Dera Ghazi Khan District

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Dera Ghazi Khan District
ضِلع ڈيره غازى خان
District
Location of Dera Ghazi Khan District (highlighted in orange) within Punjab.
Location of Dera Ghazi Khan District
(highlighted in orange) within Punjab.
Country  Pakistan
Province Punjab
Headquarters Dera Ghazi Khan
Government
 • District Coordination Officer Iftikhar Ali Sahu
 • District Police Officer Ch.Muhammad Saleem
Population (1998)
 • Total 1,643,118
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 2
Website http://dgkhan.gop.pk/

Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjabi, Urdu: ضِلع ڈيره غازى خان‎), is a district in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Its capital is Dera Ghazi Khan city. The district covers an area of 5,306 m² and it is a long narrow strip of country, 198 km. in length, sloping gradually from the hills which form its western boundary to the river Indus on the east.

The Sulaiman Mountains rise to a height of 10,000 feet (3,000 m) in the north of the district.[1]

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into two tehsils and one De-Excluded Area[2][3] which are divided into a total of sixty Union Councils:[4]

Tehsil No. of Unions
Dera Ghazi Khan 41
Taunsa 24
De-Excluded Area 01

History[edit]

The city was founded at the close of the 15th century and named after Nawab Ghazi Khan Mirani, son of Nawab Haji Khan Mirani, a Balochi chieftain, who had declared independence from the Langah Dynasty's Sultans of Multan. Together with two other Deras i.e. settlements, Dera Ismail Khan and Dera Fateh Khan, it gave its name to Derajat. Derajat eventually came into the possession of the British after the Sikh War in 1849 and was divided into two districts: Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan. After the independence, many of the city's Hindu residents settled in Derawal Nagar colony of Delhi, India.[5] The district of Rajanpur was later carved out of the Dera Ghazi Khan district. Some of them also settled in various part of India, including Bhiwani, Delhi, Jhansi, Ranchi, Ambala and Haridwar.

Dera Ghazi Khan was founded in the 15th century by Amar, a Tribal Sardar of Mirani tribe. The old city of Dera Ghazi Khan was situated at the distance of 10 miles (16 km) towards east of the present city. In 1908, the old city of Dera Ghazi Khan was abolished due to heavy flood in the river Indus. Resultantly the existing city of Dera Ghazi Khan was came into being in the year 1910. The city is divided into different blocks. The British ruler established colonial system in the continent and declared Dera Ghazi Khan as district in the year 1849. General Court Land was appointed as first Deputy Commissioner of this District. Keeping in view the rapidly increasing population of the area and deteriorating law and order situation district Dera Ghazi Khan was divided in two districts i.e. Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur. Presently there are two revenue sub division of the District. A tribal belt/political area spread along with western side of the District. Mirani has been extinct three centuries ago.[citation needed]

Based on the surveys of 2004–2005, Dera Ghazi Khan district is considered one of the twenty most poorest districts of Pakistan with about 51% of its population living under the poverty line.[6]

Location[edit]

Dera Ghazi Khan Tehsil[edit]

As well as being district capital, Dera Ghazi Khan is also the capital of Dera Ghazi Khan Tehsil, an administrative subdivision of the district. The city of Dera Ghazi Khan is itself administratively subdivided into seven Union Councils.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dera Ghazi Khan District – Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 11, p. 248
  2. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan – Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  3. ^ Pakistan Government – List of Tehsils Archived March 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan Archived February 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Colonies, posh and model in name only!". NCR Tribune. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 
  6. ^ Haroon Jamal (June 2007). Income Poverty at District Level: An Application of Small Area Estimation Technique (PDF) (Report). Social Policy and Development Centre. pp. 15–18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of D.G. Khan – Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2012-03-24. 

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "article name needed". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Coordinates: 29°50′N 70°30′E / 29.833°N 70.500°E / 29.833; 70.500