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Naturalist on the River Amazons figure 3.png
1863 Illustration from
Naturalist on the River Amazons
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Arecoideae
Tribe: Cocoeae
Genus: Desmoncus
  • Atitara Barrère ex Kuntze 1891, illegitimate homonym, not Marcgr. ex Juss. 1816
  • Desmonchus Desf., spelling variation

Desmoncus is a genus of spiny palms native to the Neotropics. The genus extends from Mexico in the north to Brazil and Bolivia in the south, with two species present in the southeastern Caribbean (Trinidad and the Windward Islands).[1][2][3]

  1. Desmoncus chinantlensis Liebm. ex Mart. - southern Mexico and Central America (Veracruz to Nicaragua)
  2. Desmoncus cirrhifer A.H.Gentry & Zardini - Panama, Colombia, Ecuador
  3. Desmoncus costaricensis (Kuntze) Burret - Costa Rica
  4. Desmoncus giganteus A.J.Hend. - Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, western Brazil
  5. Desmoncus horridus Splitg. ex Mart. - Trinidad, Venezuela, the Guianas, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  6. Desmoncus interjectus A.J.Hend. - Colombia
  7. Desmoncus kunarius de Nevers ex A.J.Hend. - Panama
  8. Desmoncus latisectus Burret - Bolivia
  9. Desmoncus leptoclonos Drude - Paraguay, Brazil
  10. Desmoncus loretanus A.J.Hend. - Loreto region of Peru
  11. Desmoncus madrensis A.J.Hend. - Peru
  12. Desmoncus mitis Mart. - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia
  13. Desmoncus moorei A.J.Hend. - Nicaragua, Costa Rica
  14. Desmoncus myriacanthos Dugand. - Panama, Colombia, Venezuela
  15. Desmoncus obovoideus A.J.Hend. - Panama
  16. Desmoncus orthacanthos Mart. - eastern Brazil
  17. Desmoncus osensis A.J.Hend. - Costa Rica
  18. Desmoncus parvulus L.H.Bailey - Venezuela, Colombia, northwestern Brazil, the Guianas
  19. Desmoncus polyacanthos Mart. - Trinidad, Windward Islands, Venezuela, the Guianas, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil
  20. Desmoncus prunifer Poepp. ex Mart. - Loreto region of Peru
  21. Desmoncus pumilus Trail. - Colombia, northwestern Brazil
  22. Desmoncus setosus Mart. - Colombia, northwestern Brazil
  23. Desmoncus stans Grayum & Nevers - Costa Rica
  24. Desmoncus vacivus L.H.Bailey - Colombia, northwestern Brazil, Peru


  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae). Phytotaxa 35: 1-88.