Descendants of John VI of Portugal

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King John VI of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves.

The Descendants of John VI of Portugal, of the House of Braganza, would play a role in Portuguese imperial affairs, global royalty, and major historical events of their time. John's marriage to Carlota Joaquina of Spain, which was not a content one, produced many children which would be key players in the world at their time

His descendents can be found in both reigning and non-reigning royal families of Europe and Brazil; in fact, mainly through his second son, Miguel, nicknamed Grandfather of Europe, his descendants nowadays rule in Belgium, Luxemburg, Liechtenstein, and were claimants to the thrones of Portugal, Austria, and the former Duchy of Parma.[citation needed]

This article deals with the children of John VI and in turn their senior heirs.

Background on John VI[edit]

Family of John VI Embarking from Belém, Lisbon; 1810.

John, born on 13 May 1767 in Lisbon, was the second son of King Maria I and Pedro III.

Throne of Portugal[edit]

When John was born, his brother, José, Prince of Brazil, was the heir to their mother, Maria I of Portugal. It was only after José's death by smallpox, in 1788, that John became the heir to the Portuguese throne. By this time, John was already 21 years old and he had not been groomed to become monarch, as his brother was so famously, and rigorously, done. He was said to have been uncultured, stupid, and ill-mannered, which worried the kingdom.

In 1799, John became Prince regent for his mother, who had been declared unable to reign, owing to her mental illness. At the same time, Napoleon Bonaparte had taken control of France through his coup-d'etat, the 18 Brumaire. Spain and France would soon sign a treaty and declare war and attempt to invade Portugal, starting the War of the Oranges. While peace was eventually attained, Portugal and its empire suffered territorial losses.

Portugal was the last country on the continent to not have joined the Continental System, John having tried to push his answer as long as he could. In 1807, France grew restless and finally sent troops on their way to Portugal, to force submission. To safeguard the House of Braganza and its rule over the Portuguese Empire, John moved the Portuguese court and capital to a safer location in the empire, Colonial Brazil. To satisfy the ettiquete required by European society, John raised Brazil to a kingdom, forming the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves.

In Rio de Janeiro, John established his court. In 1816, Maria I died and John was acclaimed King John VI of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. By this time, Napoleon had been defeated and European courts demanded the return of the Portuguese court to Europe, which John eventually did, but leaving Pedro, Prince Royal as regent of Brazil. Refusing to return to Europe, Pedro declared Brazilian Independence.

When John died, a crisis of succession would occur over the Portuguese throne, a crisis fueled by John's children. It is John's eldest sons and granddaughter that would split the House of Braganza into three branches, the original House of Braganza, the Brazilian House of Braganza, and the Miguelist House of Braganza.

Descendants[edit]

On 8 May 1785, John married Carlota Joaquina of Spain. The couple had 9 children.

Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira
1793–1874
Maria Teresa de Braganca.jpg 29 April 1793
Palace of Ajuda
daughter of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Infante Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal
13 May 1810
1 child

Carlos V of Spain (carlist)
June 1838
no children
17 January 1874
Trieste
aged 80
Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain
1811–1875
Infante Sebastião de Bourbon e Bragança.jpg 4 November 1811
Rio de Janeiro
son of Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira and Infante Pedro Carlos of Spain and Portugal
Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
25 May 1832
no children

Maria Cristina of Spain
19 November 1860
5 children
13 January 1875
Pau
aged 63
Francisco María, Duke of Marchena
1861–1923
Coat of Arms of the Spanish House of Bourbon Dukedoms.svg 20 August 1861
Madrid
son of Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain and Maria Cristina of Spain
María del Pilar of Muguiro and Beruete
7 January 1886
3 children
17 November 1923
Neuilly-sur-Seine
aged 62
María Cristina, Duchess of Marchena
1889–1981
Coat of Arms of the Spanish House of Bourbon Dukedoms.svg 27 July 1889
Paris
daughter of Francisco María, Duke of Marchena and María del Pilar of Muguiro and Beruete
Leopold Walford
November 11, 1911
2 children
3 October 1981
London
aged 92
Juan Jorge, Duke of Ansola and Marchena
1912–1999
Coat of Arms of the Spanish House of Bourbon Dukedoms.svg 20 August 1912
Paris
son of María Cristina, Duchess of Marchena and Leopold Walford
Emanuela Hawkins
1935
7 children
22 February 1999
London
aged 87
Juan Jacobo, Duke of Marchena
1941–present
Coat of Arms of the Spanish House of Bourbon Dukedoms.svg 27 July 1941
London
son of Juan Jorge, Duke of Ansola and Marchena and Emanuela Hawkins
not married

Francisco António, Prince of Beira[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Francisco António, Prince of Beira
1795–1801
Antònio Pio, Príncipe da Beira.png 21 March 1795
Queluz Palace
son of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
never married 11 June 1801
Queluz Palace
aged 6

Maria Isabel of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria Isabel of Portugal
1797–1818
Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer.jpg 19 May 1797
Queluz Palace
daughter of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Ferdinand VII of Spain
29 September 1816
1 child
26 December 1818
Royal Palace of Madrid
aged 21

Pedro I and IV of Brazil and Portugal[edit]

As Pedro IV of Portugal (senior branch)[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Pedro IV of Portugal
1826–1826
DpedroI-brasil-full.jpg 12 October 1798
Queluz, Sintra
son of John VI of Portugal and Charlotte of Spain
Maria Leopoldina of Austria
1817
7 children

Amélie of Leuchtenberg
1829
1 child
24 September 1834
Queluz, Sintra
aged 35
Maria II of Portugal
1826–1853
Maria II Portugal 1829.jpg 4 April 1819
Rio de Janeiro
daughter of Pedro I and IV of Brazil and Portugal and Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg
1834
no children

Fernando of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
1837
11 children
15 November 1853
Lisbon
aged 34
Pedro V of Portugal
1853–1861
PedroV.JPG 16 September 1837
Lisbon
son of Maria II of Portugal and Fernando II of Portugal
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
1858
no children
11 November 1861
Lisbon
aged 24
Luís I of Portugal
1861–1889
LodewijkPortugal.jpg 31 October 1838
Lisbon
son of Maria II of Portugal and Fernando II of Portugal
brother of Pedro V of Portugal
Maria Pia of Savoy
1863
2 children
19 October 1889
Lisbon
aged 50
Carlos I of Portugal
1889–1908
Carlos I of Portugal by José Malhoa.jpg 28 September 1863
Lisbon
son of Luís I of Portugal and Maria Pia of Savoy
Amélie of Orléans
1886
2 children
1 February 1908
Lisbon
aged 44
Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal
1908–1908
SAR Luis Filipe.jpg 21 March 1887
Lisbon
son of Carlos I of Portugal and Amélie of Orléans
never married 1 February 1908
Lisbon
aged 20
Manuel II of Portugal
1908–1910
SMF Manoel II.jpg 19 March 1889
Lisbon
son of Carlos I of Portugal and Amélie of Orléans
brother of Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
1913
no children
2 July 1932
Fulwell, London
aged 42

As Pedro I of Brazil (junior branch)[edit]

Descendent Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Pedro I of Brazil
1821–1831
DpedroI-brasil-full.jpg 12 October 1798
Queluz, Sintra
son of John VI of Portugal and Charlotte of Spain
Maria Leopoldina of Austria
1817
7 children

Amélie of Leuchtenberg
1829
1 child
24 September 1834
Queluz, Sintra
aged 35
Pedro II of Brazil
1831–1891
Pedro II of Brazil - Brady-Handy.jpg 2 December 1825
Rio de Janeiro
son of Pedro I of Brazil and Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Teresa of the Two Sicilies
17 September 1842
4 children
5 December 1891
Paris
aged 66
Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
1891–1921
Princesa Imperial Dona Isabel de Bragança.jpg 29 July 1846
Rio de Janeiro
daughter of Pedro II of Brazil and Teresa of the Two Sicilies
Gaston, Count of Eu
15 October 1864
3 children
14 November 1921
Eu, Seine-Maritime
aged 75
Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará
1921–1940
Pedro alcantara filho isabel.jpg 15 October 1875
Petrópolis
son of Gaston, Count of Eu and Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
Elisabeth Dobrzensky
14 November 1908
5 children
29 January 1940
Petrópolis
aged 64
Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza
1940–2007
Eu pierre.jpg 19 February 1913
Eu, Seine-Maritime
son of Pedro de Alcantara of Orléans-Braganza and Elisabeth Dobrzensky
Maria de la Esperanza of the Two Sicilies
18 December 1944
Seville
6 children
27 December 2007
Villamanrique de la Condesa
aged 94
Pedro Carlos of Orléans-Braganza
2007–present
DOM PEDRO CARLOS DE ORLEANS E BRAGANÇA CHEFE DA CASA IMPERIAL DO BRASIL.jpg 31 October 1945
Rio de Janeiro
son of Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza and Maria de la Esperanza of the Two Sicilies
Rony Kuhn de Souza
2 September 1975
1 child

Patricia Alexandra Brascomb
16 July 1981
1 child

Maria Francisca of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria Francisca of Portugal
1800–1834
Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal.jpg 22 April 1800
Queluz Palace
daughter of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
22 September 1816
3 children
4 September 1834
Alverstoke
aged 34
Infante Carlos, Count of Montemolin
1818–1861
Infante Carlos, Count of Montemolin.jpg 31 January 1818
Madrid
son of Maria Francisca of Portugal and Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
Maria Carolina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
10 July 1850
no children
13 January 1861
Trieste
aged 43
Juan, Count of Montizón
1822–1887
DonJuanIII.jpg 15 May 1822
Royal Palace of Aranjuez
son of Maria Francisca of Portugal and Infante Carlos, Count of Molina
Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
6 February 1847
2 children
18 November 1887
Hove
aged 65
Carlos, Duke of Madrid
1848–1909
Carlos Duke of Madrid.jpg 30 March 1848
Ljubljana
son of Juan, Count of Montizón and Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este
Margherita of Bourbon-Parma
4 February 1867
5 children

Berthe de Rohan
28 April 1894
no children
18 July 1909
Varese
aged 61
Jaime, Duke of Madrid
1870–1931
Don Jaime de Borbón.jpg 27 June 1870
Vevey
son of Carlos, Duke of Madrid and Margherita of Bourbon-Parma
never married 2 October 1931
Paris
aged 61
Infanta Blanca of Spain
1868–1949
BlancaofAustria.jpg 7 September 1868
Graz
daughter of Carlos, Duke of Madrid and Margherita of Bourbon-Parma
Leopold Salvator, Prince of Tuscany
24 October 1889
10 children
25 October 1949
Viareggio
aged 81
Anton, Prince of Tuscany
1901–1987
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12086, Rumänien, Hochzeit im Königshaus.jpg 20 March 1901
Vienna
son of Blanca of Spain and Leopold Salvator, Prince of Tuscany
Ileana of Romania
26 July 1931
6 children
22 October 1987
Salzburg
aged 86
Archduke Stefan of Austria
1932–1998
Armoiries Habsbourg.svg 15 August 1932
Mödling
son of Anton, Prince of Tuscany and Ileana of Romania
Mary Jerrine Soper
26 August 1954
5 children
12 November 1998
Brighton
aged 66
Christopher Habsburg-Lothringen
1957–present
Armoiries Habsbourg.svg 26 January 1957
Boston
son of Archduke Stefan of Austria and Mary Jerrine Soper
Elizabeth Ann Blanchette
2 May 1987
2 children
Saygan Genevieve Habsburg-Lothringen
1987–present
Armoiries Habsbourg.svg 31 October 1987
Mill Valley
son of Christopher Habsburg-Lothringen and Elizabeth Ann Blanchette
not married

Isabel Maria of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Isabel Maria of Portugal
1801–1876
Isabel Maria de Braganza.jpg 4 July 1801
Queluz Palace
daughter of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
never married 22 April 1876
Belém
aged 74

Miguel I of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Miguel I of Portugal
1802–1866
Miguel I o REi.jpg 26 October 1802
Queluz Palace
son of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
24 September 1851
7 children
14 November 1866
Esselbach
aged 64
Miguel, Duke of Braganza
1853–1927
Miguel, Duke of Braganza.jpg 19 September 1853
Kleinheubach
son of Miguel I and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
17 October 1877
3 children

Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
8 November 1893
8 children
11 October 1927
Seebenstein
aged 74
Miguel, Duke of Viseu
1878–1923
Prince Miguel of Braganza.jpg 22 September 1878
Reichenau an der Rax
son of Miguel, Duke of Braganza and Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
Anita Stewart Morris
15 September 1909
3 children
(declared morganatic)
21 February 1923
New York City
aged 44
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
1907–1976
Duarte Nuno de Bragança.jpg 23 September 1907
Seebenstein
son of Miguel, Duke of Braganza and Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
15 October 1942
3 children
24 December 1976
Seebenstein
aged 69
Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
1945–present
Jantar dos Conjurados.2008 029.jpg 15 May 1945
Bern
son of Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza and Francisca of Orléans-Braganza
Isabel Inês de Castro Curvelo de Herédia
13 May 1995
3 children
Afonso, Prince of Beira
1996–present
Coat of Arms of the Prince of Beira (1734-1910).png 25 March 1996
Lisbon
son of Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza and Isabel Inês de Castro Curvelo de Herédia
not married

Maria da Assunção of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Maria da Assunção of Portugal
1805–1834
Maria da Assunção of Portugal.jpg 25 June 1805
Queluz Palace
daughter of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
never married 7 January 1834
Santarém
aged 29

Ana de Jesus Maria of Portugal[edit]

Descendent Image Birth Marriages Death
Ana de Jesus Maria of Portugal
1806–1834
Infanta D. Ana Jesus Maria.jpg 23 October 1806
Mafra Palace
daughter of John VI and Carlota Joaquina of Spain
Nuno de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé
5 December 1827
5 children
22 June 1857
Rome
aged 28
Pedro de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé
1830–1909
Pedro José Agostinho de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 2º duque de Loulé.jpg 7 October 1830
Paris
son of Ana de Jesus Maria of Portugal and Nuno de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé
Constança Maria de Figueiredo Cabral da Camara
19 April 1852
2 children
2 March 1909
Belém
aged 79
Maria de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duchess of Loulé
1853–1928
Maria Domingas José de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 3ª duquesa de Loulé.jpg 3 March 1853
Belém
daughter of Pedro de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé and Constança Maria de Figueiredo Cabral da Camara
João Maria dos Enfermos da Camara Berquó
18 June 1887
1 child
12 September 1928
Belém
aged 75
Constança de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duchess of Loulé
1889–1967
Constança Maria da Conceição Berquó de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, 4ª duquesa de Loulé.jpg 18 August 1889
Belém
daughter of Maria de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duchess of Loulé and João Maria dos Enfermos da Camara Berquó
José Pedro de Basto Feio Folque
22 May 1921
5 children
14 December 1967
Belém
aged 79
Alberto de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé
1923–2003
Armas duques loulé.png 10 July 1923
Belém
son of Constança de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duchess of Loulé and José Pedro de Basto Feio Folque
Maria Augusta Amélia de Morais Cardoso de Menezes
8 July 1953
8 children
24 September 2003
Cascais
aged 80
Pedro de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé
1958–present
Armas duques loulé.png 9 March 1958
Lisbon
son of Alberto de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé and Maria Augusta Amélia de Morais Cardoso de Menezes
Margarida Corrêa de Barros Vaz Pinto
1997
2 children
D. Henrique Nuno de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto
1997–present
Armas duques loulé.png 21 August 1997
Lisbon
son of Pedro de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, Duke of Loulé and Margarida Corrêa de Barros Vaz Pinto
not married

See also[edit]