

Derabassi is well connected by road to the following nearby cities, by the following highway routes:

.

Air[edit]

View of Chandigarh Airport new terminal

Chandigarh International Airport has scheduled commercial flights to major cities of India including Delhi, Pune, Mumbai, Chennai, Thiruvananthapuram, Leh and Srinagar. The airport has international flights to Sharjah , Dubai and Bangkok

Rail[edit]

Chandigarh Junction railway station lies in the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railway network and provide connectivity to all the regions of India and some major Indian cities. It provides connectivity to eastern states with link to cities like Kolkata,[21] Dibrugarh;[22] southern states with trains to Visakhapatnam,[23] Thiruvananthapuram,[24] Bangalore[25] and Kollam; western states with trains to Jaipur,[26] Ahmedabad[27] and Mumbai;[28] central states with trains to Bhopal[29] and Indore;[30] other northern states with trains to Lucknow,[31] Amritsar,[32] Ambala,[33] Panipat,[34] Kalka,[35] Shimla.[36] and Pune.

Real Estate Projects and Hotels in Derabassi[edit]

Derabassi's location make it suitable for various Real-estate projects. Its just 8km from Chandigarh's southern boundary, and just 10km from Panchkula's western and southern border and just 10km from Mohali. Most importantly, its located on Delhi-Chandigarh highway. Zirakpur and Derabassi are expanding towards each other which will form a continuous Urban belt from Derabassi to Chandigarh. Certain real estate projects and Hotels are:

  1. ATS Golf Meadows
  2. Bella Homes
  3. Silver City
  4. Chandigarh Apartments
  5. GBP Superia
  6. GBP Business Square
  7. GBP Ultima
  8. GBP Eco Greens
  9. Ubber Golden Palms
  10. Estonia Homez
  11. SBP Housing Park
  12. Leaf Stone Valley
  13. GBP Rosewood Estate
  14. GBP Eco Homes
  15. GBP Astra
  16. Gulmohar City Extension
  17. Hotel Blue Sapphire
  18. Jyoti Hotel
  19. Hotel Evergreen
  20. Hotel Paras
  21. Hotel Saugaat

Hospitals In Dera Bassi[edit]

  1. Indus International Hospital
  2. Ayush Nursing Home, Shakti Nagar, Derabassi.
  3. Sri Sukhmani Multi Speciality Hospital ,Derabassi
  4. Civil Hospital, Derabassi
  5. Apex Dental Care And Implant Centre, Derabassi
  6. Apna hospital, Dera Bassi
  7. Ashoka healthcare, Dera Bassi
  8. National Dental College and Hospital, Gulabgarh Derabassi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chandigarh Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  2. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  3. ^ "Places to See". chandigarhtourism.gov.in. Chandigarh Tourism. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  4. ^ http://chandigarhtourism.gov.in/images/map.jpg
  5. ^ "Sukhna Lake - Chandigarh Sukhna Lake - Sukhna Lake of Chandigarh India". chandigarh.co.uk. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  6. ^ "The Garden of Silence – quieter end of Sukhna Lake". kiboli.wordpress.com. Wordpress. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Pierre Jeanneret - HELMUTT". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  8. ^ Eron Johnson. "Biography: Pierre Jeanneret - Eron Johnson Antiques". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Le Corbusier Pierre Jeanneret Chandigarh India". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Nek Chand's Rock Garden in Chandigarh". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  11. ^ "Nek Chand's Rock Garden in Chandigarh". pnrstatusirctc.in.
  12. ^ "About Nek Chand". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  13. ^ "Rock Garden". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  14. ^ "Places to visit - Rock Garden". CITCO Chandigarh. Archived from the original on 1 January 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  15. ^ http://chandigarhtourism.gov.in/Chandigarh%20Tourism%20-%20gardens.htm
  16. ^ "Chandigarh Tourism - The Hub of North India". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  17. ^ "Rose Garden of Chandigarh". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  18. ^ "Official Website of Chandigarh Administration". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  19. ^ "Official Website of Chandigarh Administration". chandigarh.gov.in.
  20. ^ "Chandigarh Transport Undertaking". Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  21. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to HWH/Howrah: 9 Trains".
  22. ^ "15904/Chandigarh - Dibrugarh (Bi-weekly) Express - Chandigarh/CDG to Guwahati/GHY - India Rail Info".
  23. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to VSKP/Visakhapatnam: 1 Trains".
  24. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to KCVL/Kochuveli: 2 Trains".
  25. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to SBC/KSR Bengaluru City (Bangalore): 2 Trains".
  26. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to JP/Jaipur: 4 Trains".
  27. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to ADI/Ahmedabad: 4 Trains".
  28. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to BDTS/Bandra Terminus: 10 Trains".
  29. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to BPL/Bhopal: 11 Trains".
  30. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to INDB/Indore BG: 4 Trains".
  31. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to LKO/Lucknow Charbagh NR: 33 Trains".
  32. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to ASR/Amritsar: 43 Trains".
  33. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to UMB/Ambala Cantt.: 34 Trains".
  34. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to PNP/Panipat: 14 Trains".
  35. ^ "CDG/Chandigarh to KLK/Kalka: 13 Trains".
  36. ^ "Chandigarh/CDG to Shimla/SML: Trains at a Glance".

2. https://www.nhp.gov.in/hospital/sri-sukhmani-multi-speciality-hospital-derabassi--punjab