Desmoncus orthacanthos

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Desmoncus orthacanthos
Desmoncus orthacanthos.jpg
Desmoncus orthacanthos spines (2).jpg
D. orthacanthos stem with black spines
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Desmoncus
Species: D. orthacanthos
Binomial name
Desmoncus orthacanthos

Atitara orthacantha (Mart.) Kuntze
Desmoncus horridus Splitg. ex Mart.
Desmoncus longifolius Mart.
Desmoncus lophacanthos Mart.
Desmoncus rudentum Mart.
Desmoncus major Crueg. ex Griseb.
Desmoncus ataxacanthus Barb.Rodr.
Desmoncus palustris Trail
Desmoncus melanacanthos Mart. ex Drude
Desmoncus orthacanthos var. mitis Drude
Desmoncus orthacanthos var. trailianus Drude
Desmoncus macrocarpus Barb.Rodr.
Atitara ataxacantha (Barb.Rodr.) Kuntze
Atitara chinantlensis (Liebm. ex Mart.) Kuntze
Atitara drudeana Kuntze
Atitara horrida (Splitg. ex Mart.) Kuntze
Atitara major (Crueg. ex Griseb.) Kuntze
Atitara palustris (Trail) Kuntze
Desmoncus cuyabaensis Barb.Rodr.
Desmoncus prostratus Lindm.
Atitara cuyabaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr.
Atitara lophacantha (Mart.) Barb.Rodr.
Atitara macrocarpa (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr.
Atitara prostrata (Lindm.) Barb.Rodr.
Atitara rudenta (Mart.) Barb.Rodr.
Desmoncus angustisectus Burret
Desmoncus luetzelburgii Burret
Desmoncus werdermannii Burret
Desmoncus huebneri Burret
Desmoncus leptochaete Burret
Desmoncus kuhlmannii Burret
Desmoncus myriacanthos Dugand
Desmoncus brittonii L.H.Bailey
Desmoncus hartii L.H.Bailey
Desmoncus tobagonis L.H.Bailey
Desmoncus apureanus L.H.Bailey
Desmoncus demeraranus L.H.Bailey & H.E.Moon
Desmoncus velezii L.H.Bailey
Desmoncus multijugus Steyerm.

Desmoncus orthacanthos is a spiny, climbing palm native to tropical South America. Stems grow clustered together, and are 2–12 m long and 1.5–2 cm in diameter. Stems, leaf sheaths and often leaves are covered with black spines up to 6 cm long.[1]

Desmoncus orthacanthos is found in Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru.[2] The stems are used for basket weaving.[1]


  1. ^ a b Henderson, Andrew; Gloria Galeano; Rodrigo Bernal (1995). Field guide to the palms of the Americas. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-08537-4. 
  2. ^ "Desmoncus orthacanthos". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2007-09-24.