|Born||26 July 1979|
Reading, Berkshire, England
|Known for||Music ability|
|Relatives||Ann de Trafford (grandmother)|
Andrew Parker Bowles (uncle)
Paravicini was born extremely prematurely, at 25 weeks, along with a twin sister, who did not survive birth. He was blinded by an overdosage of oxygen therapy given during his time in a neonatal intensive care unit (Stevie Wonder also became blind under similar circumstances after a premature birth). This also affected his developing brain, resulting in him having a severe learning disability. He also is considered to be on the autism spectrum.
Paravicini has absolute pitch and can play any piece of music after hearing it once. He began playing the piano at the age of two when his nanny gave him an old keyboard. His parents arranged for him to attend the Linden Lodge School for the Blind in London. On his introductory visit to the school, in the music room he broke free from his parents, then headed straight for a piano being played. He pushed the player aside to take over. The player encouraged him and arranged first weekly and then daily lessons. At age seven, Paravicini gave his first concert, at Tooting Leisure Centre in South London.
In 1989, at the age of nine, Paravicini had his first major public concert at the Barbican Hall in London where he played with the Royal Philharmonic Pops Orchestra. In that year, he appeared on Wogan and was the main subject of a documentary called Musical Savants.
When he was older, he was presented with a Barnardo's Children's Champion Award by Diana, Princess of Wales, for his performances at age seven and nine. More opportunities followed, including playing at Ronnie Scott's Jazz Club.
Paravicini's first album Echoes of the Sounds to Be was released on 27 September 2006. His official biography, In the Key of Genius by Adam Ockelford, was published in the UK by Hutchinson (ISBN 978-0091796129) on 3 May 2007.
Notable features and performances
Paravicini has appeared on various television programs. He was featured on an episode of Channel 5's Extraordinary People, in an episode titled "The Musical Genius." This showed his journey to Las Vegas to play in a charity concert with another savant, Rex Lewis-Clack. He was interviewed twice by Lesley Stahl for 60 Minutes. In 2009, he was one of the subjects of the NOVA series' episode "Musical Minds", featuring neurologist Oliver Sacks, on PBS. He was featured a second time by 60 Minutes on 14 March 2010. In 2009, he performed for the former Chancellor Alistair Darling, and unexpectedly played "Big Spender".
On 26 August 2010, Paravicini was featured on the History Channel's Stan Lee's Superhumans. On the show, he was subjected to testing which verified his savantism and musical ability. After Paravicini improvised at two pianos with the composer Matthew King for a radio programme made for BBC Radio 4, they collaborated on a new piano concerto entitled Blue. It was first performed in September 2011 by the Orchestra of St John's in the Queen Elizabeth Hall, London. This is believed to be the first work for piano and orchestra ever composed for someone with learning disabilities. It was the subject of a feature on BBC News in September 2011.
On 9 March 2013, Paravicini appeared with Adam Ockelford at TEDxWarwick. During the talk, Ockelford discussed Paravicini's amazing musical abilities, while Paravicini demonstrated them.
After his parents divorced, there were legal questions raised about Paravicini's care. On 13 May 2010, Paravicini made legal history when the United Kingdom's last remaining secret court was opened for the first time to discuss his future care. The Court of Protection, which controls the future of adults incapable of managing their own affairs, appointed Paravicini's family to look after his welfare and commercial future. Until that legal decision was made, the Official Solicitor from the Ministry of Justice had been looking after his affairs.
He is a great-grandson of author W. Somerset Maugham and great-great-grandson of Thomas John Barnardo. His stepmother is Susan Rose "Sukie" Phipps (born 1941), who was brought up by Fitzroy Maclean, one of the models for James Bond. His cousins include food writer Tom Parker Bowles and his sister Laura Lopes.
- Ockelford, Adam: In the Key of Genius: The Extraordinary Life of Derek Paravicini, Arrow, 2008. ISBN 978-0099513582/
- Leslie Lemke, musician
- Jim Ankan. "Derek Paravicini – Musician or a Superhuman?". EF News International. Archived from the original on 9 May 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2011.
- 'Autistic pianist makes legal history after UK's last secret court opens' The Times 14 May 2010
- "Meet Musical Savant Rex: Lesley Stahl Checks In On A Boy With An Extraordinary Musical Talent". CBS, 60 Minutes. 23 October 2005. Retrieved 8 November 2007.
- Darold Treffert, MD. "Derek Paravicini". Wisconsin Medical Society. Archived from the original on 25 June 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2007.
- "NOVA | Musical Minds | Watch the Program | PBS". Pbs.org. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
- "Derek Paravicini's Blog: Derek on CBS (60 minutes)". Derekparavicinisblog.blogspot.com. 14 March 2010. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
- [dead link]
- "Blind, autistic and a musical genius". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
- "In the Key of Genius: Derek Paravicini and Adam Ockelford at TEDxWarwick 2013". YouTube. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
- "Derek Paravicini, the Parker Bowles prodigy", Timesonline.co.uk, 28 February 2008.
- "Derek Paravicini, the Parker Bowles prodigy", The Times. 28 February 2008