Entrance hall of station (2010)
|Location||Fritz-Hesse-Str. 47, Dessau-Roßlau, Saxony-Anhalt
|Platforms||6 + 1 side platform (DWE)|
|Opened||1 September 1840|
9 June 1958
The station is located to the south of the Elbe and to the west of central Dessau. It is a through station, orientated from the north-east to the south-west. Located on its south-eastern frontage is a stop for Dessau trams and buses operated by Dessauer Verkehrsgesellschaft, the city’s public transport operator.
Dessau had an important role in rail transport from the early days of railways in Germany because of the crossing over the Elbe to its north. The first railway was opened on 1 September 1840 by the Berlin-Anhalt Railway Company. As early as 1911 the line to Bitterfeld was electrified experimentally. Because of the location of several industrial enterprises in the region, such as the Junkers aircraft factory, the railway was very important for rail freight.
In World War II, the station building was destroyed in an air raid on 7 March 1945 and was rebuilt up to 1952.
While the station was formerly a stop for InterRegio and Intercity trains, it is now almost exclusively served by regional transport as Dessau is not located on the busy Berlin–Halle and Magdeburg–Halle–Leipzig lines.
Between 2008 and 2011 a comprehensive renovation was carried out in the Roßlau/Dessau railway transport hub, including a major renovation of the track and overhead line equipment. The track plan of the station has been simplified, so that a speed of 160 km/h is now possible. On 5 December 2010, an electronic interlocking was brought into operation in Dessau.
On 13 Devember 2015, Dessau became a station on the network of the S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland, which connects it with Leipzig.
The station is used only by regional traffic. There have been no long-distance services since the opening of Berlin Hauptbahnhof in 2006. The Dessau-Wörlitz Railway is now a tourist railway and only operates during the summer season.
In public transport the station is served by three tram and six bus routes. In addition all night bus routes start here.
|IC||Leipzig – Dessau – Magdeburg – Braunschweig – Hannover – Bremen / Cologne||Individual services||DB Fernverkehr|
|RE 7||Dessau – Bad Belzig – Michendorf – Berlin – Rangsdorf – Wünsdorf-Waldstadt||
|DB Regio Nordost|
|RE 13||Magdeburg – Zerbst – Dessau – Bitterfeld – Delitzsch – Leipzig||120||DB Regio Südost|
|RE 14||Magdeburg – Zerbst – Dessau – Lutherstadt Wittenberg – Falkenberg (Elster)||Individual services||DB Regio Südost|
|RE 19||Dessau – Bitterfeld – Halle (Saale) – Sangerhausen – Nordhausen – Leinefelde||Individual services||Abellio|
|RB 42||Dessau – Roßlau – Zerbst – Gommern – Königsborn – Biederitz – Magdeburg||120||DB Regio Südost|
|RB 50||Dessau – Köthen – Bernburg – Güsten – Aschersleben||
|DB Regio Südost|
|RB 51||Dessau – Roßlau – Coswig – Lutherstadt Wittenberg (– Zahna / Annaburg – Falkenberg (Elster))||60||DB Regio Südost|
|RB 59||Dessau – Bitterfeld – Halle (Saale) – Sangerhausen – Sömmerda – Erfurt||Individual services||Abellio|
|S 2||Dessau – Bitterfeld – Delitzsch – Leipzig – Leipzig-Connewitz – Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz||
individual services (Connewitz–Gaschwitz)
|DB Regio Südost|
|DVE||Dessau – Oranienbaum – Wörlitz||120 (operates March-October)||Dessauer Verkehrs- und Eisenbahngesellschaft|
|Preceding station||Deutsche Bahn||Following station|
toward Magdeburg Hbf
toward Leipzig Hbf
- "Stationspreisliste 2017" [Station price list 2017] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 18 November 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- Since 1915 catenaries were dismantled to recover copper for war production.
- From 1946 catenaries and overhead line masts were dismantled as Soviet war reparations.
- DB ProjektBau GmbH (2010). Infrastrukturprojekte 2010. Bauen bei der Deutschen Bahn (in German). Hamburg: Eurailpress. pp. 68–81. ISBN 978-3-7771-0414-0.
- Bley, Peter (1990). 150 Jahre Berlin-Anhaltische Eisenbahn (150 years of the Berlin-Anhalt railway) (in German). Düsseldorf: alba. ISBN 3-87094-340-8.
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