Destinikon

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Not to be confused with Destenika.

Destinikon (Greek: Δεστινίκον), rendered in Serbian as Dostinik (Serbian Cyrillic: Достиник) or Dostinika (Достиника), was one of eight inhabited cities (καστρα/kastra) of "baptized Serbia" (the hinterland of the Serbian Principality), mentioned in De Administrando Imperio (950s, abbr. DAI). The exact location is undetermined, although modern studies point to locations in Raška and Metohija.

The DAI mentions Destinikon as the first among the enumerated cities ("Destinikon, Tzernabouskeï, Megyretous, Dresneïk, Lesnik, Salines, Katera, Desnik") of "baptized Serbia".[1] In chapter 32, the DAI tells of Klonimir, an exiled dynastical member in Bulgaria, who marched an army into Serbia, entering the city of Destinikon with the intent of seizing the throne, but was defeated by Prince Petar,[2] in ca. 896.

Studies[edit]

  • P. Petrović and P. Vlahović (1984) concluded that it was most likely southeast of Ras.[3] This presumption is confirmed by the fact that the DAI mentions Klonimir attacking Petar, coming from Bulgaria.[3]
  • R. Novaković (1981), studying fort ruins in the area of the early medieval Serbian state believed Ždrelo or Gradište Gedže, in Orahovac, to have been the site.[4] The site, ruins of a fortified city with towers, is located at a hill called Gradiš or Gradeš, dated to the 9th–10th centuries.[5]
  • Metohija[6]
  • Aleksandar Deroko noted that it may have been early Sjenica.[7]
  • Croatian linguist P. Skok (1881–1956) and Serbian historian V. Korać (1924–2010) believed it to be Drsnik, in Metohija.[8][9]
  • Serbian historian S. Novaković (1842–1915) and K. Grot believed it to be Deževa, in Raška.[10]
  • Slovak historian P. J. Šafárik (1795–1861) believed it to be on the Lower Drina, near the villages of Disit and Desna.[11]
  • Czech historian K. J. Jireček (1854–1918) believed it to have been located west of Ras.[12] This view was supported by Serbian historian S. Stanojević (1874–1937).[12]
  • Serbian historian M. Blagojević (1930–2012) believed it to have been in the župa (county) of Hvosno.[13]
  • Serbian historian S. Ćirković (1929–2009) presumed it was on the road "from Ras towards the Lim valley".[13]
  • Serbian historian Vladimir Ćorović deemed the location unknown.
  • Remains of a fortification thought to be that of Destinikon have been found in the Archaeological site of Vrsjenice, near Sjenica. The findings date from late antiquity and early Byzantine.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moravcsik 1967, p. 161.
  2. ^ Moravcsik 1967, pp. 156–157.
  3. ^ a b Petrović & Vlahović 1984, p. 128.
  4. ^ Novaković 1981.
  5. ^ "Брдо Градиш". Spomenici kulture. SANU. 
  6. ^ Univerzitet u Beogradu. Filozofski fakultet (1968). Zbornik Filozofskog fakulteta. Naučno delo. То су разлози због којих бисмо Достиник могли тражити на том простору. -- Друго место за које бисмо такође могли везати положај Достиника налази се опет на ивици Метохије. У горњем току реке Кујавче, на њеној левој обали, ... 
  7. ^ Aleksandar Deroko (1950). Srednjevekovni gradovi u Srbiji. Prosveta. p. 74. 
  8. ^ Novaković 1981, pp. 61–63
  9. ^ Korać 1995
  10. ^ Recueil de Travaux de l'Institut des Études Byzantines, Volume 38. Belgrade: Naučno delo. 2000. p. 109. 
  11. ^ Šafárik 1837, p. 643, 651
  12. ^ a b Petrović & Vlahović 1984, p. 127.
  13. ^ a b Đorđe Trifunović (2001). Ка почецима српске писмености. Откровење. p. 76. ISBN 978-86-83353-13-2. 
  14. ^ (PDF) http://www.novavizija.org/REPOSITORY/136_sjenica_bastina.pdf.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

Sources[edit]