Des Moines, New Mexico

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Des Moines, New Mexico
Village
Location of Des Moines, New Mexico
Location of Des Moines, New Mexico
Des Moines, New Mexico is located in the US
Des Moines, New Mexico
Des Moines, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 36°45′37″N 103°50′7″W / 36.76028°N 103.83528°W / 36.76028; -103.83528Coordinates: 36°45′37″N 103°50′7″W / 36.76028°N 103.83528°W / 36.76028; -103.83528
Country United States
State New Mexico
County Union
Area
 • Total 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
 • Land 1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 6,647 ft (2,026 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 143
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 88418
Area code(s) 575
FIPS code 35-20480
GNIS feature ID 0899607

Des Moines is a village in Union County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 143 at the 2000 census. It is located northeast of Sierra Grande, a large shield volcano. Des Moines is a small village surrounded by large cattle ranches. Just Southwest of the town Sierra Grande, the largest shield volcano in the Clayton and Raton volcanic field, can be found. The current population is 20% lower since the year 2000. Des Moines is known for its educational services, construction, and agriculture. The general cost of living index for Des Moines is 84.9.

History[edit]

A post office called Des Moines has been in operation since 1906.[1] The village took its name after Des Moines, Iowa.[2]

Geography[edit]

Des Moines is located at 36°45′37″N 103°50′7″W / 36.76028°N 103.83528°W / 36.76028; -103.83528 (36.760167, -103.835317).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 362
1940 289 −20.2%
1950 282 −2.4%
1960 207 −26.6%
1970 204 −1.4%
1980 178 −12.7%
1990 168 −5.6%
2000 177 5.4%
2010 143 −19.2%
Est. 2015 129 [4] −9.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 143 people, 72 households, and 37 families residing in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 88.1% White (65.7% non-Hispanic white), 1.4% Native American, 7.0% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.8% of the population.[7]

As of the 2000 census There were 72 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the village, the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 78.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $27,321, and the median income for a family was $40,833. Males had a median income of $21,042 versus $33,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,255. About 25.6% of families and 31.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 26.9% of those sixty five or over.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Union County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  2. ^ "Odd names abound in this state". Reading Eagle. Jan 1, 1970. p. 2. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ 2010 census general profile of population and housing characteristics of Des Moines