Deshbhushan

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Acharya Shri

Deshbhushan

Ji Maharaj
Acharya Shri Deshbhushan
Acharya Shri Deshbhushan ji
Personal
Born
Balagauda

1905
Died(1987-05-28)28 May 1987 (aged 81)
ReligionJainism
Parents
  • Satyagauda (father)
  • Akka Devi (mother)
SectDigambara
Religious career
SuccessorAcharya Vidyananda
Ascetics initiatedAcharya Vidyananda
Initiation1936
Kunthalgiri, Maharashtra
by Acharya Jaikirti ji

Acharya Deshbhushan (Hindi: आचार्य देशभूषण) was a Digambara Jain Acharya of 20th century who composed and translated many Kannada scriptures to Hindi and Sanskrit. He initiated and elevated several Jain monks and nuns like Shwetpichhi Acharya Vidyananda ji[1] and Gyanmati Mataji. He is renowned for his remarkable translations of Kannada scriptures to sanskrit and Hindi. He is the first Digambara Acharya to visit and address the Indian Parliament in the year 1974 along with the Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

Early life[edit]

Born on Mārgaśirṣa Śukla Pakṣa Pratipat of the year 1905 in Kothli district of Belgaum, Karnataka in a wealthy landlords family of Sh. Satya Gauda and Akka Devi Patil (Parents), Sh. Bala Gauda Patil (Balappa) completed his primary and secondary education in Hindi, English, Marathi and Kannada medium at Sadalga and Secondary Education at Gilginchi Artal High School, Belagavi with his best friend Dr. A.N. Upadhye. Both went on to receive their Bachelor of Arts with Honours from Bombay University in Sanskrit and Prakrit languages and later moved to Pune for Post-Graduation and joined Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. At this point while Sh. A.N. Upadhye decided to join as Lecturer of Prakrit at Rajaram College, Kolhapur to meet up the social and financial obligations. Bala Gauda decided to continue his further research with the help of original references which were kept intact in the custody of Jain Temples where he came in contact with Acharya Jayakirti ji and got deeply influenced by his lectures.

Initiation as Ailak[edit]

Influenced by Acharya Jayakirti, Bala Gauda requested him to join his group or Jain Sangha. Looking at his young age and family background Acharya explained to him about the traditional way of learning with the Pratimas or the vows which every student has to practice and follow in order to get associated with them. Observing his determination and zeal towards his quest for the right knowledge as per Jain philosophy Acharya Jayakirti initiated him as Ailak or individual researcher to be known as Ailak Deshbhushan in the early 1930s and kept him under observation to be elevated as a Jain Muni.

Initiation as Muni[edit]

Ultimately, after six years of strict observations under his Jain Sangha. Acharya Jayakirti elevated and initiated him as Muni Deshbhushan on 8 March 1936 at the famous Kunthalgiri Jain temple in Maharashtra to further research and explore his ultimate quest for the right wisdom.

Accession & Eminence[edit]

Acharya Deshbhusan (right) with prime Minister Indira Gandhi (left) at Indian parliament in 1974

Samayaktva Chudamani Acharya Ratna Deshbhushan 1981[edit]

Entire Jain community unanimously entitled him as Samayaktva Chudamani Acharya Ratna Shri Deshbhushan ji Muni Maharaja on the event of successfully organizing and conducting the Mahamastakabhisheka at Shravanabelagola in the year 1981.

Acharya Ratna Deshbhushan 1961[edit]

Entire Jain community around Delhi organized a huge event under the banner of Delhi Jain Samaj and entitled him as Acharya Ratna Deshbhushan ji Muni Maharaja in the year 1961.

Acharya Deshbhushan 1948[edit]

He was entitled as Acharya Shri Deshbhushan ji Muni Maharaja by Acharya Shri PaayaSagar ji Muni Maharaja under the guidance of Chatuh Sangha in the year 1948 during a huge event organised at Surat in Gujarat.

Muni Deshbhushan 1936[edit]

He was initiated as Shri Deshbhushan ji Muni Maharaja by Acahrya Shri JayaKirti ji Muniraj on 8 March 1936 at Shri Digambra Jain Siddha Kshetra located at Kunthalgiri, Maharashtra.

Ailak Deshbhushan 1930[edit]

Initiation & Elevation[edit]

He had initiated and elevated some of the most prominent of Jain monks and Nuns:

He gave the title of Upadhyaya (Preceptor) to Muni Vidyananda on 17 November 1974 in Delhi. He further elevated Upadhyaya Vidyananda to Acharya (Chief Preceptor) Vidyananda on 28 June 1987.[2]

Chaturmas[edit]

  1. Mangur, Karnataka 1936
  2. Mangur, Karnataka 1937
  3. Shravanabelagola 1938
  4. Nagpur 1939
  5. Kolhapur 1940
  6. Shamanewadi 1941
  7. Bhoj, Karnataka 1942
  8. Borgaon 1943
  9. Pattankudi 1944
  10. Stavanidhi, Nipani 1945
  11. Galatga 1946
  12. Varanasi 1947
  13. Surat 1948
  14. Arrah 1949
  15. Arrah 1950
  16. Lucknow 1951
  17. Barabanki 1952
  18. Tikait Nagar 1953
  19. Jaipur 1954
  20. Delhi 1955
  21. Delhi 1956
  22. Delhi 1957
  23. Kolkata 1958
  24. Kolhapur 1959
  25. Maan gaon, Pune 1960
  26. Maan gaon, Pune 1961
  27. Abdul Lat, Maharashtra 1962
  28. Delhi 1963
  29. Jaipur 1964
  30. Delhi 1965
  31. Jaipur 1966
  32. Stavanidhi, Nipani 1967
  33. Belgaum 1968
  34. Kolhapur 1969
  35. Bhoj, Madhya Pradesh 1970
  36. Jaipur 1971
  37. Delhi 1972
  38. Delhi 1973
  39. Delhi 1974
  40. Kothli, Karnataka 1975
  41. Kothli, Karnataka 1976
  42. Kothli, Karnataka 1977
  43. Bhoj, Madhya Pradesh 1978
  44. Shamanewadi 1979
  45. Kothli, Karnataka 1980
  46. Kothli, Karnataka 1981
  47. Jaipur 1982
  48. Kothli, Karnataka 1983
  49. Kothli, Karnataka 1984
  50. Kothli, Karnataka 1985
  51. Sadalga 1986

Achievements[edit]

  • Acharya Deshbhushan urged for the establishment of Chulagiri in 1953.[3]
  • Acharya Deshbhushan Ayurvedic Medical College, Shamanewadi, Karnataka on 13 June 1951 [4][5]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Sep 22, Jaideep Shenoy | TNN | Updated:; 2019; Ist, 18:44. "Heggade mourns passing away of Jain saint Vidyananda Muni Maharaj | Mangaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 September 2019.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  2. ^ Vijay K Jain 2013, p. xiv.
  3. ^ Cort 2010, p. 268.
  4. ^ http://www.lesayurvediccollege.com/
  5. ^ http://www.rguhs.ac.in/senatecorrections2012/eligibleotherthanprofessors.php?ccode=A048

Sources[edit]