Deschampsia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Deschampsia
Deschampsia flexuosa.jpg
Deschampsia flexuosa (left)
Deschampsia cespitosa (right)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Airinae
Genus: Deschampsia
P.Beauv.[2]
Type species
Deschampsia cespitosa
(L.) P.Beauv.[3][4]
Synonyms[5]
  • Airidium Steud.
  • Avenella Bluff ex Drejer
  • Campelia Kunth. alternate spelling
  • Campella Link
  • Czerniaevia Ledeb.
  • Erioblastus Honda
  • Homoiachne Pilg.
  • Lerchenfeldia Schur
  • Monandraira Desv.
  • Podionapus Dulac
  • Vahlodea Fr.

Deschampsia is a genus of plants in the grass family, commonly known as hair grass[6] or tussock grass. The genus is widespread across many countries.[7][8]

The genus is named for French physician and naturalist Louis Auguste Deschamps (1765-1842).[7][9]

Deschampsia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including antler moth, the clay, clouded-bordered brindle, common wainscot, dark arches, dusky brocade, shoulder-striped wainscot, smoky wainscot and wall.

Deschampsia sometimes grow in boggy acidic formations, an example of which is the Portlethen Moss, Scotland. Deschampsia antarctica is the world's most southern monocot, and one of only two flowering plants of Antarctica.

Some species - notably D. cespitosa and D. flexuosa - are grown as ornamental garden plants.

Species[edit]

Formerly included[edit]

Numerous species now regarded a better suited to other genera:[5] Aira, Antinoria, Bromus, Calamagrostis, Centropodia, Colpodium, Dissanthelium, Holcus, Periballia, Peyritschia, Poa, Trisetum and Vahlodea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ illustration circa 1920 from Bilder ur Nordens Flora by Carl Axel Magnus Lindman
  2. ^ "Genus: Deschampsia P. Beauv". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-03-07. 
  3. ^ lectotype designated by Nash in N. L. Britton et A. Brown, Ill. Fl. N.U.S. ed. 2. 1: 215. 7 Jun (1913)
  4. ^ Tropicos, Deschampsia P.Beauv.
  5. ^ a b c "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". 
  6. ^ "Deschampsia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-03-07. 
  7. ^ a b Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 91 descriptions in Latin, etymology explained in French
  8. ^ Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie, plate XVIII (18) figure III (3) line drawing of Deschampsia cespitosa
  9. ^ Jstor Deschamps, Louis Auguste (1765-1842)

External links[edit]