Desulfovibrio

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Desulfovibrio
Dvulgaris micrograph.JPG
Desulfovibrio vulgaris
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Deltaproteobacteria
Order: Desulfovibrionales
Family: Desulfovibrionaceae
Genus: Desulfovibrio
Kluyver & van Niel 1936
Species

D. acrylicus
D. aerotolerans
D. aespoeensis
D. africanus
D. alaskensis
D. alcoholivorans
D. alkalitolerans
D. aminophilus
D. arcticus
D. baarsii
D. baculatus
D. bastinii
D. biadhensis[1]
D. bizertensis
D. burkinensis
D. butyratiphilus
D. capillatus
D. carbinolicus
D. carbinoliphilus
D. cuneatus
D. dechloracetivorans
D. desulfuricans
D. ferrireducens
D. frigidus
D. fructosivorans
D. furfuralis
D. gabonensis
D. giganteus
D. gigas
D. gracilis
D. halophilus
D. hydrothermalis
D. idahonensis
D. indonesiensis
D. inopinatus
D. intestinalis
D. legallii
D. alitoralis
D. longreachensis
D. longus
D. magneticus
D. marinus
D. marinisediminis
D. marrakechensis
D. mexicanus
D. multispirans
D. oceani
D. oxamicus
D. oxyclinae
D. paquesii
D. piezophilus
D. pigra
D. portus
D. profundus
D. psychrotolerans
D. putealis
D. salixigens
D. sapovorans
D. senezii
D. simplex
D. sulfodismutans
D. termitidis
D. thermophilus
D. tunisiensis
D. vietnamensis
D. vulgaris
D. zosterae

Desulfovibrio is a genus of Gram-negative sulfate-reducing bacteria. Desulfovibrio species are commonly found in aquatic environments with high levels of organic material, as well as in water-logged soils, and form major community members of extreme oligotrophic habitats such as deep granitic fractured rock aquifers.

Like other sulfate-reducing bacteria, Desulfovibrio was long considered to be obligately anaerobic. This is not strictly correct: while growth may be limited, these bacteria can survive in O2-rich environments. These types of bacteria are known as aerotolerant.

Some Desulfovibrio species have in recent years been shown to have bioremediation potential for toxic radionuclides such as uranium by a reductive bioaccumulation process.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parte, A.C. "Desulfovibrio". www.bacterio.net. 
  • Madigan M; Martinko J, eds. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms (11th ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-144329-1. 

External links[edit]

  • Amrani, Amira; Bergon, Aurelie; Holota, Helene; Tamburini, Christian; Garel, Marc; Ollivier, Bernard; Imbert, Jean; Dolla, Alain (12 September 2014). "Transcriptomics Reveal Several Gene Expression Patterns in the Piezophile Desulfovibrio hydrothermalis in Response to Hydrostatic Pressure". PLoS. 9 (9): e106831. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106831. 
  • Czechowski, Melvin; Rossmore, H.W. (1981). Developments in Industrial Microbiology (PDF). Retrieved 2010-10-20. 

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