Desmodus

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Desmodus
Desmodus.jpg
Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Subfamily: Desmodontinae
Genus: Desmodus
Wied-Neuwied, 1826
Type species
Desmodus rufus
Species

Desmodus archaeodaptes
Desmodus draculae
Desmodus rotundus
Desmodus stocki

Desmodus is a genus of bats which—along with the genera, Diaemus and Diphylla—are allied as the subfamily Desmodontinae, the carnivorous, blood consuming vampire bats of the new world leaf-nosed bat family Phyllostomidae.[1]

The genus was erected in 1826 to accommodate a new species Desmodus rufus described by Maximilian Wied in the second volume of his work detailing his explorations in Brazil.[2][1] The type species was previously described with the name Phyllostoma rotundus by Étienne Geoffroy in 1810.[1]

  • genus Desmodus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.
  2. ^ Wied, M. (1826). Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte von Brasilien /. 2. Weimar: Im Verlage des Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs,. pp. 231–238.
  3. ^ Morgan, G. S.; Linares, O. J.; Ray, C. E. (1988). "New species of fossil vampire bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Desmodontidae) from Florida and Venezuela". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 101 (4): 912–928.
  4. ^ a b c Turvey, S.T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions. In: Turvey, S.T. (editor) (2009). Holocene extinctions. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  5. ^ Turvey, S. 2008. Desmodus draculae. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 13 August 2011.
  6. ^ Barquez, R., Perez, S., Miller, B. & Diaz, M. 2008. Desmodus rotundus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 13 August 2011.
  7. ^ Suárez, W. 2005. Taxonomic status of the Cuban vampire bat (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae: Desmodontinae: Desmodus). Caribbean Journal of Science 41(4):761-767.
  8. ^ Orihuela, Johanset (2011). "Skull variation of the vampire bat Desmodus rotundus (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae): Taxonomic implications for the Cuban fossil vampire bat Desmodus puntajudensis". Chiroptera Neotropical. 17 (1): 863–876. ISSN 2317-6105.
  9. ^ Knox Jones JR, J. (1958). Pleistocene Bats from San Josecito Cave, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History, Volume 9, No. 14, pp. 389-396, December 19, 1958.(Available online)