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Desmond Seward (born 22 May 1935, Paris) is a British popular historian and the author of many books, including biographies of Henry IV of France, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Marie Antoinette, Empress Eugenie and Napoleon's Family. He specialises in Britain and France in the late Middle Ages. He lives in the English countryside on the Berkshire-Wiltshire border.
Seward's father was William Eric Louis Seward, MC (1891–1975), a Franco-Irishman and industrialist in France whose experiences as a World War I aviator in Palestine were documented by his son in Wings over the Desert (2009). Born in Paris into a family long established at Bordeaux, Seward was educated at Ampleforth in North Yorkshire and at St Catharine's College, Cambridge. He has written extensively on medieval France, also about the military religious orders on which he is considered an authority. Seward is fluent in French and reads Italian, Latin, medieval English and Norman French. He is noted for conducting research on primary sources at relevant foreign locations, and has written historically-oriented travel books. His work has been translated into ten languages including Hebrew and Japanese.
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- Knight of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, 1978
- Knight Constantinian St George (Parma), 2001
- Medal Benemerente (Royal House of Bourbon-Parma), 2003
Seward's work has been mainly well received by critics as offering the general reader a balance of readability and modern scholarship. The First Bourbon (1971), a biography of Henry IV, founder of the Bourbon dynasty, was described by Dame Veronica Wedgwood in the Daily Telegraph as a "sympathetic and well balanced portrait, drawn with a vigorous enthusiasm suitable to the subject ... a most enjoyable and useful biography of a great man." History Today called it "An admirable book. Here a great success story ... is not only told with much verve and pellucid readability, but above all is told from within the age itself."
The Hundred Years War: The English in France 1337–1453 (1978) was rated "a well written narrative, beautifully illustrated, and which takes into account most recent research. It is also a good read." in the view of Richard Cobb writing in the New Statesman. The New Yorker noted that "Mr Seward shows us all the famous sights of those roaring times ...and illuminates them with an easy scholarship, a nice sense of detail ... and a most agreeable clarity of style."
Richard III: England's Black Legend (1983) proved controversial due to the author's rejection of the modern argument that Richard's 'black legend' was no more than Tudor propaganda. Members of the Richard III Society took issue with Seward's description of the king as ‘a peculiarly grim young English precursor of Machiavelli’s Prince.' The biographer Kenneth Rose, writing in the Daily Telegraph in June 1983, claimed that it was their dearest wish that Seward be horsewhipped outside Brooks's Club in St James's. A.L. Rowse however described the book as 'a sensible, reliable account.' John Julius Norwich judged it 'perhaps the best, and certainly the most readable, of recent biographies.' In August 2014 the Folio Society published an updated edition of Richard III: England's Black Legend in the light of evidence from his skeleton. Seward argues that the savage way in which Richard was hacked to death demonstrates how much he was hated and that, with the proof of a crookback, this strengthens the case for Shakespeare's portrait being not so very far from the truth.
Seward, a conservative Roman Catholic, was strongly criticised by Frank McLynn in The Independent for credulity in endorsing such religious phenomena as the "sun dancing" spectacle at Fátima in Portugal and elsewhere. Other reviewers disagreed, The London Evening Standard noting that The Dancing Sun: Journeys to the Miracle Shrines (1993) "...is not, however, a book of credulous modern piety, but an example of that much more interesting English literary genre, the journey as a means of personal discovery." The Tablet concurred, observing that Seward had approached the subject as a sceptic but was "honest about the fact that his journey is also in part a search for reassurance for his own faltering faith"
Reviewing Renishaw Hall: The Story of the Sitwells (2015) in the Sunday Times John Carey observes that of Osbert, Edith and Sacheverell Sitwell "Seward takes a sensible view of the trio's literary output, grading it second-rate at best, while observing drily that Edith's poetry "still has its admirers.". The Literary Review noted approvingly that "Desmond Seward has written a revisionist history of those birds of brilliant plumage, the Sitwells.". The Daily Mail recorded that "Historian Seward seamlessly links the history of this out-of-the ordinary house to that of the family who built and continue to live in it," describing the book as an "entertaining and elegant book.".
- The First Bourbon: Henri IV, King of France and Navarre (1971)
- The Monks of War: The Military Religious Orders (1972)
- Prince of the Renaissance (1973)
- The Bourbon Kings of France (1976)
- Eleanor of Aquitaine (1978)
- The Hundred Years War (1978)
- Monks and Wine (1979)
- Marie Antoinette (1981)
- Richard III (1983)
- Naples (1984)
- Italy's Knights of St George (1986)
- Napoleon's Family (1986)
- Henry V (Henry V as Warlord; 1987)
- Napoleon and Hitler (1988)
- Byzantium (with Susan Mountgarret, 1988)
- Metternich (1991)
- Brooks's: A Social History (jt ed with Philip Ziegler, 1991)
- The Dancing Sun: Journeys to the Miracle Shrines (1993)
- Sussex (1995)
- The Wars of the Roses (1995)
- Caravaggio (1998)
- Eugénie (2004)
- Savonarola (2006)
- Jerusalem's Traitor (2009)
- Also called: Josephus, Masada and the Fall of Judaea (da Capo, US, April 2009)
- Wings over the Desert: In Action with an RFC pilot in Palestine, 1916–18 (2009)
- Old Puglia: A Portrait of South Eastern Italy (with Susan Mountgarret, 2009)
- The Last White Rose: The Spectre at the Tudor Court, 1485–1547 (2010; aka The Last White Rose: The Secret Wars of the Tudors).
- The Demon's Brood: A History of the Plantagenet Dynasty (2014)
- Renishaw Hall: The Story of the Sitwells" (2015)
|Date||Review article||Work(s) reviewed|
|2013||"[Untitled review]". Reviews. History Today. 63 (11): 62–63. November 2013. Retrieved 21 November 2015.||De Lisle, Leanda (2013). Tudor : the family story. London: Chatto & Windus.|