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The following sections list deserts around the world, and their explorers. Expeditions are listed by their leaders; details of other expedition members may be found via the links.
- Kalahari Desert
- Sahara Desert
- Michael Asher & Mariantonietta Peru – made the first known crossing of the Sahara from west to east, by camel and on foot, from Nouakchott, Mauretania, to Abu Simbel, Egypt, 1986–87, a distance of 4500 miles Ref: The Modern Explorers. Thames & Hudson. London 2013 Michael Asher lived for 3 years with the Kababish nomads in the Sudan.
- Eva Dickson – was the first woman to cross the Sahara Desert by car. In 1932 she met the former spouse of Karen Blixen, Baron Bror von Blixen-Finecke, in Kenya, and they became lovers. After her meeting with Blixen in 1932, she took a bet and drove by car from Nairobi to Stockholm in 1932, thus becoming the first woman to have crossed the Sahara by car.
- Heinrich Barth – crossed the Sahara during his travels in Africa and the Middle East during 1845–1847.
- James Richardson – explored the Sahara and Sudan he died in the notorious hamada (a stony desert) in the Western Sahara.
- Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs – German geographer. First person the cross Africa north to south. Named a place Regenfeld near Dakhla Oasis in southern Egypt after experiencing a rare occurrence of desert rain.
- Karl Alfred von Zittel German palaeontologist who accompanied Rohlfs.
- Henri Duveyrier – He undertook a number of fossil-hunting explorations in the Sahara.
- Albert-Félix de Lapparent – Explorer of the northern and western parts of the Sahara.
- Victor Loche – first identified the sand cat (Felis margarita) while exploring the North Sahara.
- Joseph Ritchie – sent to find the course of the River Niger and the location of Timbuktu. He died in Murzuk.
- Helen Thayer – 20th-century walker and explorer.
- Jeremy Curl – youngest known European to walk across the Sahara from north to south. Explored areas of the Tanezrouft, Hoggar mountains and Adrar des Ifoghas, living with the indigenous Tuareg.
- Michiel Franken- First man to ride a sidecar (BMW i8) through the sahara
- Taklamakan Desert China – Charles Blackmore 1993
- Gobi Desert Mongolia
- Rub' al Khali or the Empty Quarter of the Arabian Peninsula:
- Central Australia – general term covering the arid regions in the Australian interior
- Jon Muir – made the first ever unassisted crossing of the Australian desert on foot
- Edward John Eyre – expeditions to Lake Eyre and the Flinders Ranges in the 1830.
- Charles Sturt – expeditions from Adelaide in the 1840s
- John McDouall Stuart – accompanied Sturt 1844–1845; expeditions 1859 & 1860 (South Australia), 1861–1862 (south-north crossing of Australia)
- Ludwig Leichhardt – expeditions 1844–1845 Moreton Bay to Port Essington, 1846–1847 and 1848 west from Moreton Bay, where the entire expedition vanished
- Burke and Wills (Robert O'Hara Burke and William John Wills) – south-north crossing of Australia 1860–1861 where both died on the return journey
- Augustus Gregory – searched for Leichhardt in 1858
- Ernest Giles – expeditions 1872–1876
- Gibson Desert
- Ernest Giles – crossed the desert in 1874
- Great Sandy Desert
- Great Victoria Desert
- Nullarbor Plain – desert plain on the western part of the south coast of Australia
- Edward John Eyre – expedition 1840–1841
- Tanami Desert
- Simpson Desert and Sturt Stony Desert
- Charles Sturt – expedition 1844–1845
- Cecil Madigan – expedition 1939 across the Simpson Desert
- Warren Bonython and Charles McCubbin were the first North to South traverse on foot in 1973 They pulled a cart with supplies and utilised two air drops of water and supplies.
- Louis-Philippe Loncke – unsupported expedition 2008 across the Simpson Desert on foot from North to South
- Western Australia – a large and generally arid region