Destruction Island Light

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Destruction Island Light
Destruction Island Lighthouse.jpg
Destruction Island Light is located in Washington (state)
Destruction Island Light
Location Destruction Island, Washington
Coordinates 47°40′27″N 124°29′13″W / 47.6742°N 124.4869°W / 47.6742; -124.4869Coordinates: 47°40′27″N 124°29′13″W / 47.6742°N 124.4869°W / 47.6742; -124.4869[1]
Year first constructed 1891
Year first lit 1891
Automated 1968
Deactivated April, 2008
Tower shape Conical
Height 94 feet (29 m)
Focal height 45 metre Edit this on Wikidata
Original lens First order Fresnel lens (removed)
Range 18 nautical miles; 34 kilometres (21 mi)
Characteristic White flash every 5 seconds

Destruction Island Lighthouse is a decommissioned lighthouse on Destruction Island, a rocky island that is part of the Quillayute Needles National Wildlife Refuge[2] lying about 3 miles (4.8 km) off the coast of Jefferson County, Washington, in the northwest of the United States.[3][4]

History[edit]

Construction of the Destruction Island Lighthouse began in 1890.[5] The island was proposed as a site for a lighthouse years earlier, but a shortage of funds and shifting priorities delayed the project.[6] After the 94-foot (29 m) conical tower was complete, it was wrapped in a skin of iron to protect it from the elements.[7] The fog signal was placed in operation November 1, 1891,[8] and the five concentric wicks of the lamp were set afire on January 1, 1892.[5] The tower's first order Fresnel lens stood 147 feet (45 m) above sea level and was visible for 24 miles (39 km).[8] The Coast Guard assumed responsibility for the lighthouse in 1939;[6] it was automated in November 1968.[8] In 1963, the Coast Guard's attempt to turn off the beacon for good was scuttled by the protests of local boaters.[7]

The Fresnel lens was removed in 1995 and is on exhibit at the Westport Maritime Museum in Westport, Washington. It was replaced with a Vega Rotating Beacon (VRB-25).[4] At that time the use of the underwater power cable was retired to solar panels. The Coast Guard gutted the original fog signal building and developed it into temporary housing just in case weather prevented maintenance crews from leaving the island. The two keepers' dwellings are no longer standing. The only remaining companions to the lighthouse are two oil houses, the fog signal building and original water tower.[4]

The Coast Guard shut off the light for good in April 2008. The structure is now under the management of U.S Fish & Wildlife, Quillayute Needles National Wildlife Refuge, and is closed to the public. The lighthouse is visible in the distance from U.S. Route 101 at Ruby Beach about 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Kalaloch.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Destruction Island Lighthouse". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Summary Report on the Geology and Mineral Resources of Flattery Rocks, Quillayute Needles, and Copalis National Wildlife Refuges, Washington" (PDF). Studies Related to Wilderness Wildlife Refuges. National Park Service. 1968. p. F2. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Destruction Island Light". Inventory of Historic Light Stations: Washington Lighthouses. National Park Service. Archived from the original on May 1, 2004. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Rowlett, Russ (October 19, 2014). "Lighthouses of the United States: Washington". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Destruction Island, WA". Lighthousefriends. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Destruction Island Lighthouse" (PDF). Pacific Ocean Newsletter. National Park Service. February 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c "13th Coast Guard District Lighthouses". 13th Coast Guard District. January 1996. Retrieved April 28, 2015. [permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Destruction Island Light". Lighthouse Digest. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved April 28, 2015.