Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib

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Ali was the fourth of the Rashidun (or The Rightly Guided Caliphs) of Sunni Islam and the first Imam of Shia Muslims. He was a cousin of the Islamic prophet Muhammad as well as Muhammad's son-in-law. He had several children by Fatimah, Muhammad's daughter, as well as children by other wives. Some of his descendants through Fatima are still revered today in Shia Islam as Imams, Sharifs and Sayyids.

Ali's children[edit]

By Fatima[edit]

Sayyida Fatima Zahra was Muhammad's daughter.

The Ottomans were officially from Hanafi-Sunni branch of Islam, the names of two sons of Fatimah and Ali were inscribed inside all of their mosques. An example of this is the beautiful[peacock term] writings of Hasan and Husayn with Islamic calligraphy in Hagia Sophia Museum, Istanbul, Turkey.



  • Zaynab bint Ali married her cousin Abdullah ibn Ja'far ibn Abi Talib, and bore four sons and a daughter:
    • Ali ibn Abdullah
    • Aun ibn Abdullah died at Karbala, 680 C.E., age 13
    • Muhammad ibn Abdullah died at Karbala, 680 C.E., age about 12
    • Abbas ibn Abdullah
    • Umm Kulthum bint Abdullah
  • Umm Kulthum bint Ali - According to Sunnis, she was married the second caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab[2][3] and had two children with him: a son named Zayd who was famously known as Ibn Alkhalifatayn (Arabic:ابن الخليفتين, son of the two caliphs [Umar and Imam Ali]) and a daughter called Ruqayya. After Umar's death, she married her cousin Awn ibn Ja'far, and, after his death, his brother Muhammad.

By Khawla bint Ja'far[edit]

By Fatima bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya, known as Umm ul-Banin[edit]


  • Abbas, died at Karbala, 680 C.E., said to be the 'right hand' of Imam Husayn ibn Ali. Married Lubaba bint Ubaydillah, three sons:[4]
    • Al-Fadl ibn al-Abbas, died at Karbala, 680 C.E.
    • Qasim ibn al-Abbas, died at Karbala, 680 C.E.
    • Ubaydullah ibn al-Abbas, still alive after Karbala
  • Abdullah ibn Ali, died at Karbala[4]
  • Imran ibn Ali, died 680 C.E. at Karbala[4]
  • Ja'far ibn Ali]], died 680 C.E. at Karbala, age 19[4]

By Umama Bint Abul-Aas, daughter of Zaynab bint Muhammad[edit]

  • Hilal, died in Khorasan, 64 A.H.[5]
  • Awn, died in Khorasan, 64 A.H.[5]
  • Muhammad al-Awsat (The middle Muhammad)[6]

By other wives[edit]


Daughters of Ali by other wives include:[6]

  • Ruqaya
  • Ramla al-Kubra (The eldest Ramla)
  • Um al-Hasan
  • Um Hani
  • Maymūnah
  • Zainab al-Sughra (The youngest Zainab)
  • Um Kulthum
  • Fatima
  • Umamah
  • Khadija
  • Um al-Kiram
  • Um Salma
  • Um Jafar
  • Jumana
  • Nafeesa


Sons of Ali by other wives include:[6]

  • Abdullah
  • Yahya
  • Muhammad al-Asghar (The youngest Muhammad)
  • Abu Bakr[4]
  • Ibrahim[7][8]
  • Umar[7][8]

Adopted Children[edit]

Later generations of Ali and Fatimah's descendants[edit]

The Idrisid and Alaouite dynasties of Morocco claim to be descended from Ali and Fatimah. The descendants of Ali include the Hashemite royal families of Jordan[9] various Somali clans,[10] the Husseini family of Lebanon, the Hiraki family of Syria and Egypt, the Alaouite royal family of Morocco and the Ashrafs of the city of Harar, Mashwanis of Pushtuns. Other prominent descendants include: Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Ali al-Uraidhi ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq, Muhammad ibn Qasim (al-Alawi), Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj), Yahya ibn Umar, Muhammad ibn Ali al-Hadi and Ibn Dihya al-Kalby.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tabatabae (1979), page 194
  2. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. pp. Volume 21, pg 199. 
  3. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. pp. Volume 4, pg 272. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Al-Tabari 1990, pp. vol.XIX pp. 178–179
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ a b c
  7. ^ a b The Sanctified Household
  8. ^ a b List of Martyrs of Karbala Archived June 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. by Khansari "فرزندان اميراالمؤمنين(ع): 1-ابوبكربن علي(شهادت او مشكوك است). 2-جعفربن علي. 3-عباس بن علي(ابولفضل) 4-عبدالله بن علي. 5-عبدالله بن علي العباس بن علي. 6-عبدالله بن الاصغر. 7-عثمان بن علي. 8-عمر بن علي. 9-محمد الاصغر بن علي. 10-محمدبن العباس بن علي."
  9. ^ Family tree of King Abdullah of Jordan
  10. ^ Johnson, John William (1996). Heelloy: Modern Poetry and Songs of the Somali. Indiana University Press. p. 23. ISBN 1874209812.