|Named after||Marcel Desprez|
|Parent||Irregular chess opening|
|Synonym(s)||Kadas Opening, Anti-Borg Opening, Samurai Opening, and Reagan's Attack|
The Desprez Opening is a chess opening characterized by the opening move:
- 1. h4
The opening is named after the French player Marcel Desprez. Like a number of other rare openings, 1.h4 has some alternate names such as Kadas Opening (after Gabor Kadas, a Hungarian player), Anti-Borg Opening, Samurai Opening, and Reagan's Attack (according to Eric Schiller's Unorthodox Chess Openings, the latter is a political gibe against Ronald Reagan, since 1. h4 is "thoroughly unmotivated and creates weaknesses with only vague promises of future potential").
|This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Like 1.a4, the Ware Opening, 1.h4 is an irrelevant pawn move which does nothing in the fight over central space, and does very little for development. The only piece released is the rook, and this piece is usually not developed by moving it to h3. In addition, 1.h4 weakens White's kingside. For all of these reasons, 1.h4 is among the rarest of the twenty possible first moves for White.
Black usually responds by grabbing the center with 1...d5 or 1...e5, and simple and sound development by 1...Nf6 is also possible. However, 1...g6, intending to fianchetto Black's bishop on g7, is rare because White can undermine Black's pawn structure with 2.h5, making 1.h4 seem like a logical move.
Grandmaster David Bronstein once remarked that he knew of a Russian player who always opened 1.h4 and always won. His point was that after 1. ...e5 2.g3 d5 3.d4! exd4 4.Qxd4 Nc6 5.Qd1 Nf6 6.Nh3! Be7 7.Nf4 0-0 8.Bg2 the f4 knight is well placed and White has a good position. However, Black does not have to be so cooperative.
|The Wikibook Chess Opening Theory has a page on the topic of: Desprez Opening|