Derby Line–Stanstead Border Crossing
|Derby Line-Stanstead Border Crossing|
Canada Border Inspection Station at Stanstead, Quebec
|Country||United States; Canada|
US Port: 84 Main St, Derby Line, Vermont 05830Canadian Port: 226 Dufferin Street, Stanstead, Quebec J0B 3E2
|US Phone||(802) 873-3161|
|Canadian Phone||(819) 876-2793|
|Hours||Open 24 Hours|
U.S. Inspection Station-Derby Line, Vermont
|MPS||U.S. Border Inspection Stations MPS|
|NRHP reference #||14000609|
|Added to NRHP||September 10, 2014|
The Derby Line–Stanstead Border Crossing is a border crossing station on the Canada–United States border, connecting the towns of Stanstead, Quebec and Derby Line, Vermont. It connects Main Street (United States Route 5) in Derby Line with Quebec Route 143 in Stanstead. It is one of two local crossings between the two towns (the other is the Beebe Plain-Beebe Border Crossing), which historically had many more. This was a major crossing point until the construction of Interstate 91 and the Derby Line–Rock Island Border Crossing in the 1970s. The historic 1930s United States station facilities were listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. Both stations are open 24 hours per day.
This border crossing is the second-busiest of the 15 in Vermont. It is located between the villages of Derby Line and Rock Island, both of which are developed up to the border. The two villages have a historically friendly relationship with one another, and there are two roads east of the US 5-Quebec 143 crossing that once crossed the border, but have been barricaded since 2009. The cross-border relationship was cemented in part by the construction in 1904 of the Haskell Free Library and Opera House, which straddles the border and provides library services to both communities. The border itself is an east-west line, with a portion of the Tomifobia River running east-west just to its north.
United States station
The US border station stands about 300 feet (91 m) south of the border, on the west side of US 5. Its main building is a two-story brick Georgian Revival structure with a hip roof. A metal porte-cochere extends across two lanes, diverted from the roadway for the processing of incoming vehicles. Behind the main building stand an eight-bay vehicle inspection garage, and a wood-frame cattle inspection facility. Due to a decrease in the use of the crossing, only the southern part of the main building is used for customs and immigration; the northern portion now houses the local post office.
The station was formally opened in 1932, when the main building was completed. It is one of several standardized inspection station layouts developed by the United States Treasury Department, and was the largest and most architecturally sophisticated of those built in Vermont in the 1930s. It was built as part of a program to improve border security developed to respond to increased use of the automobile, increased illegal border crossing, and smuggling related to Prohibition. The principal alterations to the building have been to the northern half of the ground floor, to accommodate the new use as a post office.
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The current Canada border station was built in 1970. The former Canada border station still stands adjacent to it, and functions as a restaurant.
- List of Canada–United States border crossings
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Orleans County, Vermont
- "Chapter 2: The 45th Parallel". United Divide: A Linear Portrait of the USA/Canada Border. The Center for Land Use Interpretation. Winter 2015.
- Farfan, Matthew (2009). The Vermont-Quebec Border - Life on the Line, Arcadia Publishing
- "NRHP nomination for U.S. Inspection Station-Derby Line, Vermont" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-01-01.