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Desulfurisation is a chemical process for the removal of sulfur from a material. This can involve either the removal of sulfur from a molecule (e.g. A=S → A:) or the removal of sulfur compounds from a mixture such as petrochemicals or flue gases.[1]

These processes are of great industrial and environmental importance as they provide the bulk of sulfur used in industry (Claus process and Contact process), sulfur-free compounds that could otherwise not be used in a great number of catalytic processes, and also reduce the release of harmful sulfur compounds into the environment, particularly sulfur dioxide (SO2) which leads to acid rain.

Processes used for desulfurisation include hydrodesulfurization, flue-gas desulfurization) and the Wet sulfuric acid process(WSA Process).

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  1. ^ Babich, I (April 2003). "Science and technology of novel processes for deep desulfurization of oil refinery streams: a review⋆". Fuel 82 (6): 607–631. doi:10.1016/S0016-2361(02)00324-1.